Nidzica Castle

Nidzica, Poland

Nidzica castle construction was begun around 1370. The Pfleger of the Teutonic Knights made it his residence in 1409. On 12t July 1410, the undefended castle was captured by the Polish forces on their way into the interior of the State of the Teutonic Order. At the time of the Hunger War of 1414 the castle was put under siege by the Polish knights and taken after eight days on the 6th of July. In 1454 the castle was occupied by the Prussian Union and in February 1455 was taken by the Czech army led by Jan Kolda ze Zampachu, who had repulsed an attack an by the forces of the Teutonic Knights on 28 April.

In 1517 the inner ward was built up and reinforced. In 1784 a fire consumed the innter ward. In 1812 the castle was devastated by French forces. The castle was rebuilt from 1828-1830 into a court and a prison. The Soviet army bombarded the castle in 1945 and it remained in ruins until its rebuilding in 1961-1965.

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Address

Zamkowa 2, Nidzica, Poland
See all sites in Nidzica

Details

Founded: 1370
Category: Castles and fortifications in Poland

More Information

en.wikipedia.org

Rating

4.5/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Sanjay Rai (2 months ago)
View òf castel in Beautiful.Amazing place must be visited once again.
Sky Wanderer (9 months ago)
The view from the castle is really spectacular. This is one of the places you would like to return again and again. Regarding the castle itself - well, it looks quite good - not everything is yet renovated, work is still in progress. But the view from the castle - really worth it. If passing by, highly recommend to visit.
Hilda Németh (9 months ago)
The castle is relatively small, but it situated in the most amazing nature and surroundings, we loved it! The interior has bern burned by the Red Army, but it has been replaced with very nice pieces from different eras.
Zsuzsanna Ortutay (10 months ago)
A crowded place on a rainy day during the holiday season. Information about the castle is provided in different languages, even in Hungarian! They accept credit cards for payment and speak English.
Andrew Marcus (11 months ago)
Swear to God this place is haunted. No joke. I stayed here for two nights on a surprise trip with my Polish wife and in-laws. The view was amazing and that whole region has a very "bond-esque" feeling, which was awesome in the winter.. On the first night my mother in law claimed she saw and felt a ghost presence... I thought she was trying to freak me out until on the second night I had an experience of my own.. I felt something in the room the whole night and was afraid to go to sleep. It smelled kind of musty and that triggered my knowledge of the supernatural even further along with the change in temperature in the room (frequently getting cold, then warm etc..). Went outside to catch a cigarette and had an eerie encounter with some old man walking up the stairs to a restricted area, way past bedtime.. read the same magazine for 5 hours until the sun came up. But over all it was a fantastic time! I'll be back but won't be staying the night!
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Porta Nigra

The Porta Nigra (Latin for black gate) is the largest Roman city gate north of the Alps. It is designated as part of the Roman Monuments, Cathedral of St. Peter and Church of Our Lady in Trier UNESCO World Heritage Site. The name Porta Nigra originated in the Middle Ages due to the darkened colour of its stone; the original Roman name has not been preserved. Locals commonly refer to the Porta Nigra simply as Porta.

The Porta Nigra was built in grey sandstone between 186 and 200 AD. The original gate consisted of two four-storied towers, projecting as near semicircles on the outer side. A narrow courtyard separated the two gate openings on either side. For unknown reasons, however, the construction of the gate remained unfinished. For example, the stones at the northern (outer) side of the gate were never abraded, and the protruding stones would have made it impossible to install movable gates. Nonetheless, the gate was used for several centuries until the end of the Roman era in Trier.

In Roman times, the Porta Nigra was part of a system of four city gates, one of which stood at each side of the roughly rectangular Roman city. The Porta Nigra guarded the northern entry to the Roman city, while the Porta Alba (White Gate) was built in the east, the Porta Media (Middle Gate) in the south, and the Porta Inclyta (Famous Gate) in the west, next to the Roman bridge across the Moselle. The gates stood at the ends of the two main streets of the Roman Trier, one of which led north-south and the other east-west. Of these gates, only the Porta Nigra still exists today.

In the early Middle Ages the Roman city gates were no longer used for their original function and their stones were taken and reused for other buildings. Also iron and lead braces were broken out of the walls of the Porta Nigra for reuse. Traces of this destruction are still clearly visible on the north side of the gate.

After 1028, the Greek monk Simeon lived as a hermit in the ruins of the Porta Nigra. After his death (1035) and sanctification, the Simeonstift monastery was built next to the Porta Nigra to honor him. Saving it from further destruction, the Porta Nigra was transformed into a church: The inner court of the gate was roofed and intermediate ceilings were inserted. The two middle storeys of the former gate were converted into church naves: the upper storey being for the monks and the lower storey for the general public. The ground floor with the large gates was sealed, and a large outside staircase was constructed alongside the south side (the town side) of the gate, up to the lower storey of the church. A small staircase led further up to the upper storey. The church rooms were accessible through former windows of the western tower of the Porta Nigra that were enlarged to become entrance doors (still visible today). The top floor of the western tower was used as church tower, the eastern tower was leveled, and an apse added at its east side. An additional gate - the much smaller Simeon Gate - was built adjacent to the East side of the Porta Nigra and served as a city gate in medieval times.

In 1802 Napoleon Bonaparte dissolved the church in the Porta Nigra and the monastery beside it, along with the vast majority of Trier"s numerous churches and monasteries. On his visit to Trier in 1804, Napoleon ordered that the Porta Nigra be converted back to its Roman form. Only the apse was kept; but the eastern tower was not rebuilt to its original height. Local legend has it that Napoleon originally wanted to completely tear down the church, but locals convinced him that the church had actually been a Gaulish festival hall before being turned into a church. Another version of the story is that they told him about its Roman origins, persuading him to convert the gate back to its original form.

In 1986 the Porta Nigra was designated a World Heritage Site, along with other Roman monuments in Trier and its surroundings. The modern appearance of the Porta Nigra goes back almost unchanged to the reconstruction ordered by Napoleon. At the south side of the Porta Nigra, remains of Roman columns line the last 100 m of the street leading to the gate. Positioned where they had stood in Roman times, they give a slight impression of the aspect of the original Roman street that was lined with colonnades. The Porta Nigra, including the upper floors, is open to visitors.