Oranienburg Palace

Oranienburg, Germany

Oranienburg Palace is the oldest Baroque Schloss in the Margraviate of Brandenburg and was built from 1651 to 1655 by Louise Henriette of Orange-Nassau, the first wife of Frederick William, Elector of Brandenburg, on the site of an older hunting lodge. The architect was Johann Gregor Memhardt. The building was based on the contemporary architecture of Dutch classicism in its external form, with its vertical orientation and the turrets on the side wings. The extensive garden was primarily used for the cultivation of trees, ornamental shrubs, flowers and vegetables. Among other things, the Electress introduced potatoes and cauliflower to the Mark Brandenburg.

From 1689, the Electress' son, Frederick I, who loved splendour, had the palace and gardens enlarged, influenced by Italian and French baroque architecture. Johann Arnold Nering was in charge of construction until 1699. He changed the facade of the corps de logis and added two north rear wings with final pavilions, connected by a walk-in arcade, and thus a second courtyard. After him, Johann Friedrich Eosander von Göthe mainly complemented the interior design.

After the death of Frederick I in 1713, the palace was hardly used. His son Frederick William I only lodged occasionally in Oranienburg, and just the most necessary funds were granted for the maintenance of the palace. His son Frederick II transferred the estate to his younger brother Prince Augustus William of Prussia on the occasion of his marriage in 1742. Augustus William died here in 1758 at the age of only 35. His widow Luise of Brunswick used it until her death in 1780. In 1794 the later Prussian Queen Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz received it as a gift.

From 1858 to 1925 it was converted into a teacher's seminary, 1933–37 SS barracks, then police academy. Damaged by bombs in World War II, it was externally restored in 1948-1954. After a temporary use by the Red Army, it was an officer school for the barracked People's Police from 1952 and later barracks for the Border Troops of the German Democratic Republic until 1990.

Today the palace is a museum of the Prussian Palaces and Gardens Foundation Berlin-Brandenburg. Numerous valuable objects of baroque handicrafts and paintings are on display, including paintings with connections to the castle and its inhabitants, partly also individual pieces of the original interior.



Your name


Founded: 1651-1655
Category: Palaces, manors and town halls in Germany
Historical period: Thirty Years War & Rise of Prussia (Germany)

More Information



4.4/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Neil chen (8 months ago)
The building only 1/4 used as a museum, size is not important for me , but there is almost nothing in the museum, some paintings and Porzellan, that’s all.the castle outlook is beautiful, but inside mainly white paint, only one ceiling is original, I would say : better visit the another castle.
Clarissa Splotzina (12 months ago)
Really friendly tour guides. I appreciate that there are ample places to sit, which is a great accessibility feature. Please add descriptions in English, as not everyone speaks German (I had to translate for other members of our group which slowed down the visit).
Alex0ss (2 years ago)
Seemed like an interesting historical castle when visiting it, sadly every piece of information is in German (except for the silver vault), no audioguide or flyer except for the one you can buy at the entrance (and only in English). Yet it is quite cheap so why not after all, I'm sure guided tours during the week are nice, I was visiting during a weekend.
Bethany Kaaz (3 years ago)
A beautiful palace with very well-kept grounds and gardens. Worth a visit any time of the year. At 4€ per day, the price is very fair and acceptable.
Anja Van De Gronde (6 years ago)
I found the gardens/park very beautiful even I had to pay to get in. The Schloss itself is very beautiful, we were there during the week and could only visit the inside with a 2,5 hour guided tour, I chose not to do this. In the weekend you are free to roam the Schloss.
Powered by Google

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

Doune Castle

Doune Castle was originally built in the thirteenth century, then probably damaged in the Scottish Wars of Independence, before being rebuilt in its present form in the late 14th century by Robert Stewart, Duke of Albany (c. 1340–1420), the son of King Robert II of Scots, and Regent of Scotland from 1388 until his death. Duke Robert"s stronghold has survived relatively unchanged and complete, and the whole castle was traditionally thought of as the result of a single period of construction at this time. The castle passed to the crown in 1425, when Albany"s son was executed, and was used as a royal hunting lodge and dower house.

In the later 16th century, Doune became the property of the Earls of Moray. The castle saw military action during the Wars of the Three Kingdoms and Glencairn"s rising in the mid-17th century, and during the Jacobite risings of the late 17th century and 18th century.