The history of Hertník castle dates from the first half of the 16th century when the Hertnik domain became a property of the Forgac family from Jelenec (Gymes). Baron Simon Forgac received Hertnik in 1553 from Ferdinand I for his military merits in the Turkish wars. The castle was built to the site of older fortications and it was a four-tower duplex building with a rectangle plan. A big courtyard was bounded by walls with gateway. The wall was strengthened by the bastions and wide water moat. In 1563 the castle was finished, but rebuilt already in the first half of the 17th century. In 1679 the castle was fired by soldiers of Imrich Tokoli, but at the end of the 17th century it was repaired again.
Hertník castle served as a centre of dominion for 350 years. Stefan Forgac sold the grange to Fridrich Leopold from Anhalt in 1857. The nobility from Desau came there only once or twice a year for huntings. At the beginning of the 20th century a Polish count Dembinski wanted to buy the castle, but it was sold together with whole Hertnik to the 'Magyar Fold' company in 1906. In 1907 this company sold the Hertnik's woods to the Jewish traders. They hired 150 workers to process the wood that lived in the wood in the shepherd's hut. The fields in the Hertnik's surrounding were gradually bought by people from Hertnik. In 1910 these woods and the castle became a possession of the Hungarian state. In the Second World War the castle was damaged and repaired in 1952. The last reconstruction was made 1960-1970 and the castle gained his today's face.References:
The famous Italian Medici family have given two queens to France: Catherine, the spouse of Henry II, and Marie, widow of Henry IV, who built the current Luxembourg palace. Maria di Medici had never been happy at the Louvre, still semi-medieval, where the fickle king, did not hesitate to receive his mistresses. The death of Henry IV, assassinated in 1610, left the way open for Marie's project. When she became regent, she was able to give special attention to the construction of an imposing modern residence that would be reminiscent of the Palazzo Pitti and the Boboli Gardens in Florence, where she grew up. The development of the 25-hectare park, which was to serve as a jewel-case for the palace, began immediately.
The architect, Salomon de Brosse, began the work in 1615. Only 16 years later was the palace was completed. Palace of Luxembourg affords a transition between the Renaissance and the Classical period.
In 1750, the Director of the King's Buildings installed in the wing the first public art-gallery in France, in which French and foreign canvases of the royal collections are shown. The Count of Provence and future Louis XVIII, who was living in Petit Luxembourg, had this gallery closed in 1780: leaving to emigrate, he fled from the palace in June 1791.
During the French Revolution the palace was first abandoned and then moved as a national prison. After that it was the seat of the French Directory, and in 1799, the home of the Sénat conservateur and the first residence of Napoleon Bonaparte, as First Consul of the French Republic. The old apartments of Maria di Medici were altered. The floor, which the 80 senators only occupied in 1804, was built in the middle of the present Conference Hall.
Beginning in 1835 the architect Alphonse de Gisors added a new garden wing parallel to the old corps de logis, replicating the look of the original 17th-century facade so precisely that it is difficult to distinguish at first glance the old from the new. The new senate chamber was located in what would have been the courtyard area in-between.
The new wing included a library (bibliothèque) with a cycle of paintings (1845–1847) by Eugène Delacroix. In the 1850s, at the request of Emperor Napoleon III, Gisors created the highly decorated Salle des Conférences, which influenced the nature of subsequent official interiors of the Second Empire, including those of the Palais Garnier.
During the German occupation of Paris (1940–1944), Hermann Göring took over the palace as the headquarters of the Luftwaffe in France, taking for himself a sumptuous suite of rooms to accommodate his visits to the French capital. Since 1958 the Luxembourg palace has been the seat of the French Senate of the Fifth Republic.