Möhkö Ironworks Museum

Ilomantsi, Finland

Möhkö Ironworks was built in the middle of wilderness in the eastern part of Ilomantsi, by Möhkönkoski rapids of Koitajoki river. Ilomantsi born Carl G. Nygren was granted to build the ironworks in 1838. After him the factory was built by Adolf von Rauch from St. Petersburg between 1847 and 1849. Industrialist Nils Ludvig Arppe modernised the ironworks.

The conditions for the foundation of ironworks were lake ore lifted from the bottom of approximately a hundred lakes, cheap charcoal, water routes for transport and hydro power of the Möhkönkoski rapids. Möhkö was the one of the largest ironworks in Finland and it employed 2000 people. Thanks to the ironworks, Möhkö grew into a village of 600 people. The factory maintained a shop, a school, a library and a reading room.

The ironworks was closed down in 1908 because of distant location and the falling of the rocky ore prices. W. Gutzeit & Co. bought the factory and the forests. After the ironworks had been shut down, lumbering and log floating work provided a living for the people of Möhkö and Ilomantsi.

The Second World War destroyed Möhkö badly. It took away approximately a third of the territory of Ilomantsi. The automatisation of lumbering and migration to towns quitened Möhkö in the 1960’s and 1970’s.

Today Möhkö ironworks area functions as the factory museum. The ruins of blast furnace, massive waterwheel and unique, restored channels tell the stories of Möhkö ironworks. Pytinki Museum Shop serves customers. Several events are held in the area in summer season.

Reference: Möhkö Ironworks Museum

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Details

Founded: 1838-1908
Category: Industrial sites in Finland
Historical period: Russian Grand Duchy (Finland)

Rating

4.5/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Boris Sinilaakso (2 years ago)
A well-executed iron museum. The children's room was fun and all the miniatures told everything essential about the ironworks area, as well as the processing of lake ore.
Iida (2 years ago)
A nice, clear and well-executed museum exhibition. The subject areas were very broad, and some places were still left untouched. The contemporary artworks placed inside the buildings brought a good contrast to counterbalance the work of the past. All in all, a very good and beautiful museum tour. The price is very cheap and Möhkön's Manta offers good, inexpensive coffee and sandwich bread/cake.
Kauko Hiltunen (2 years ago)
A very interesting place where the work achievements of past generations can be seen in many different fields. Good parking spaces for larger vehicles as well.
Kwok Ng (3 years ago)
Historical museum indoors and outdoors with stories of the past and how pig iron was formed in the village. Insights about how the place was used in the 2nd world war. Info available the families that moved to the village. Small shop with some souvenirs too.
Juhani Polkko (4 years ago)
Check out the museuum with interesting WW2 info.
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