Bassano del Grappa Castle

Bassano del Grappa, Italy

The fortifications in Bassano del Grappa was mentioned already in 998. Bishop of Vicenza donated the town in the late 12th century to Ecelo I, founder of later powerful family of Ezzelini. The oldest structures of castle still present date from the 12th and 13th centuries.

In 1411 during the war between the Republic of Venice and the Kingdom of Hungary its fortifications resisted the attacks of Emperor Sigismund of Luxembourg. The castle was later conquered by Maximilian I of Habsburg during the War of the League of Cambrai in 1508. After it was decommissioned and the left to decay.

Today the castle, after restoration, is used to display temporary exhibitions and theater performances.

Comments

Your name



Details

Founded: 12th century
Category: Castles and fortifications in Italy

Rating

4.3/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Gianni Mason (4 months ago)
At the entrance the slender, but at the same time imposing, Torre Bolzonella (today called of Ser Ivano - robber of Ezzelino III) announces the structure of the castle protected by two walls. It is over 30 meters high and was an impregnable defense 'machine', autonomous and isolated from the castle itself. The castle, like all ancient military artifacts guarding strategic territorial positions after all, has a very long history that goes back to pre-Roman times. The wall structures handed over to us by time date back to the first decades of the 12th century and had their maximum splendor at the time of the powerful Ezzelini dynasty, a Germanic family very close and related to the Emperor, who settled here definitively after the vicissitudes that saw it retreat from the castle of Onara (Padua) and then from that of Castel di Godego (Treviso) to settle in the nearby castle of Romano. The castle remained in perfect efficiency even with the successive dominations of the Visconti and the Scaligeri, to finally pass to the Serenissima in 1404. It was a perfect war machine to protect the important walled city and the obligatory transit route at the mouth of the mountains, so much so that it could easily resist even the 'new' weapons, the first bombards deployed by the Hungarians and the Emperor Sigismund in the siege of 1411/12. Then nothing could in 1508 against the new type of war when the city was overwhelmed, despite the strenuous defense in Valsugana by the 'difficult' Canalotti, by the imposing troops fielded by the League of Cambrai at the helm of Maximilian of Austria against Venice. , which was one step away from being destroyed. Only the 'brand new' fortifications of Padua and Treviso saved the Serenissima. With the Venetian 'pax' the city loses its role as a strategic node along the corridor descending from the Alps and gradually transforms itself into a lively commercial and artisan city. The fate of the castle was marked from the first decades of the sixteenth century and the military works slowly fell into oblivion and were partially reused for other purposes. In modern times, excluding the 'private' parts, we are given a series of structures in a serious state of neglect and even invaded by wild vegetation until the showy collapse of 1928. A long and careful restoration that lasted until a few years ago it now allows us to understand the complex structure also with a guided tour on the spectacular and panoramic walkway.
Stefano Bortolon (5 months ago)
The castle is the oldest part of the city, an absolutely obligatory stop for those visiting Bassano, you can also go around the garden of the walls passing through a small gate on the right. The summer opera festival that holds concerts / shows there is also a big initiative. Too bad it is little used and that in part it needs restoration to renew its luster. I recommend to go and inquire about its historical significance.
Ishmael Dalli (2 years ago)
Quaint ancient place overlooking Brenta River
Roland Tóth (2 years ago)
Nice
Patrizia Franzina (2 years ago)
Merita sicuramente una visita questo antico castello in parte crollato. La camminata sulle mura è senza dubbio interessante e sopratutto permette di ammirare un bellissimo panorama sulla valle e sul ponte degli alpini.
Powered by Google

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

Cesis Castle

German crusaders known as the Livonian Brothers of the Sword began construction of the Cēsis castle (Wenden) near the hill fort in 1209. When the castle was enlarged and fortified, it served as the residence for the Order's Master from 1237 till 1561, with periodic interruptions. Its ruins are some of the most majestic castle ruins in the Baltic states. Once the most important castle of the Livonian Order, it was the official residence for the masters of the order.

In 1577, during the Livonian War, the garrison destroyed the castle to prevent it from falling into the control of Ivan the Terrible, who was decisively defeated in the Battle of Wenden (1578).

In 1598 it was incorporated into the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and Wenden Voivodship was created here. In 1620 Wenden was conquered by Sweden. It was rebuilt afterwards, but was destroyed again in 1703 during the Great Northern War by the Russian army and left in a ruined state. Already from the end of the 16th century, the premises of the Order's castle were adjusted to the requirements of the Cēsis Castle estate. When in 1777 the Cēsis Castle estate was obtained by Count Carl Sievers, he had his new residence house built on the site of the eastern block of the castle, joining its end wall with the fortification tower.

Since 1949, the Cēsis History Museum has been located in this New Castle of the Cēsis Castle estate. The front yard of the New Castle is enclosed by a granary and a stable-coach house, which now houses the Exhibition Hall of the Museum. Beside the granary there is the oldest brewery in Latvia, Cēsu alus darītava, which was built in 1878 during the later Count Sievers' time, but its origins date back to the period of the Livonian Order. Further on, the Cēsis Castle park is situated, which was laid out in 1812. The park has the romantic characteristic of that time, with its winding footpaths, exotic plants, and the waters of the pond reflecting the castle's ruins. Nowadays also one of the towers is open for tourists.