Located in the shadow of Mount Vesuvius, Herculaneum was an ancient Roman town destroyed by volcanic pyroclastic flows in 79 AD. Its ruins are located in the comune of Ercolano near Naples.

As a UNESCO World Heritage Site, it is famous as one of the few ancient cities that can now be seen in much of its original splendour, as well as for having been lost, along with Pompeii, Stabiae, Oplontis and Boscoreale, in the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in AD 79 that buried it. Unlike Pompeii, the deep pyroclastic material which covered it preserved wooden and other organic-based objects such as roofs, beds, doors, food and even some 300 skeletons which were discovered in recent years along the seashore. It had been thought until then that the town had been evacuated by the inhabitants.

Herculaneum was a wealthier town than Pompeii, possessing an extraordinary density of fine houses with, for example, far more lavish use of coloured marble cladding.

History

Ancient tradition connected Herculaneum with the name of the Greek hero Heracles, an indication that the city was of Greek origin. In fact, it seems that some forefathers of the Samnite tribes of the Italian mainland founded the first civilization on the site of Herculaneum at the end of the 6th century BC. Soon after, the town came under Greek control and was used as a trading post because of its proximity to the Gulf of Naples. In the 4th century BC, Herculaneum again came under the domination of the Samnites. The city remained under Samnite control until it became a Roman municipium in 89 BC.

Architecture

The buildings at the site are grouped in blocks (insulae), defined by the intersection of the east-west and north-south streets. 

The most famous of the luxurious villas at Herculaneum is the Villa of the Papyri. It was once identified as the magnificent seafront retreat for Lucius Calpurnius Piso Caesoninus, Julius Caesar's father-in-law.The villa stretches down towards the sea in four terraces. Piso, a literate man who patronized poets and philosophers, built a fine library there, the only one to survive intact from antiquity.

The Central Thermae were bath houses built around the first century AD. Bath houses were very common at that time, especially in Pompeii and Herculaneum. Per common practice, there were two different bath areas, one for men and the other for women. These houses were extremely popular, attracting many visitors daily. This cultural hub was also home to several works of art, which can be found in various areas of the Central Thermae site.

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Address

Via Mare 38, Ercolano, Italy
See all sites in Ercolano

Details

Founded: 7th century BCE
Category: Prehistoric and archaeological sites in Italy

Rating

4.6/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Dan Gao (8 months ago)
- Geneally a nice place to stay between Napoli and Pompeii. - Though wall is too thin so the sound insulation is a bit poor, and the air conditioner is not working very well.
Shruti Prasad (9 months ago)
Positive: Right in front of the Herculaneum ruins. Pretty close to the train station (approx 10mins). Staff was also helpful. Beds are also comfy and some toiletries are provided. Negative : The bathroom smelled of sewage, like improper plumbing. That was really annoying. Room looked bigger and newer in the pictures, while in the reality the room was smaller and you could see the wear and tear in the room (old furniture, old floor). The parking location is not that close as we expected. Was still 5-10min walking distance. Also another point, it is not the fault of the hotel but we didnt like the locality and the surroundings. Would have preferred to stay in a neater and safer looking locality.
Kaiyang Yin (9 months ago)
Very well located, clean and comfortable rooms, staffed with a nice and helpful team.
Jesper S. (10 months ago)
Dirty walls and way below average size for a room. The pictures shows a pool, but it does not exist. They wanted 15% extra of a tour price as a service flee.
Molly Slayter (10 months ago)
There is no pool. You can’t have a photo adventising a pool that isn’t there. Also you can’t order food there so the “restaurant“ looking photos are fake. We stayed at a hostel in Naples before staying Here and I would rate it higher.
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