The Turkansaari Open-Air Museum consists over 40 museum buildings. The buildings include for example a church built in 1694 and the old country manor house of Ylikärppä, completed in 1894. In Turkansaari, you can see the old trades that the region’s economy used to revolve around, including tar-making, salmon fishing, lumbering and log floating.
Turkansaari church was built as the chapel in 1694. At that time Turkka Island was a bustling marketplace for Oulu River. The island, however, lost its position as a marketplace and the market ran out of grip in the 1700s. Been abandoned for a long time the church was demolished and sold to be used as the fishermen warehouse in 1814.
Local inhabitant Östen Elfving bought the church in the early 1920s. The church was moved back to its original position in Turkka Island in 1922. Because the original interior was not preserved, Turkansaari church was restored using parts from the other equivalent small churches built in the 17th century. The front door is from the Enontekiö Markkina church. The pulpit is a model copied from the old church of Sodankylä.
Sirmione castle was built near the end of the 12th century as part of a defensive network surrounding Verona. The castle was maintained and extended first as part of the Veronese protection against their rivals in Milan and later under the control of the Venetian inland empire. The massive fortress is totally surrounded by water and has an inner porch which houses a Roman and Medieval lapidary. From the drawbridge, a staircase leads to the walkways above the walls, providing a marvellous view of the harbour that once sheltered the Scaliger fleet. The doors were fitted with a variety of locking systems, including a drawbridge for horses, carriages and pedestrians, a metal grate and, more recently, double hinged doors. Venice conquered Sirmione in 1405, immediately adopting provisions to render the fortress even more secure, fortifying its outer walls and widening the harbour.
Thanks to its strategical geographical location as a border outpost, Sirmione became a crucial defence and control garrison for the ruling nobles, retaining this function until the 16th century, when its role was taken up by Peschiera del Garda.