Jämaja Church

Torgu, Estonia

The first known church in Jämaja was built in the 13th century. The wooden church was destroyed by fire and the current one was completed in 1864. The Renaissance style pulpit from the 17th century.

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Details

Founded: 1864
Category: Religious sites in Estonia
Historical period: Part of the Russian Empire (Estonia)

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4.4/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Linna Mäe (9 months ago)
ごんごん (12 months ago)
美しい教会です。
Uku-Rasmus Lind (2 years ago)
Is a modest and old countryside church.
K7 (3 years ago)
Anatoly Ko (6 years ago)
Jämaja kirik, Torgu, 58.012713, 22.053037 ‎ 58° 0' 45.77", 22° 3' 10.93" Церковь Ямая находится на западном берегу полуострова Сырве, на 21 километре шоссе Каугатума-Сяре. Свой современный облик церковь обрела в 1864 году во время капитального ремонта, проводившегося в церкви. Церковь находилась на этом месте уже в средние века. Деревянная кафедра церкви Ямая (также как большой эпитаф в церкви Кярла) свидетельствует о связи с изобразительным искусством Любека в начале 17 века. Фризы, карнизы, пилястры и медальоны, а также декор в стиле эпохи ренессанс – дело рук молодого мастера, Тённиеса Эверса. Современную треугольную кафедру украшают пилястры, а также расположенные по центру рельефные медальоны и богато декорированные фризы. Кроме этого, можно наблюдать деревянные украшения с маскароном (стилизированное человеческое лицо), на третьем фризе были изображены фантастические животные и фрукты. На пилястрах консолей изображены лица людей с глубливыми выражениями. Стен Карлинг датирует кафедру 1612 годом, детали кафедры изначально являлись частью трибуны церкви Святого Лаврентия в Курессааре. В 1710 году в очередной раз в сгоревшей церкви удалось сохранить детали кафедры, которые использовались в церкви Ямая, так как трибуна этой церкви из доломита к тому времени развалилась. От последней сохранилась и используется округлая ножка с рельефным орнаментом, а также скульптурные рельефы. Кафедра из доломита в 16 веке была размещена на северной стене церкви. На богато оформленном орнаметном гербовом щите изображен полумесяц и поднятая рука со шпагой. На стене в передней находится эпитаф из доломита (1657 год). Композиция того же времени изображена на эпитафе в Вальяла, образ изображенный на эпитафе выполнен в традициях эпохи ренессанса, а также с некоторыми роскошными чертами эпохи барокко. На стене изображена сцена из Колгаты обрамлённая колоннами. На северной стене находится эпитаф из доломита 16 века. Оценивая фигуры пилястр было выдвинуто предположение о том, что церковь была построена в 16 веке по примеру построек 16 века.
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The Porta Nigra was built in grey sandstone between 186 and 200 AD. The original gate consisted of two four-storied towers, projecting as near semicircles on the outer side. A narrow courtyard separated the two gate openings on either side. For unknown reasons, however, the construction of the gate remained unfinished. For example, the stones at the northern (outer) side of the gate were never abraded, and the protruding stones would have made it impossible to install movable gates. Nonetheless, the gate was used for several centuries until the end of the Roman era in Trier.

In Roman times, the Porta Nigra was part of a system of four city gates, one of which stood at each side of the roughly rectangular Roman city. The Porta Nigra guarded the northern entry to the Roman city, while the Porta Alba (White Gate) was built in the east, the Porta Media (Middle Gate) in the south, and the Porta Inclyta (Famous Gate) in the west, next to the Roman bridge across the Moselle. The gates stood at the ends of the two main streets of the Roman Trier, one of which led north-south and the other east-west. Of these gates, only the Porta Nigra still exists today.

In the early Middle Ages the Roman city gates were no longer used for their original function and their stones were taken and reused for other buildings. Also iron and lead braces were broken out of the walls of the Porta Nigra for reuse. Traces of this destruction are still clearly visible on the north side of the gate.

After 1028, the Greek monk Simeon lived as a hermit in the ruins of the Porta Nigra. After his death (1035) and sanctification, the Simeonstift monastery was built next to the Porta Nigra to honor him. Saving it from further destruction, the Porta Nigra was transformed into a church: The inner court of the gate was roofed and intermediate ceilings were inserted. The two middle storeys of the former gate were converted into church naves: the upper storey being for the monks and the lower storey for the general public. The ground floor with the large gates was sealed, and a large outside staircase was constructed alongside the south side (the town side) of the gate, up to the lower storey of the church. A small staircase led further up to the upper storey. The church rooms were accessible through former windows of the western tower of the Porta Nigra that were enlarged to become entrance doors (still visible today). The top floor of the western tower was used as church tower, the eastern tower was leveled, and an apse added at its east side. An additional gate - the much smaller Simeon Gate - was built adjacent to the East side of the Porta Nigra and served as a city gate in medieval times.

In 1802 Napoleon Bonaparte dissolved the church in the Porta Nigra and the monastery beside it, along with the vast majority of Trier"s numerous churches and monasteries. On his visit to Trier in 1804, Napoleon ordered that the Porta Nigra be converted back to its Roman form. Only the apse was kept; but the eastern tower was not rebuilt to its original height. Local legend has it that Napoleon originally wanted to completely tear down the church, but locals convinced him that the church had actually been a Gaulish festival hall before being turned into a church. Another version of the story is that they told him about its Roman origins, persuading him to convert the gate back to its original form.

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