The Turkansaari Open-Air Museum consists over 40 museum buildings. The buildings include for example a church built in 1694 and the old country manor house of Ylikärppä, completed in 1894. In Turkansaari, you can see the old trades that the region’s economy used to revolve around, including tar-making, salmon fishing, lumbering and log floating.
Turkansaari church was built as the chapel in 1694. At that time Turkka Island was a bustling marketplace for Oulu River. The island, however, lost its position as a marketplace and the market ran out of grip in the 1700s. Been abandoned for a long time the church was demolished and sold to be used as the fishermen warehouse in 1814.
Local inhabitant Östen Elfving bought the church in the early 1920s. The church was moved back to its original position in Turkka Island in 1922. Because the original interior was not preserved, Turkansaari church was restored using parts from the other equivalent small churches built in the 17th century. The front door is from the Enontekiö Markkina church. The pulpit is a model copied from the old church of Sodankylä.
The Peace Palace (Vredespaleis) is an administrative building and often called the seat of international law because it houses the International Court of Justice (which is the principal judicial body of the United Nations), the Permanent Court of Arbitration, the Hague Academy of International Law, and the extensive Peace Palace Library. In addition to hosting these institutions, the Palace is also a regular venue for special events in international policy and law. The Palace officially opened on 28 August 1913, and was originally built to provide a symbolic home for the Permanent Court of Arbitration, a court created to end war which was created by treaty at the 1899 Hague Peace Conference.