Church of Our Lady on the Lawn

Prague, Czech Republic

The Gothic Church of Our Lady on the Lawn is quite a small Gothic building which was built beside the monastery of Servites. The church was founded 24 March 1360 by Charles IV. and was built between 1360 and 1375.

During the Hussite period the monastery was robbed by Prague´s citizens in 1420 and probably also burnt down. The nave was newly vaulted in the late-Gothic period (probably from 1436 to 1480). The Servites probably returned to the monastery shortly after the ending of Hussite Wars which is obvious from documented financial gift to the monastery in 1439. The repair of the church took place after 1480. It was mostly financed by financial support of various donors. Through the numerous donations the monastery was very poor and around 1480 the monks left it. Then monastery passed to the royal holding.

The unstable period around the year 1648 did not allowed bigger construction works in monastery. The reparation took place several years later during the 1760s. Seventeen monks lived in the monastery in 1710. The reconstruction of the buildings finished in 1726. The Servites´s highlighting period was on the beginning of the 18th century. The amount of supporters and donors was growing. The monastery bought near so called Dlouhoveský house with chapel in 1707, which the monastery afterwards sold to establish the convent of Alžbětinky.

The monastery was seriously damaged by the bombs during the Seven Year´ War in 1757. The Servite order was cancelled in 1786. The Church of Our Lady on the Lawn was secularized in 1783. The monastery became an artillery barrack in the years 1785 – 1792, then it was a lodging house and then it became a military educational institute in the years 1822-1850. The monastery was enlarged and rebuilt in 1856 in order to place there the institute of mentally ill. The church was sanctified again in 1856.

The church was filled with baroque furniture during the 18th century and it received new altar in 1732. After cancelling the Servites Order in Prague and unhollying the church its artistic inventor had been spread. The monastery has received some paintings and sculptures, four of them we can still see in their church. We can see a copy of Florentine painting Annunciation Virgin Mary in the monastery.

The equipment in the church comes from the period of the architect Bernard Grueber and it is mostly in the pseudo-gothic style. There is a painting of Annunciation Virgin Mary on the main altar from 1857 by Leopold Kupelwieser. There are two side altars on the sides of victory arch, the altar of Saint Anna on the south wall and the altar of Saint Joseph on the north wall. The organs and holly water font are from Grueber´s workshop.

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Details

Founded: 1360
Category: Religious sites in Czech Republic

More Information

en.wikipedia.org

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User Reviews

Mario Haß (2 years ago)
Kleines gotisches Gebäude was aber Innen sin Reits hat, sehr schön...
Мгер Симонян (3 years ago)
Храм Благовещения Пресвятой Богородицы на Слупах расположен в долине реки Ботиче под Вышеградом, в Новом городе. Небольшое готическое здание было построено при монастыре сервитов. Основной частью интерьера является каменный столб, на котором держится неф костела. Император Священной Римской империи Карл IV Великий основал в 1360 году монастырь на южной стороне Нового города Праги. Первый камень храма Благовещения Пресвятой Богородицы на Слупах был заложен весной 1360 года. Карл IV пригласил в Прагу итальянских монахов-сервитов из ордена служителей Девы Марии. Квадратный неф храма с крестовым сводом был возведен на одном каменном столбе. Это было первое строение подобного типа в Европе. Впоследствии оно стало образцом для строительства многих европейских храмов. В 1419-20 гг. церковь подверглась разорению. Шли гуситские войны. На руинах храма были установлены пушки – гуситы стреляли отсюда по Вышеграду. Костёл был выжжен дотла. Вместе с ним сгорели шестьдесят монахов-сервитов. Тела мучеников были захоронены в храме (сейчас их усыпальница находится перед амвоном). В 1666 году на это место вновь пришли сервиты. Они восстановили монастырь, отстроили храм. Вновь обитель была закрыта уже в ходе реформ австрийского императора – Йозефа II. Монастырь был распущен, костел осквернен. В нем размещались казармы, мастерские ремесленников. Разоренное здание перестраивалось и использовалось для разных целей. С 1856 года в нем помещалась клиника для душевнобольных. В 1858-62 гг. проводилась реставрация. Руководил работами архитектор, профессор Бернард Грубер. Здание было восстановлено в неоготическом стиле. От первоначальной постройки сохранилось немногое. В 2005 году с одного ребра здания была снята штукатурка. По этому фрагменту можно судить, как выглядел храм до реставрации. С 1918 года храм перешел в ведение государства. В нём продолжали молиться прихожане римско-католической церкви. С февраля 1990 года церковное здание было передано православной церкви Чехии для верующих из Восточной Словакии и Закарпатья. В 1995 году, перед праздником Пасхи, католический приход окончательно покинул храм. 22.04.1995 года здесь проводилось уже православное богослужение.
Petr Pauš (3 years ago)
Hezký kamenný kostelík. Uvnitř jsem nebyl, ale zvenku vypadá dobře.
Vladimir Pecha (4 years ago)
Skromná ale nádherná jednoduchá stavba se čtvercovou lodí, pětibokým presbytářem a v průčelí se štíhlou věží (dnes) v novogotickém slohu spolu s přilehlým konventem pod Vyšehradem má kořeny ve 14. století. Pojmenování „Na Slupi“ pochází ze staročeského "slup" (sloup), protože klenba kostela spočívá na jediném sloupu - pilíři. Císař Josefa II. klášter zrušil, kostel byl odsvěcen, a sloužil jako vojenské skladiště. Od roku 1995 je v užívání pravoslavné církve. Zajímavost: barokně upravená věž, je v jistém směru pražským unikátem – je vychýlena od svislice o 63 centimetrů. The modest but beautiful simple building with a square space, (nowadays) in the Neo-Gothic style, along with the adjacent convention below Vysehrad, has it´s roots in the 14th century. The name "Na Slupi" comes from the Old Bohemian "slup" (column) because the vault of the church rests on a single pillar. Emperor Joseph II. abolished the monastery, the church was deserted, and served as a military depot. Since 1995, it has been used by the Orthodox Church. Interesting fact: the Baroque tower, it is unique - it is 63 inches tilted from the vertical line.
Slavek Husek (4 years ago)
Not only in Pisa there is an inclined tower
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