The Vale of Clwyd was a significant center for the development of Christianity, with numerous Celtic saints establishing religious cells in the area. St. Meugan's church in Llanrhydd became a prominent mother church, recorded in historical documents and receiving compensation for damages during wars. Edward I's conquest of Wales in 1282 led to the reduction of St. Meugan's influence, as Ruthin Castle was constructed, and Ruthin became a chartered borough.
Lord John de Grey established St. Peter's Collegiate Church in 1310, housing a community of priests known as the Bonshommes. The church endured damage during uprisings but continued to serve the community. Over time, the church underwent alterations, including a Victorian restoration and the addition of a spire. St. Peter's is known for its distinctive double-naved structure and magnificent timber roofs. Dean Gabriel Goodman played a significant role in Ruthin, refounding the wardenship and constructing almshouses.
The church experienced maintenance challenges, including a fire in 1904. In 1920, the Welsh Church Act resulted in the separation of Wales and Monmouthshire from the Church of England. Notable memorials and historical buildings related to the church and Gabriel Goodman can be found in the vicinity.References:
The Château du Haut-Koenigsbourg is situated in a strategic area on a rocky spur overlooking the Upper Rhine Plain, it was used by successive powers from the Middle Ages until the Thirty Years' War when it was abandoned. From 1900 to 1908 it was rebuilt at the behest of the German kaiser Wilhelm II. Today it is a major tourist site, attracting more than 500,000 visitors a year.
The first records of a castle built by the Hohenstaufens date back to 1147. The fortress changed its name to Koenigsburg (royal castle) around 1157. The castle was handed over to the Tiersteins by the Habsburgs following its destruction in 1462. They rebuilt and enlarged it, installing a defensive system designed to withstand artillery fire.
The fortification work accomplished over the 15th century did not suffice to keep the Swedish artillery at bay during the Thirty Years War, and the defences were overrun.