Historical Museum of Norway

Oslo, Norway

The Historical Museum is part of the Museum of Cultural History, which has the country's largest collection of items from pre-historic times and the Middle Ages found in Norway. The Antiquities Collection shows Norwegian antiquities from the Stone Age to the Middle Ages including outstanding Viking Age and Medieval collections. Guided tours during summer season. The Collection of Coins and Medals displays Norwegian coins and banknotes. The Ethnographic Museum exhibits Egyptian mummies and Antique art, as well as items from non-Western cultures, Arctic expeditions, African cultures, native American cultures and East Asian cultures.

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Address

Frederiks Gate 2, Oslo, Norway
See all sites in Oslo

Details


Category: Museums in Norway

Rating

4.1/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Chris Callaghan (2 years ago)
Really interesting exhibits, but quite small (although partly under construction)
Bal Herrera (2 years ago)
This is a big and incredible place full of information not only about the history of Scandinavia but also has many different halls covering many parts of the world. It's a place to devote minimum 2 hours if you really want to enjoy the information and watch carefully the items. I got the entrance for this museum when buying my ticket for the Viking ship museum, it's a great deal doing it that way, ask for that option when visiting the ship museum.
George Salamouras (3 years ago)
A good place to visit, but I expected to see more Norwegian staff
Ziyaad Mayet (3 years ago)
I am not big museum person. Boring. This one was an example. Good section on Arctic people. But not interested in rest.
Jørgen Rygh (3 years ago)
Very small but interesting museum. They have a great exhibition of medieval wooden portals. They often swap out exhibitions so check what's on their plan before going. The ticket is also valid for the Viking ship museum, so worth going.
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Cesis Castle

German crusaders known as the Livonian Brothers of the Sword began construction of the Cēsis castle (Wenden) near the hill fort in 1209. When the castle was enlarged and fortified, it served as the residence for the Order's Master from 1237 till 1561, with periodic interruptions. Its ruins are some of the most majestic castle ruins in the Baltic states. Once the most important castle of the Livonian Order, it was the official residence for the masters of the order.

In 1577, during the Livonian War, the garrison destroyed the castle to prevent it from falling into the control of Ivan the Terrible, who was decisively defeated in the Battle of Wenden (1578).

In 1598 it was incorporated into the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and Wenden Voivodship was created here. In 1620 Wenden was conquered by Sweden. It was rebuilt afterwards, but was destroyed again in 1703 during the Great Northern War by the Russian army and left in a ruined state. Already from the end of the 16th century, the premises of the Order's castle were adjusted to the requirements of the Cēsis Castle estate. When in 1777 the Cēsis Castle estate was obtained by Count Carl Sievers, he had his new residence house built on the site of the eastern block of the castle, joining its end wall with the fortification tower.

Since 1949, the Cēsis History Museum has been located in this New Castle of the Cēsis Castle estate. The front yard of the New Castle is enclosed by a granary and a stable-coach house, which now houses the Exhibition Hall of the Museum. Beside the granary there is the oldest brewery in Latvia, Cēsu alus darītava, which was built in 1878 during the later Count Sievers' time, but its origins date back to the period of the Livonian Order. Further on, the Cēsis Castle park is situated, which was laid out in 1812. The park has the romantic characteristic of that time, with its winding footpaths, exotic plants, and the waters of the pond reflecting the castle's ruins. Nowadays also one of the towers is open for tourists.