Glücksburg Castle

Glücksburg, Germany

Glücksburg Castle is one of the most important Renaissance castles in northern Europe. It is the seat of the House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg and was also used by the Danish kings. Situated on the Flensburg Fjord the castle is now a museum owned by a foundation, and is no longer inhabited by the ducal family.

The castle was built from 1582 to 1587 by Nikolaus Karie for John II, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg, (1545-1622) at the site of an former monastery, the building material was partly reused in the castle. The grounds of the monastery were then flooded to create a large pond almost entirely surrounding the castle.

The castle is built on a 2.5 metres high granite foundation that emerges from the water. The bricks used for the construction were mainly taken from the demolished monastery. The base area is a square with sides of nearly 30 metres, consisting of three separate houses with their own roofs. While the great halls and the vestibule are situated in the middle house, the living space is in the two side houses. The chapel is the only room that is part of two houses.

The building had typical renaissance adornments, that were removed in the 19th century, otherwise the exterior has remained more or less unchanged for over 400 years.

The kitchen garden created in 1622 was the castles only garden until the eighteenth century, as the old monastery garden was lost with the construction of the pond, that was built as defence structure, but also used for fishing. Between 1706 and 1709 a small pleasure garden was created in the area of today's rose garden. From 1733 on, a baroque garden was laid out in the main park in front of the outer buildings, where an orangery was constructed in 1743.

In the twentieth century, the formal gardens were remodelled into English landscape parks, though the sections of the older garden remain. The orangery was renovated in 1827 into a neoclassic building, and is now used for art expositions and concerts.

The Glücksburger Rosarium was created in the area of the former castle nursery in 1990/91, and grows more than 500 different roses. In contrast to the castle gardens, it is a private garden and has an admission fee.

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Details

Founded: 1582-1587
Category: Castles and fortifications in Germany
Historical period: Reformation & Wars of Religion (Germany)

Rating

4.4/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Sarah Hansen (19 months ago)
This is a really interesting and must see place if you are visiting Flensborg. It's free enterance and is full of history, allowing you to get a true insight into how life was. Be brave if you go to the dungeons, it's not for the faint hearted (like me). The only thing that was disappointing is that there was not enough information in other languages, 95% was German, so for tourists it can be a little hard. But do give it a visit because you don't always need a language to understand everything when the displays show so much! Take a long walk around the grounds, it's beautiful :)
d00lph1n (19 months ago)
Really nice experience.
Beatriz Passos (20 months ago)
Very beautiful castle and the area around is super nice for a walk. It was out of season so I couldn't visit inside the castle. Really have to go there again :)
Shalom Fernando (2 years ago)
Just like everyone says it does look like a castle from fairytales. But make sure to check opening times especially during the winter.
Freestyler ACE (2 years ago)
Beautiful, the restaurant within the castle grounds is wonderful! The grounds are picturesque and would make a nice romantic picnic location.
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