Meaux Cathedral

Meaux, France

Meaux Cathedral construction began between 1175-1180, when a structure in Romanesque style was started. Defects in the original design and construction had to be corrected in the 13th century, in which the architect Gautier de Vainfroy was much involved. He had to remove the previous cathedral almost totally and start a new structure in Gothic style. In the later 13th century work was often interrupted due to lack of funds, a problem removed by the generosity of Charles IV in the early 14th century. Further progress was interrupted by the Hundred Years' War and occupation by the English.

The archives of the diocese were destroyed in 1793 – 1794, thus deleting much knowledge about the early history of the church. The composer Pierre Moulu worked at the cathedral in the early 16th century.

The design of the cathedral, because of its construction period, encompasses several periods of Gothic art. The cathedral rises to a height of 48 meters; inside, the vaults at the choir rise to 33 meters. The interior ornamentation is noted for its smoothness, and the space for its overall luminosity. The cathedral contains a famous organ, built in the 17th century.

References:

Comments

Your name



Details

Founded: 1175-1180
Category: Religious sites in France
Historical period: Birth of Capetian dynasty (France)

Rating

4.5/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Sandy Jarry (12 months ago)
Top
daisy AknCrdz (15 months ago)
Very impressive building worth a visit.
Antoine M (17 months ago)
This is one impressive and utterly beautiful cathedral in Meaux, east of Paris. This is Gothic style architecture at its most stupendous! The western façades, flanked by three magnificent portals is breathtaking (though there's currently some repair works happening when I visited, but not interrupt the overall presence). This cathedral replaced an earlier Romanesque style architecture that was too run-down and thus redone in its current Gothic style. Inside is just breathtaking with so many intricate features like the elevated liturgical choir of five vessels, central vessels and double collaterals (the aisles vessels of the nave)! There's a tower surmounting it in flamboyant style with utterly rich decorative transept. One other outstanding feature is the luminosity of the interior, breathtaking! Some well known tombs in this cathedral; of Jacques Bénigne Bossuet (refer to Dijon cathedral), Marie of France (Countess of Champagne, elder daughter of Louis VII of France and Eleanor of Aquitane), and Saint Fiacre of Breuil). There's so much to appreciate about this stunning cathedral both inside and outside which is also framed by a vast courtyard, a bishopric palace and a beautiful garden, Jardin Bossuet. Absolutely a must visit if you are visiting Meaux.
Rose doe (17 months ago)
Under construction at the moment but still pretty!
Sarah Pouzar (2 years ago)
It was so lovely, felt like a humble place but packed witb so much history and charm
Powered by Google

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

Kirkjubøargarður

Kirkjubøargarður ('Yard of Kirkjubøur', also known as King"s Farm) is one of the oldest still inhabited wooden houses of the world. The farm itself has always been the largest in the Faroe Islands. The old farmhouse dates back to the 11th century. It was the episcopal residence and seminary of the Diocese of the Faroe Islands, from about 1100. Sverre I of Norway (1151–1202), grew up here and went to the priest school. The legend says, that the wood for the block houses came as driftwood from Norway and was accurately bundled and numbered, just for being set up. Note, that there is no forest in the Faroes and wood is a very valuable material. Many such wood legends are thus to be found in Faroese history.

The oldest part is a so-called roykstova (reek parlour, or smoke room). Perhaps it was moved one day, because it does not fit to its foundation. Another ancient room is the loftstovan (loft room). It is supposed that Bishop Erlendur wrote the 'Sheep Letter' here in 1298. This is the earliest document of the Faroes we know today. It is the statute concerning sheep breeding on the Faroes. Today the room is the farm"s library. The stórastovan (large room) is from a much later date, being built in 1772.

Though the farmhouse is a museum, the 17th generation of the Patursson Family, which has occupied it since 1550, is still living here. Shortly after the Reformation in the Faroe Islands in 1538, all the real estate of the Catholic Church was seized by the King of Denmark. This was about half of the land in the Faroes, and since then called King"s Land (kongsjørð). The largest piece of King"s Land was the farm in Kirkjubøur due to the above-mentioned Episcopal residence. This land is today owned by the Faroese government, and the Paturssons are tenants from generation to generation. It is always the oldest son, who becomes King"s Farmer, and in contrast to the privately owned land, the King"s Land is never divided between the sons.

The farm holds sheep, cattle and some horses. It is possible to get a coffee here and buy fresh mutton and beef directly from the farmer. In the winter season there is also hare hunting for the locals. Groups can rent the roykstovan for festivities and will be served original Faroese cuisine.

Other famous buildings directly by the farmhouse are the Magnus Cathedral and the Saint Olav"s Church, which also date back to the mediaeval period. All three together represent the Faroe Island"s most interesting historical site.