The Roman ruins of Vaison-la-Romaine are among some of the most important in France. Easily accessible, the two main sites that are open to the public - Puymin and La Villasse - can be found in the town centre. At la Villasse there is a Roman street leading to more baths, and the Maison au Buste d‚ÄôArgent, an impressive villa with mosaic floors and its own baths.
Royal Palace of Naples was one of the four residences near Naples used by the¬†Bourbon¬†Kings during their rule of the¬†Kingdom of the Two Sicilies¬†(1734-1860): the others were the palaces of¬†Caserta,¬†Capodimonte¬†overlooking Naples, and the third¬†Portici, on the slopes of¬†Vesuvius.
Construction on the present building was begun in the 17th century by the architect¬†Domenico Fontana. Intended to house the King¬†Philip III of Spain¬†on a visit never fulfilled to this part of his kingdom, instead it initially housed the Viceroy¬†Fernando Ruiz de Castro, count of¬†Lemos. By 1616, the facade had been completed, and by 1620, the interior was frescoed by¬†Battistello Caracciolo,¬†Giovanni Balducci, and¬†Belisario Corenzio. The decoration of the¬†Royal Chapel of Assumption¬†was not completed until 1644 by¬†Antonio Picchiatti.
In 1734, with the arrival of¬†Charles III of Spain¬†to Naples, the palace became the royal residence of the Bourbons. On the occasion of his marriage to¬†Maria Amalia of Saxony¬†in 1738,¬†Francesco De Mura¬†and¬†Domenico Antonio Vaccaro¬†helped remodel the interior. Further modernization took place under¬†Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies. In 1768, on the occasion of his marriage to¬†Maria Carolina of Austria, under the direction of¬†Ferdinando Fuga, the great hall was rebuilt and the court theater added. During the second half of the 18th century, a 'new wing' was added, which in 1927 became the¬†Vittorio Emanuele III National Library. By the 18th century, the royal residence was moved to¬†Reggia of Caserta, as that inland town was more defensible from naval assault, as well as more distant from the often-rebellious populace of Naples.
During the Napoleonic occupation the palace was enriched by¬†Joachim Murat¬†and his wife,¬†Caroline Bonaparte, with¬†Neoclassic¬†decorations and furnishings. However, a fire in 1837 damaged many rooms, and required restoration from 1838 to 1858 under the direction of¬†Gaetano Genovese. Further additions of a¬†Party Wing¬†and a¬†Belvedere¬†were made in this period. At the corner of the palace with¬†San Carlo Theatre, a new facade was created that obscured the viceroyal palace of¬†Pedro de Toledo.
In 1922, it was decided to transfer here the contents of the¬†National Library. The transfer of library collections was made by 1925.
The library suffered from¬†bombing during World War II¬†and the subsequent military occupation of the building caused serious damage. Today, the palace and adjacent grounds house the famous¬†Teatro San Carlo, the smaller Teatrino di Corte (recently restored), the¬†Biblioteca Nazionale Vittorio Emanuele III, a museum, and offices, including those of the regional tourist board.