Kalozha Church

Hrodna, Belarus

The Kalozha church of Saints Boris and Gleb is the oldest extant structure in Hrodna. It is the only surviving monument of ancient Black Ruthenian architecture, distinguished from other Orthodox churches by prolific use of polychrome faceted stones of blue, green or red tint which could be arranged to form crosses or other figures on the wall.

The church is a cross-domed building supported by six circular pillars. The outside is articulated with projecting pilasters, which have rounded corners, as does the building itself. The ante-nave contains the choir loft, accessed by a narrow gradatory in the western wall. Two other stairs were discovered in the walls of the side apses; their purpose is not clear. The floor is lined with ceramic tiles forming decorative patterns. The interior was lined with innumerable built-in pitchers, which usually serve in Eastern Orthodox churches as resonators but in this case were scored to produce decorative effects. For this reason, the central nave has never been painted.

The church was built before 1183 and survived intact, depicted in the 1840s by Michał Kulesza, until 1853, when the south wall collapsed, due to its perilous location on the high bank of the Neman. During restoration works, some fragments of 12th-century frescoes were discovered in the apses. Remains of four other churches in the same style, decorated with pitchers and coloured stones instead of frescoes, were discovered in Hrodna and Vaŭkavysk. They all date back to the turn of the 13th century, as do remains of the first stone palace in the Old Hrodna Castle.

In 2004, the church was included in the Tentative List of UNESCO's World Heritage Sites.

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Details

Founded: 1183
Category: Religious sites in Belarus

More Information

en.wikipedia.org

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4.8/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Joseph Brown (12 months ago)
There is no greater education than standing upon the ground of history!
David Franklin (20 months ago)
Awesum place to visit
Gleb Dorogokupets (2 years ago)
It’s my church. I was born in this city, and always come back to visit. It is always a spiritual place, very beautiful and holy. Thank you for restoring it and keeping it original.
Marco Guida in Laos (2 years ago)
Nice church in a beautiful park only 5 min outside the city center
Vlad Mikhnevich (2 years ago)
Historic place. Borisoglebsk Church, Kolozhskaya Church or simply Kolozha is one of the surviving architectural structures of Belarus from the period of Old Russia. The only surviving (in distorted form) monument of black Russian architecture. Located on the high bank of the Neman River. Together with the complex of monuments of Zamkovaya Gora it is declared a historical and architectural reserve. Included among the sites proposed by the Government of Belarus as candidates for inclusion in the UNESCO World Heritage List
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