Also called Saint Michael's Castle, Castle of Avella was built by the Lombards in the 8th century AD in a strategic position. In fact, it dominates the access that connects Monteforte Irpino with the Sabato Valley and leads to Puglia and the Adriatic coast. The hill on which the Castle of Avella rises has also been the scene of further and important archaeological finds: in fact, among its ruins, the famous Cippus Abellanus dating back to about 150 BC was found. It's currently preserved at the Episcopal Seminary of Nola. It's an inscription in Oscan language, bearing the agreement between Abella and Nola and concerning the land in the middle of which there was a municipality Temple of Heracles.
The fortress of the Castle, which takes up the top of the hill, is dominated by the monumental cylindrical tower, typical of Angevin architecture, and by the two imposing structures of the donjon, a particular type of defensive tower. At the base of the fortress, two walls surround the slopes of the hill. Inside this area, there are many remains of rooms belonging to housing structures; among these, the only building preserved on the top is a large rectangular cistern.
The Castle of Avella, a fairytale destination set amidst untouched nature, is the emblem of the medieval past of this town in Lower Irpinia.References:
La Hougue Bie is a Neolithic ritual site which was in use around 3500 BC. Hougue is a Jèrriais/Norman language word meaning a \'mound\' and comes from the Old Norse word haugr. The site consists of 18.6m long passage chamber covered by a 12.2m high mound. The site was first excavated in 1925 by the Société Jersiaise. Fragments of twenty vase supports were found along with the scattered remains of at least eight individuals. Gravegoods, mostly pottery, were also present. At some time in the past, the site had evidently been entered and ransacked.
In Western Europe, it is one of the largest and best preserved passage graves and the most impressive and best preserved monument of Armorican Passage Grave group. Although they are termed \'passage graves\', they were ceremonial sites, whose function was more similar to churches or cathedrals, where burials were incidental.