King St. Stephen established a bishopric of Pécs in 1009. The origins of the Bishop's Palace reach back to the 12th century. First it was inhabited by the French Bishop Bonipert and later on by the Hungarian Bishop Mor. Just like the cathedral, the palace is a piece of stylistic history. The Gothic windows and Roman layout are hidden by the Neo-Renaissance facade. Preserved in the smokery is the wooden tobacco-pipe of the priest of Ibafa. Exhibitions about the lives of Bishops and of the interiors of the Bishop’s Palace will soon be open to the general public. The inner garden and the secret, underground hallway connecting the garden with the Bishop’s Cellar will be open to visitors as well.
On the eastern side of the Cathedral we can find the Classicist, late Baroque building of the Capitular Archives and the Parish, built during the time of Bishop Klimo. It was built based on the plans of the famous architect Sartory. Besides prebendary rooms it contains capitular archives, precious document of the cathedral archives, a drawings collection and the parish heritage records. The forged gate of the Bishop’s Crypt, built under the Archives in 1747, is an elaborate piece of art. The neighboring Dom lapidary is one of the most important statue collections of the art of Medieval Hungary: the original Roman-age sculptures, sculpture fragments and reliefs decorated with biblical scenes are all kept here.References:
The Beckov castle stands on a steep 50 m tall rock in the village Beckov. The dominance of the rock and impression of invincibility it gaves, challenged our ancestors to make use of these assets. The result is a remarkable harmony between the natural setting and architecture.
The castle first mentioned in 1200 was originally owned by the King and later, at the end of the 13th century it fell in hands of Matúš Èák. Its owners alternated - at the end of the 14th century the family of Stibor of Stiborice bought it.
The next owners, the Bánffys who adapted the Gothic castle to the Renaissance residence, improved its fortifications preventing the Turks from conquering it at the end of the 16th century. When Bánffys died out, the castle was owned by several noble families. It fell in decay after fire in 1729.
The history of the castle is the subject of different legends. One of them narrates the origin of the name of castle derived from that of jester Becko for whom the Duke Stibor had the castle built.
Another legend has it that the lord of the castle had his servant thrown down from the rock because he protected his child from the lords favourite dog. Before his death, the servant pronounced a curse saying that they would meet in a year and days time, and indeed precisely after that time the lord was bitten by a snake and fell down to the same abyss.
The well-conserved ruins of the castle, now the National Cultural Monument, are frequently visited by tourists, above all in July when the castle festival takes place. The former Ambro curia situated below the castle now shelters the exhibition of the local history.