Borg in-Nadur

Birżebbuġa, Malta

Borġ in-Nadur site contains a megalithic temple as well as the remains of a Bronze Age village which includes the earliest fortifications of Malta. A temple was constructed in the area in around 2500 BC, during the Tarxien phase of Maltese prehistory and the last phase of the Temple period. The architecture shows a typical four-apse plan, although the wall made up of megaliths is quite low. The temple's entrance has two upright megaliths which can still be seen. A large covered niche stands close to the entrance but its capstone is now broken into three pieces.

The temple lacks the artistic decorations associated with similar temples from the era such as Tarxien Temples or Ħaġar Qim. A small cemetery is located about 9m away from the main temple.

In the Bronze Age period, a flourishing village colonized the site of the former temple as well as the surrounding area, which had since been abandoned. The temple was converted into a group of dwellings, and various huts were built in the area around it. The huts' foundations still exist, but they cannot be seen today since they were reburied after being excavated and studied. Scattered sherds were found in a large area all around the temple. Some of these were Mycenaean in origin, indicating that there was direct or indirect contact between the Maltese and Aegean civilization.

The inhabitants fortified their settlement with a 4.5m D-shaped bastion in order to bar access to the village. The wall was built facing inland, showing that the people living in the village were more afraid of attacks from the land than from the sea. After the area was excavated, the wall was not reburied and it still standing. This is believed to be the oldest surviving fortification in Malta.

The cart ruts and silos located in the area around Borġ in-Nadur are also believed to date from the Bronze Age era.

The temple was discovered in the 16th century. The French cleric John Quintin noticed the various scattered megaliths and ruined structures and identified them as the ruins of a sanctuary of Hercules. The first excavations took place two centuries later, when Annetto Caruana dug various trenches inside the temple complex and discovered the Bronze Age fortification.



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Founded: 2500 BC
Category: Prehistoric and archaeological sites in Malta

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3.8/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Ryan Smith (16 months ago)
This was included in the very advantageous and recommended thirty day Heritage Malta Multisite Pass. The site was overgrown and could use some pruning, so one can better appreciate the setting.
British Shorthair By Precioushearts (17 months ago)
We didnt have the 60+ heritage pass but we had a valid 60+ ID card and the attendant refused to let us in when there were no poeple there. Way to go Malta to get people to see their heritage.... instead of being able to use a Govt issued legal card you have to go through a rigmarole of applying at your Council in person. In this day and age seems they are not au courant with online applications to cut bureaucratic red tape!
Anastassiya O (2 years ago)
It was disappointing because it had only a few stones without the form of temple. The historical combo tickets include it, the ghar dhalam cave, hagar qim and tarxien temples.
David Cepec (3 years ago)
Very small place. Information table only before entry but the bonus is a beautiful view
Michael Vella (5 years ago)
A very small temple in the middle of a field. Not much info about it on site. You need to visit the adjacent Ghar Dalam site to get info. Nice for a quick 10 minute visit and a few photos.
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