Husum castle is the only manor-castle on the western coast of Schleswig-Holstein and highlights the important role that Husum has always played for the western part of the state.

Duke Adolf von Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorf (1526-1586) erected the castle in the Dutch Renaissance style between 1577 and 1582. He was the first ruler of this dukedom which had been formed by means of the settlement of an estate in 1544; the dukedom existed until the 17th century. Descendents of various lineage from the duke sat on the Swedish throne, became czars of Russia and grand dukes of Oldenburg. Duke Adolf used the Husum Castle as a residence during his stays on the west coast.

The Danish castles Frederiksborg and Rosenborg in Copenhagen, both constructed later, are very similar to the Husum castle with its seven towers and the red brick walls divided by lighter colored lines. Artisans, above all from western Europe, were involved in the construction which was extremely modern at the time.

The castle Museum with Royal salons, the chapel and other rooms can be visited. On appointment, guided tours are also available.

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Details

Founded: 1577-1582
Category: Castles and fortifications in Germany
Historical period: Reformation & Wars of Religion (Germany)

Rating

4.3/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Clayton Soares (9 months ago)
Unfortunately the palace was shut due to corona but the surrounding park and environment was pleasant for a picnic.
Lisa Schanz (2 years ago)
Nice
Jojo W (3 years ago)
Very intersteimg exhibition and tour for little money. 10/10 recommend
Satya Menon (3 years ago)
Exhilarating experience,a must visit between Syelt and Hamburg
Brian Sullivan (3 years ago)
Building is not suuuper impressive but still cool to see. Especially the moat. But the attached park is really quite nice. Would happily return.
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Lorca Castle

Castle of Lorca (Castillo de Lorca) is a fortress of medieval origin constructed between the 9th and 15th centuries. It consists of a series of defensive structures that, during the Middle Ages, made the town and the fortress an impregnable point in the southeast part of the Iberian Peninsula. Lorca Castle was a key strategic point of contention between Christians and Muslims during the Reconquista.

Archaeological excavations have revealed that the site of the castle has been inhabited since Neolithic times.

Muslim Era

It has not been determined exactly when a castle or fortress was first built on the hill. The first written documentation referring to a castle at Lorca is of Muslim origin, which in the 9th century, indicates that the city of Lurqa was an important town in the area ruled by Theudimer (Tudmir). During Muslim rule, Lorca Castle was an impregnable fortress and its interior was divided into two sections by the Espaldón Wall. In the western part, there was an area used to protect livestock and grain in times of danger. The eastern part had a neighbourhood called the barrio de Alcalá.

After Reconquista

Lorca was conquered by the Castilian Infante Don Alfonso, the future Alfonso X, in 1244, and the fortress became a key defensive point against the Kingdom of Granada. For 250 years, Lorca Castle was a watchpoint on the border between the Christian kingdom of Murcia and the Muslim state of Granada.

Alfonso X ordered the construction of the towers known as the Alfonsina and Espolón Towers, and strengthened and fixed the walls. Hardly a trace of the Muslim fortress remained due to this reconstruction. Muslim traces remain in the foundation stones and the wall known as the muro del Espaldón.

The Jewish Quarter was found within the alcazaba, the Moorish fortification, separated from the rest of the city by its walls. The physical separation had the purpose of protecting the Jewish people in the town from harm, but also had the result of keeping Christians and Jews separate, with the Christians inhabiting the lower part of town.

The remains of the Jewish Quarter extended over an area of 5,700 square m, and 12 homes and a synagogue have been found; the synagogue dates from the 14th century and is the only one found in the Murcia. The streets of the town had an irregular layout, adapted to the landscape, and is divided into four terraces. The synagogue was in the central location, and around it were the homes. The homes were of rectangular shape, with various compartmentalized rooms. The living quarters were elevated and a common feature was benches attached to the walls, kitchens, stand for earthenware jars, or cupboards.

Modern history

With the disappearance of the frontier after the conquest of Granada in 1492, Lorca Castle no longer became as important as before. With the expulsion of the Jews by order of Ferdinand and Isabella, Lorca Castle was also depopulated as a result. The castle was abandoned completely, and was almost a complete ruin by the 18th century. In the 19th century, the castle was refurbished due to the War of Spanish Independence. The walls and structures were repaired or modified and its medieval look changed. A battery of cannons was installed, for example, during this time. In 1931 Lorca Castle was declared a National Historic Monument.

Currently, a parador (luxury hotel) has been built within the castle. As a result, archaeological discoveries have been found, including the Jewish Quarter.