San Giovanni del Toro

Ravello, Italy

Consecrated in the 11th century, the San Giovanni del Toro church was restored in 1715 after damage caused by an earthquake, and it was restored again in the 1990s. The church is named for John the Apostle and for 'Il Toro', the former name of the old aristocratic quarter in which it was built. It is especially noted for its pulpit, dating from around the 13th century.

The pulpit is notable for its mosaics, the decorative patterns of which inspired the interlocking patterns used by M.C. Escher, who spent time in Ravello in the 1920s and studied the church and the pulpit; Ravello was one of his favorite places. One mosaic is of Jonahe merging from the whale. An eagle supports the reading desk, and it holds a book opened to the first sentence of the Gospel of John. The 'beautiful' pulpit, which dates from the time of Roger I of Sicily, also contains Oriental pottery and Arabic script, and the steps up to it contain well-preserved frescoes with scenes from the life of Christ. There is a side chapel with a stucco figure of Saint Catherine and her wheel.



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Founded: 11th century
Category: Religious sites in Italy

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Media Salerno Project (4 months ago)
Church of S. Giovanni del Toro S. Giovanni del Toro Historical News 1018 - XII (foundation and consecration of the entire property) The church was founded in 1018 by the noble families of Ravello (Rogadeo, Pironti, Muscettola and others), who lived in the Toro district. These families took care of its construction and enriched the church with donations in the following period. The church was defined as "caput et mater aliarum ecclesiarum parochialum civitatis". Therefore it was the parish seat. Description The monumental complex of San Giovanni del Toro is located in the heart of the Toro district, the Ancient Center of Ravello, reserved for the nobles of the city, a few steps from the ancient Rocca del Belvedere. Overall, it shows itself as a very valuable example of Romanesque architecture with strong Arab-Norman influences. The sacred building has a longitudinal plan, with three naves (of which the central one is much higher than the side ones), covered by trusses and cross vaults, a transept surmounted by a dome on a high drum, three extrados apses, each of which has a single lancet window, and crypt. The main apse opens with an ogival arch and has two small columns with capitals at the jambs. The naves are divided by round arches on monolithic granite columns, with Corinthian capitals (bare); above them rise the high walls of the central nave, in which single-lancet windows open in line with the arches below. The spans of the side aisles also have mullioned windows on the side walls. The naves are inserted into the transept by means of a transverse wall, which forms a triumphal pointed arch in the center resting on the composite pillars placed at the entrance to the presbytery. In correspondence with this connection are the stairs (made up of five steps) that lead from the aisles to the raised transept. The sober façade is divided into three parts and ended with sloping at the top; it has three portals and a central lancet window. The bell tower, the sacristy and some annexed chapels, which rise on the left side of the church, complete the architectural complex.
Anna Ida Me (2 years ago)
Absolutely to be recovered. A church that celebrated its first millennium. fabulous
Edson Mendes dos Santos (2 years ago)
Igreja mais antiga de Ravello, onde a capela de 1000 e tra la la foi descoberta a 15 anos atras.
sergiu costan (2 years ago)
Iubesc aceste locuri incredibile!!!
Ranieri Vuilleumier (2 years ago)
Mi è piaciuta molto
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