Chateaux of Pas-de-Calais

Château de Boulogne-sur-Mer

The Château de Boulogne-sur-Mer was built in the 13th century by Philippe Hurepel (1180-1234), count of Boulogne and son of Philip II of France. Following the death of his half-brother, king Louis VIII after a short three-year reign, Hurepel was one of the leaders of a rebellion against the regent, Blanche de Castille, mother of the minor Louis IX. He constructed castles at Calais and Hardelot and refortified Boulog ...
Founded: 13th century | Location: Boulogne-sur-Mer, France

Château de Villers-Châtel

Château de Villers-Châtel, built in the 14th century, belonged to the lord of Gournai during the siege of Arras in 1414. The family Habarcq owned the castle until the middle of the 17th century. After several owners, Nicolas Mazel Leval bought the chateau in 1747 and restored it. During the World War I, the castle was converted into a field hospital.
Founded: 14th century | Location: Villers-Châtel, France

Château de Bernicourt

The first Château de Bernicourt was built around 1374 but the current one dates from 1743.
Founded: 1743 | Location: Roost-Warendin, France

Château d'Esquelbecq

Château d"Esquelbecq was built in 1606 to the site of ancient fort from the 9th century. The square form castle with eight turrets is surrounded by moat and accessed by two bridges. Today Esquelbecq castle is privately owned and cannot be visited.
Founded: 1606 | Location: Esquelbecq, France

Château d'Olhain

The Château d'Olhain is probably the most famous castle of the Artois region. It is located in the middle of a lake which reflects its picturesque towers and curtain walls. It was also a major stronghold for the Artois in medieval times and testimony to the power of the Olhain family, first mentioned from the 12th century. The existence of the castle was known early in the 13th century, but the present construction is l ...
Founded: 15th century | Location: Fresnicourt-le-Dolmen, France

Château de Potelle

Château de Potelle was built around 1290 by Gilles de Mortagne. It has been looted and damaged in wars (1477, 1654, 1712 and 1793). The last restoration was made in 1817. The gate house was erected in the 13th-14th centuries and may have been located to the site of ancient Roman castrum. The chapel was moved to the courtyard of in 1519. Today Château de Potelle is a private home.
Founded: 1290 | Location: Potelle, France

Donjon de Bours

Château or Donjon de Bours was most likely built in the 12th century by Hugues de Bours. Originally it would have had a bailey defended by a crenellated wall guarding several outbuildings. Both the bailey and the castle would have been moated. At present all traces of the bailey are gone. Bours Castle is a keep built out of sandstone and has a rectangular plan with six corbelled turrets. It has walls of 70 cm thick and ...
Founded: 12th century | Location: Bours, France

Château de Rametz

Château de Rametz was built in the 18th century to the grounds of former 14th century castle. The originally square form castle has four round corner towers and it is surrounded by the moat. Today it is a private home.
Founded: 18th century | Location: Saint-Waast, France

Château d'Esnes

Château d"Esnes was built originally in 1007 by Alard Esnes. Today"s castle dates mainly from the 15th and 18th centuries. The original medieval castle was surrounded by a moat. Since the French Revolution, the castle served as farm building. It was also a German prison for Russian soldiers during the First World War.
Founded: 1007 | Location: Esnes, France

Château d'Audignies

Château d"Audignies was probably built by Guillaume de Sars who lived in 1370-1438. The castle was rebuilt with two-storey tower in the early 17th century. Today the castle consists of three wings arranged in square and surrounded by a moat. A coat of arms of lords Du Mont dominates the entrance of the drawbridge.
Founded: 15th century | Location: Audignies, France

Château de Varlemont

Château de Varlemont in Barly was built between 1782-1784 by Vindicien Blin. Due the Great Revolution it was abandoned and moved to the hands of Arras bishop in 1812-1818. Later it was left to decay until the bought by Jacques d"Antin Vaillac in 1970. Today Château de Varlemont represents the pure Louis XVI style.
Founded: 1782-1784 | Location: Barly, France

Château de Tramecourt

The construction of the Château de Tramecourt started in 1615 by the Tramecourt family to the site of medieval castle. It was transformed into a mansion in 1740. The work continued since 1848.
Founded: 1615 | Location: Tramecourt, France

Château de Créminil

Château de Créminil was built in 1443 by La May family to the site of older fortification (destroyed by English Army). In 1540 Créminil was owned by Hugues de Buleux (advisor to the regent of the Netherlands and grand bailiff of Aire). After the castle was burned in 1543 it was rebuilt in the 17th century. In 1670 it was owned by Antoine de Wignacourt and from 1687 till the Revolution by the Merchiers family. Until 19 ...
Founded: 1443 | Location: Estrée-Blanche, France

Château de la Motte Fénelon

Château de la Motte Fénelon was designed in 1850 by the famous Parisian architect Jacques Ignace Hittorff. It was built for Alphonse Brabant de Leau (1818-1881) and called first Château de Morenchies according the former commune near Cambrai. In 1962 it was bought by the Maison Familiale group. The castle was renamed in 1975 after its new owner families. During the both World Wars the château was ...
Founded: 1850 | Location: Cambrai, France

Château de Grand-Rullecourt

The fortified Flemish castle château de Grand-Rullecourt with its towers and crow’s-foot gables overlooks the road from Avesnes-le-Comte to Lucheux. The lords of Rullecourt were the generous donors of land to the Abbey of Mont-St-Eloi. Joan of Arc passed there as a prisoner in 1430. Antoine-Constant de Hamel started to build the new castle in 1746. After the French Revolution, the chateau was sold as a nation ...
Founded: 1746 | Location: Grand-Rullecourt, France

Château de Grand-Rullecourt

Château de Grand-Rullecourt was built in 1746 by Antoine-Constant de Hamel, next to the previous castle. After the French Revolution, the chateau was sold as a national asset, (Antoine"s son having died on the scaffold). His grandson bought it back but couldn"t afford to keep it. It later belonged to Captain Wallerand de Hauteclocque, who was killed during World War I. After the war, the property was sold ...
Founded: 1746 | Location: Grand-Rullecourt, France

Château de Trélon

Château de Trélon originates from the 11th century, when it was owned by the d"Avesnes family. In 1478 the castle was besieged by John of Luxembourg. It has been damaged, burned and rebuilt serveral times during the history. The current castle was built in the early 1700s.
Founded: 12th century | Location: Trélon, France

Château de Liettres

Château de Liettres was probably built some years before 1479 by Sir Simon de Luxembourg, provost of the church of Saint-Omer. In that year it was burned by the progressing army of Maximilian I of Austria. In 1542 Liettres Castle was again burned and partly destroyed by the troops of the Duke of Vendome. Shortly thereafter the castle was bought by Jean de Zomberghe after which it remained in the hands of his descendants ...
Founded: 1470s | Location: Liettres, France

Château de Couin

Château de Couin was built between 1745 and 1749 by the Landas family. It was designed by the architect d"Huez. The next owner, the Louvencourt family, continued the work in the 19th century. During the First World War the castle was a headquarters of British army medical care. Today Château de Couin is a hotel.
Founded: 1745-1749 | Location: Couin, France

Château de Goeulzin

Château de Goeulzin dates originally from the late 1200s. It was severely damaged in 1521 and 1582 in the wars. The reconstruction took place in 1576 and it was moved as a mansion in the early 1600s. The chateau was looted and destroyed by German troops in the World War I. It has been in ruins since the
Founded: 16th century | Location: Gœulzin, France

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

Trinity Sergius Lavra

The Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius is a world famous spiritual centre of the Russian Orthodox Church and a popular site of pilgrimage and tourism. It is the most important working Russian monastery and a residence of the Patriarch. This religious and military complex represents an epitome of the growth of Russian architecture and contains some of that architecture’s finest expressions. It exerted a profound influence on architecture in Russia and other parts of Eastern Europe.

The Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius, was founded in 1337 by the monk Sergius of Radonezh. Sergius achieved great prestige as the spiritual adviser of Dmitri Donskoi, Great Prince of Moscow, who received his blessing to the battle of Kulikov of 1380. The monastery started as a little wooden church on Makovets Hill, and then developed and grew stronger through the ages.

Over the centuries a unique ensemble of more than 50 buildings and constructions of different dates were established. The whole complex was erected according to the architectural concept of the main church, the Trinity Cathedral (1422), where the relics of St. Sergius may be seen.

In 1476 Pskovian masters built a brick belfry east of the cathedral dedicated to the Descent of the Holy Spirit on the Apostles. The church combines unique features of early Muscovite and Pskovian architecture. A remarkable feature of this church is a bell tower under its dome without internal interconnection between the belfry and the cathedral itself.

The Cathedral of the Assumption, echoing the Cathedral of the Assumption in the Moscow Kremlin, was erected between 1559 and 1585. The frescoes of the Assumption Cathedral were painted in 1684. At the north-western corner of the Cathedral, on the site of the western porch, in 1780 a vault containing burials of Tsar Boris Godunov and his family was built.

In the 16th century the monastery was surrounded by 6 meters high and 3,5 meters thick defensive walls, which proved their worth during the 16-month siege by  Polish-Lithuanian invaders during the Time of Trouble. They were later strengthened and expanded.

After the Upheaval of the 17th century a large-scale building programme was launched. At this time new buildings were erected in the north-western part of the monastery, including infirmaries topped with a tented church dedicated to Saints Zosima and Sawatiy of Solovki (1635-1637). Few such churches are still preserved, so this tented church with a unique tiled roof is an important contribution to the Lavra.

In the late 17th century a number of new buildings in Naryshkin (Moscow) Baroque style were added to the monastery.

Following a devastating fire in 1746, when most of the wooden buildings and structures were destroyed, a major reconstruction campaign was launched, during which the appearance of many of the buildings was changed to a more monumental style. At this time one of the tallest Russian belfries (88 meters high) was built.

In the late 18th century, when many church lands were secularized, the chaotic planning of the settlements and suburbs around the monastery was replaced by a regular layout of the streets and quarters. The town of Sergiev Posad was surrounded by traditional ramparts and walls. In the vicinity of the monastery a number of buildings belonging to it were erected: a stable yard, hotels, a hospice, a poorhouse, as well as guest and merchant houses. Major highways leading to the monastery were straightened and marked by establishing entry squares, the overall urban development being oriented towards the centrepiece - the Ensemble of the Trinity Sergius Lavra.

In 1993, the Trinity Lavra was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List.