Husum castle is the only manor-castle on the western coast of Schleswig-Holstein and highlights the important role that Husum has always played for the western part of the state.
Duke Adolf von Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorf (1526-1586) erected the castle in the Dutch Renaissance style between 1577 and 1582. He was the first ruler of this dukedom which had been formed by means of the settlement of an estate in 1544; the dukedom existed until the 17th century. Descendents of various lineage from the duke sat on the Swedish throne, became czars of Russia and grand dukes of Oldenburg. Duke Adolf used the Husum Castle as a residence during his stays on the west coast.
The Danish castles Frederiksborg and Rosenborg in Copenhagen, both constructed later, are very similar to the Husum castle with its seven towers and the red brick walls divided by lighter colored lines. Artisans, above all from western Europe, were involved in the construction which was extremely modern at the time.
The castle Museum with Royal salons, the chapel and other rooms can be visited. On appointment, guided tours are also available.References:
Angelokastro is a Byzantine castle on the island of Corfu. It is located at the top of the highest peak of the island"s shoreline in the northwest coast near Palaiokastritsa and built on particularly precipitous and rocky terrain. It stands 305 m on a steep cliff above the sea and surveys the City of Corfu and the mountains of mainland Greece to the southeast and a wide area of Corfu toward the northeast and northwest.
Angelokastro is one of the most important fortified complexes of Corfu. It was an acropolis which surveyed the region all the way to the southern Adriatic and presented a formidable strategic vantage point to the occupant of the castle.
Angelokastro formed a defensive triangle with the castles of Gardiki and Kassiopi, which covered Corfu"s defences to the south, northwest and northeast.
The castle never fell, despite frequent sieges and attempts at conquering it through the centuries, and played a decisive role in defending the island against pirate incursions and during three sieges of Corfu by the Ottomans, significantly contributing to their defeat.
During invasions it helped shelter the local peasant population. The villagers also fought against the invaders playing an active role in the defence of the castle.
The exact period of the building of the castle is not known, but it has often been attributed to the reigns of Michael I Komnenos and his son Michael II Komnenos. The first documentary evidence for the fortress dates to 1272, when Giordano di San Felice took possession of it for Charles of Anjou, who had seized Corfu from Manfred, King of Sicily in 1267.
From 1387 to the end of the 16th century, Angelokastro was the official capital of Corfu and the seat of the Provveditore Generale del Levante, governor of the Ionian islands and commander of the Venetian fleet, which was stationed in Corfu.
The governor of the castle (the castellan) was normally appointed by the City council of Corfu and was chosen amongst the noblemen of the island.
Angelokastro is considered one of the most imposing architectural remains in the Ionian Islands.