Discalced Trinitarians were brought in to Krotoszyn in 1731 by Józef Potocki, the Voivod of Kiev, the then-owner of the town. 1733 saw erection of a cloister building; in 1766–1772, a brick temple was constructed on the site of a previously demolished wooden church. The edifice’s founder was Ludwika Potocka, nee Mniszech; the church building was probably designed by Karol-Marcin Frantz. The Prussian authorities abolished the cloister in 1819. Today, the building houses, inter alia, an art gallery and a Regional Museum, featuring an interesting exhibition illustrating the history of the town. The temple functions as a parish church.
The baroque single-nave church of Saint Apostles Peter and Paul is an edifice of a diversified solid, with rounded quoins. It is covered by a multi-hipped roof, with an ave-bell on the ridge. Adjacent to the nave at the west is a tower topped with a cupola featuring a lantern. The interior’s uniform late-baroque outfit dates to 1772–1775. A boat-shaped pulpit is an attractive feature.
The former cloister’s standalone storied building is founded on a rectangular projection. Covered by a three-hipped roof, it has in its western elevation an arcade portal dated ca. 1733. The interiors are covered by a.o. cloister vaults with lunettes; a beam ceiling survives in the vestibule.References:
The Erfurt Synagogue was built c. 1094. It is thought to be the oldest synagogue building still standing in Europe. Thanks to the extensive preservation of the original structure, it has a special place in the history of art and architecture and is among the most impressive and highly rated architectural monuments in Erfurt and Thuringia. The synagogue was constructed during the Middle Ages on the via regia, one of the major European trade routes, at the heart of the historical old quarter very close to the Merchants Bridge and the town hall. Many parts of the structure still remain today, including all four thick outer walls, the Romanesque gemel window, the Gothic rose window and the entrance to the synagogue room.
After extensive restoration, the building was reopened in 2009. On display in the exhibition rooms is an collection of medieval treasures discovered during archaeological excavations. This includes 3,140 silver coins, 14 silver ingots, approx. 6,000 works of goldsmithery from the 13th and 14th centuries and an intricately worked wedding ring of the period, of which only two others are known to exist anywhere in the world. A mikveh (Jewish bath) has been excavated close by (13th/14th century). The Old Synagogue, the Small Synagogue and two Jewish cemeteries together form a network of historical buildings and sites which vividly portray the role of Jewish life in the history of Erfurt.