Château de Créminil was built in 1443 by La May family to the site of older fortification (destroyed by English Army). In 1540 Créminil was owned by Hugues de Buleux (advisor to the regent of the Netherlands and grand bailiff of Aire). After the castle was burned in 1543 it was rebuilt in the 17th century.
In 1670 it was owned by Antoine de Wignacourt and from 1687 till the Revolution by the Merchiers family. Until 1978 Créminil Castle was owned by a Mrs Lhéritier whose family had it since the Revolution.
This late medieval castle consists of an irregular polygon with twelve sides, built on a small mound surrounded by large round moat fed by water from the Laquet stream. In the 18th century 3 sides of polygon to the south were torn down and replaced by a terrace lined with stone balusters to provide a better view of the surrounding gardens. Also the facades of the buildings on the courtyard were rebuilt.References:
Roman Walls of Lugo are an exceptional architectural, archaeological and constructive legacy of Roman engineering, dating from the 3rd and 4th centuries AD. The Walls are built of internal and external stone facings of slate with some granite, with a core filling of a conglomerate of slate slabs and worked stone pieces from Roman buildings, interlocked with lime mortar.
Their total length of 2117 m in the shape of an oblong rectangle occupies an area of 1.68 ha. Their height varies between 8 and 10 m, with a width of 4.2 m, reaching 7 m in some specific points. The walls still contain 85 external towers, 10 gates (five of which are original and five that were opened in modern times), four staircases and two ramps providing access to the walkway along the top of the walls, one of which is internal and the other external. Each tower contained access stairs leading from the intervallum to the wall walk of town wall, of which a total of 21 have been discovered to date.
The defences of Lugo are the most complete and best preserved example of Roman military architecture in the Western Roman Empire.
Despite the renovation work carried out, the walls conserve their original layout and the construction features associated with their defensive purpose, with walls, battlements, towers, fortifications, both modern and original gates and stairways, and a moat.
Since they were built, the walls have defined the layout and growth of the city, which was declared a Historical-Artistic Ensemble in 1973, forming a part of it and becoming an emblematic structure that can be freely accessed to walk along. The local inhabitants and visitors alike have used them as an area for enjoyment and as a part of urban life for centuries.
The fortifications were added to UNESCO"s World Heritage List in late 2000 and are a popular tourist attraction.