The construction of Gerione Castle was probably motivated by the need to control mountain routes and its strategic position as an observation point for a large part of the Sele plain. Documented for the first time in a parchment from 1056 during the Lombard period, the exact date of its construction is unknown.
With the Assise of Capua in 1220, the Gerione Castle was acquired by Frederick II of Sweden for the Demanio Regio, becoming directly dependent on the emperor and included among the Castra exempta, the main fortifications of the kingdom.
The structure maintained its military-defensive function until 1515 when, due to its inconvenient location for the needs of the time, it was handed over to the Collegiate Church of Santa Maria della Pace by the last feudal lord to possess it, Duke Ferdinando Orsini. According to others, the castle was used both as a prison and as a Spanish garrison during the feudal rule of the Grimaldi Princes of Monaco, Marquises of Campagna.
La Hougue Bie is a Neolithic ritual site which was in use around 3500 BC. Hougue is a Jèrriais/Norman language word meaning a \'mound\' and comes from the Old Norse word haugr. The site consists of 18.6m long passage chamber covered by a 12.2m high mound. The site was first excavated in 1925 by the Société Jersiaise. Fragments of twenty vase supports were found along with the scattered remains of at least eight individuals. Gravegoods, mostly pottery, were also present. At some time in the past, the site had evidently been entered and ransacked.
In Western Europe, it is one of the largest and best preserved passage graves and the most impressive and best preserved monument of Armorican Passage Grave group. Although they are termed \'passage graves\', they were ceremonial sites, whose function was more similar to churches or cathedrals, where burials were incidental.