Nový Hrádek Castle

Znojmo, Czech Republic

The ruins of Nový Hradek castle dates from the 14th century, on a promontory overlooking Dyje river. It is situated in the National Park Podyjí, accessible from the villages Podmolí or Lukov, but only on foot or by bicycle.

The first historically proven owners of this territory were the Premonstratensian monks from the Louka monastery in Znojmo, who exchanged it with the Moravian Margrave John Henry von Luxembourg in 1358. He was the one who established – on the narrowest place of the rocky stripe, perched some 80 metres high above the level of Dyje – the so-called Lower Castle as a fortified settlement used for his occasional hunting outings. The lower moat wall has been preserved to this day, with its unique inner oval wall that is up to three metres thick in some places. The castle was substantially reconstructed to withstand the Hussite wars in the 15th century.

In the 16th century, this reconstructed aristocratic seat changed hands between several owners during a relatively short period of time. They added more fortification measures on the northern side – a massive wall and a bastion with loopholes.

In the 17th century during the rule of the Scherfenbergs, the terror of the Thirty Years’ War reached Nový Hrádek. The surrounding villages were plundered, and the insufficiently protected castle was – for unknown reasons – taken and partially demolished by the Swedish army lead by General Torstenson in 1645. Since then, the military importance of the castle has been only marginal. The damaged parts were not renovated.

In 1799, Nový Hrádek received a new owner – the Polish count Stanislav von Mniszek, who reconstructed one of the older buildings in the large courtyard (probably in 1800), and later established a storage and sales department for the stoneware produced in his factory in Vranov. Following the romantic fashion of his period, he also reconstructed the Upper Castle, and adjusted it for short-term outings and hunting events he liked to hold with his family and guests. His daughter and heiress Luitgarde of Stadnice later continued with these activities, and in the second half of the 19th century she ordered the extension and reinforcement of the garden terraces on the south-eastern slope.

The natural, as well as the historic and architectural values of the castle are really outstanding. They were also recognised by the Czech government, which declared Nový Hrádek, together with the Vranov State Chateau, a National Cultural Monument in 2002. By this measure, the supreme executive body of the state expressed the statement that Nový Hrádek represents a valuable source of material culture, and that it belongs to the group of monuments representing the most important part of the nation’s cultural heritage.

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Znojmo, Czech Republic
See all sites in Znojmo

Details

Founded: 1358
Category: Castles and fortifications in Czech Republic

More Information

www.novy-hradek.eu

Rating

4.7/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Petra Králová (3 years ago)
Nádherné místo plné romantiky a historie. Měli jsme skvělého průvodce
Milena Srbová (3 years ago)
Nadherne okoli, rozlehla zricenina, unikatni lokalita pro nej... strom, 4 druhy uzovek, "hnojnik" :-) a lucni kvetenu. Jedna z nejlepsich prohlidek v podani mlade dvojice pruvodcu. Vtipna, zajimava, se spoustou detailu... Parkoviste v zatacce, vlevo ze smeru od Usteka. Cesta zacina prudce dolu, dobre znacena, cca 3 km tam I zpet, rychlou verzi. Stoji za navstevu. Mozne vystoupat na vez.
Ing. Andrea Šandová (3 years ago)
Milá paní průvodkyně nejen historií, ale i faunou, flórou i vyjmenovanymi slovy
Jana B (3 years ago)
Romantická zřícenina nového a starého hrádku v jednom je nejlépe dostupná pěšky či na kole z Lukova cca 3 km. Cesta vede mezi poli po cestě, kde stával ostnatý drát, dále pokračuje lesem. Prohlídka je s průvodcem. My měli štěstí na šikovného, vtipného a poutavě vyprávějícího studenta, který nám prohlídku podal nejen historicky, ale seznámil nás i s místní flórou a faunou, dějiny propojil s nedalekou Kajou z Rakouska. Prohlídka byla zakončena výstupem na "věž" Nového hrádku, odkud je fantastický pohled do nitra Nového hrádku, na hradby Starého hrádku a celý NP Podyjí - meandry Dyje, jezy v místech bývalých mlýnů, poloostrov Umlauf a Vraní skály. Genius loci !
Slavomír Prkno (4 years ago)
Be sure they have openinig hours, else you end up only infront of gate...
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