Château de Verneuil-sur-Avre Ruins

Verneuil-sur-Avre, France

Château de Verneuil-sur-Avre has attested since XIe century. It formed with Tillières-on-Avre and Nonancourt a defensive curtain against the possible incursions in Normandy of the counts de Chartres. Philippe Auguste built there after 1204 one of his famous circular towers.

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Details

Founded: 13th century
Category: Castles and fortifications in France
Historical period: Late Capetians (France)

More Information

www.casteland.com

Rating

3.9/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Pascal Becquet (11 months ago)
Un bel exemple de service pour ce restaurant. Malgré un mail et 2 appels pour tenter de faire une réservation aucun retour. Un mail sans réponse et deux appels où l'on doit me rappeler mais que nenni. Vraiment déçu pour un établissement de la gamme Relais & Châteaux.
Daniel Ollivier (11 months ago)
Accueil chaleureux, chambre confortable, excellent restaurant et cadre magnifique.
Boaz Tal (16 months ago)
We had a excellent Franch dinner. Classic but very modern at the same time. Excellent service throughout. Highly recommended
Stéphane Clabaut (17 months ago)
Très bel endroit calme reposant et très confortable. La bâtisse à été entièrement refaite avec très bon goût. L' accueil est chaleureux, l'équipe est toujours présente mais sait se montrer discrète. Le dîner était succulent. Les produits sont locaux et les recettes originales. Vraiment un sans faute pour nous ! Nous avons passé un très agréable séjour.
Guyan Porter (18 months ago)
The worst hotel experience I have ever had. We booked a stay at the Hotel Le Clos - Relais & Chateaux through the website, which is impressive and easy to use. We decided to book a stay there because it was recommended by the Relais & Chateaux hotel chain and because we could select a specific room from the website. We wanted to stay there on the night of our wedding, as it was close to my wife’s parents house and we thought it would be a safe place to stay. We phoned the hotel two days before the night we were due to arrive to enquire if they had any vegetarian food on the menu. The host Odile Brial was instantly aggressive and told us that they had no vegetarian food and that we couldn’t have dinner. She then told us that we would have to pay for dinner and that you couldn’t stay at the hotel unless you had dinner there. She then told us that the room that we had chosen was no longer available and that we would have to take another room. She then left us on hold for 10 minutes before passing the phone to Eric Brial, who told us that we would have to pay extra to stay in a larger room. At this point we stated that there was no way we were paying extra to change rooms and after a further three phone calls the owners agreed that we could have a different room for the same price that we had originally booked. At no point did either of the owners apologise or explain why our room was no longer available. They did tell us that they had tried to contact us on several occasions to inform us that we would have to change rooms. We checked our email and our phone logs it was clear that this was untrue. Six weeks before arriving we have had two bookings emails from the Relais & Chateaux team confirming our reservation, the amount that we would be paying and which room we had booked. Obviously this confirmation email had our email address and our telephone numbers, so there was absolutely no reason whatsoever why Odile and Eric Brial could not contact us prior to our arrival. On arriving we were coerced into booking breakfast for the following day. Against my better judgement we agreed to have breakfast at the hotel, which cost €25 per person. This consisted of one hot drink, an orange juice, a small packet of cereal, some bread and croissants and local yoghurt. In the small print of the hotel guide in the room it said we could have eggs, cheese and ham with our breakfast, although none of these were offered. On leaving I asked Eric Brial why we were not offered eggs, cheese or ham with our breakfast and he said that most guest do not have a problem asking for this themselves. When we arrived we did have a conversation about what was available for breakfast and there was no mention of eggs, or cheese or ham. This may sound like a small detail but is indicative of the continual misinformation and meanness displayed by Odile and Eric Brial at every stage of our dealings with them. Further insult to injury was the attitude of the owners from the very start, blaming us, refusing to apologise, making out that everything was our fault and not theirs. They took no responsibility whatsoever for the errors that had been made. They also did everything possible to try and extort more money out of us. Further, the spa, which closes at an incredibly early 7pm, was cold, nether the sauna or the steam room were on, they were both stone cold. The swimming pool was freezing and the whole spa area was cold. I’ve stayed in top hotels all over the world and I’ve never experienced anything like this in my life. It amazes me that a hotel chain such as Relais & Chateaux, with a reputation for quality, would allow this sort of abysmal service and total disregard for their clients. The hotel is housed in a beautiful building and is extremely clean but the owners cynical disregard for their guests is simply astonishing.
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Wawel Castle

Wawel Hill – a Jurassic limestone rock, a dominant feature in the landscape of Kraków, have provided a safe haven for people who have settled here since the Paleolithic Age. It is supposed that the Slav people started living on Wawel hill as early as the 7th century. Early medieval legends tell stories about a dreadful dragon that lived in a cave on Wawel Hill, about his slayer Krakus, and about the latter’s daughter Wanda, who drowned herself in the Vistula rather than marry a German knight. Towards the end of the first millennium A.D Wawel began to play the role of the centre of political power.In the 9th century it became the principal fortified castrum of the Vislane tribe. The first historical ruler of Poland, Miesco I (c.965-992) of the Piast dynasty as well as his successors: Boleslas the Brave (992-1025) and Miesco II (1025-1034) chose Wawel Hill as one of their residences.

At that time Wawel became one of the main Polish centres of Christianity. The first early Romanesque and Romanesque sacral buildings were raised here, including a stone cathedral that was erected after the bishopric of Kraków was established in the year 1000.

During the reign of Casimir the Restorer (1034-1058) Wawel became a significant political and administrative centre for the Polish State. Casimir’s son, Boleslas the Bold (1058-1079) began the construction of a second Romanesque cathedral, which was finished by Boleslas the Wrymouth (1102-1138). In his last will of 1138, this prince divided Poland into districts, and provided that Kraków was to be the residence of the senior prince. In 1291 the city of Kraków along with Wawel Hill temporarily fell under the Czech rule, and Wenceslas II from the Premysl dynasty was crowned King of Poland in Wawel cathedral.

In 1306 the Duke of Kuyavia Ladislas the Short (1306-1333) entered Wawel and was crowned King of Poland in the Cathedral in 1320. It was the first historically recorded coronation of a Polish ruler on Wawel Hill. Around that time, at the initiative of Ladislas the Short, the construction of the third Gothic cathedral began, the castle was expanded and the old wooden and earthen fortifications were replaced by brick ones. The tomb of Ladislas the Short in the cathedral started a royal necropolis of Polish kings in Krakow.The last descendant of the Piast dynasty, Casimir the Great (1333-1370) brought Wawel to a state of unprecedented splendour. In 1364 the expanded gothic castle witnessed the marriage of Casimir’s granddaughter Elizabeth to Charles IV accompanied by a famous convention of kings and princes, subsequently entertained by a rich burgher Wierzynek. The accession to the throne in 1385 of Jadwiga from the Hungarian dynasty of Andegavens, and her marriage to a Lithuanian prince Ladislas Jagiello (1386-1434) started another era of prosperity for Wawel. The royal court employed local and western European artists and also Rus painters. During the reign of Casimir Jagiellon (1447-1492) the silhouette of the hill was enriched by three high brick towers: the Thieves’ Tower, the Sandomierz Tower and the Senatorial Tower. The first humanists in Poland and tutors to the king’s sons: historian Jan Długosz and an Italian by the name Filippo Buonacorsi (also known as Callimachus) worked there at that time.

The Italian Renaissance arrived at Wawel in the early 16th century. King Alexander (1501-1506) and his brother Sigismund I the Old (1506-1548) commissioned the construction of a new palace in place of the Gothic residence, with an impressive large courtyard with arcaded galleries which was completed about 1540. Sigismund’s patronage also left an indelible impression in the cathedral, where a family chapel was erected, known today as Sigismund’s Chapel - the work of Bartolomeo of Berrecci Florence, and through various foundations, one of which was that of a large bell, called the Sigismund to commemorate the king. Close artistic and cultural relations with Italy were strengthened in 1518 by the king’s marriage to Bona Sforza. Alongside Italian artists, German architects, wood workers, painters and metal smiths worked for the king. The last descendant of the Jagiellonian dynasty, Sigismund II Augustus (1548-1572), enriched the castle’s interiors with a magnificent collection of tapestries woven in Brussels. In the “Golden Age” of Polish culture Wawel became one of the main centres of humanism in Europe.

The reign of Sigismund III Waza (1587-1632) also made a strong impression on the history of Wawel. After a fire in the castle in 1595 the king rebuilt the burned wing of the building in the early Baroque style. The relocation of the royal court to Warsaw was the cause of a slow but nevertheless steady deterioration in the castle’s condition. The monarchs visited Kraków only occasionally. Restoration of the castle was undertaken during the reign of John III Sobieski, the Wettins and Stanislas Augustus to counteract neglect.

After Poland had lost its independence in 1795, the troops of partitioning nations, Russia, Prussia and Austria, subsequently occupied Wawel which finally passed into the hands of the Austrians. The new owners converted the castle and some of the secular buildings into a military hospital, and demolished some others, including churches. After the period of the Free City of Kraków (1815-1846) Wawel was once more annexed by Austria and turned into a citadel dominating the city. By the resolution passed by the Seym of Galicia in 1880, the castle was presented as a residence to the Emperor of Austria Franz Josef I. The Austrian troops left the hill between 1905-1911. At the turn of the 20th century a thorough restoration of the cathedral was conducted, and shortly afterwards a process of restoration of the royal castle began which lasted several decades.

When Poland regained its independence in 1918, the castle served as an official residence of the Head of State, and as a museum of historic interiors. During the Nazi occupation the castle was the residence of the German governor general, Hans Frank. Polish people managed to remove the most valuable objects, including the tapestries and the “Szczerbiec” coronation sword to Canada, from where they returned as late as 1959-1961. At present, the main curators of Wawel are Wawel Royal Castle – State Art Collection and the Metropolitan Basilica Board on Wawel Hill.