Phaistos is an Bronze Age archaeological site at modern Phaistos, a municipality in south central Crete. The was the second largest ancient palace in Crete.

Phaistos was inhabited from about 4000 BC. The palace, dating from the Middle Bronze Age (2000 BC), was destroyed by an earthquake during the Late Bronze Age. Knossos along with other Minoan sites was destroyed at that time. The palace was rebuilt toward the end of the Late Bronze Age. Around 1400 BC, the invading Achaeans destroyed Phaistos, as well as Knossos. The palace appears to have been unused thereafter, as evidence of the Mycenaean era have not been found.

The new inhabitance began during the Geometric Age and continued to historical times (8th century BC onwards), up to the 3rd century, when the city was finally destroyed by neighboring Gortyn.

Phaistos had its own currency and had created an alliance with other autonomous Cretan cities, and with the king of Pergamon Eumenes II. Around the end of the 3rd century BC, Phaestos was destroyed by the Gortynians and since then ceased to exist in the history of Crete.


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Founded: 2000 BC
Category: Prehistoric and archaeological sites in Greece


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User Reviews

Péter Bíró (38 days ago)
Simply magnificent! One can spend hours admiring the remains if the palace, and is much less crowded as Knossos, but much comparable. Although, the restoration works were not as complete as in Knossos, but we found this place simply better and more close to us, than the most hyped one. It does worth a visit!
Ines (2 months ago)
Highly recommended! Definitely less crowded that the more famous site on Crete and easier to navigate. So well preserved. Staff are all very knowledgeable. It is such an interesting culture ?
Marcel van Beekum (2 months ago)
If you like history this is a must see on Crete, an enormous complex where you can actually walk between the walls of this historical palace. One friendly advice, there is not much shade so try to plan your visit when it is not so hot. We were here around 26 degrees and some wind so perfect day ?
Roel Hesp (10 months ago)
Worth a visit if you're interested in Minoan history. A smaller complex than the one at Knossos, but you could easily spend more than an hour here reading about the history on the signs dotted around the place. Personally I prefer this palace over the one at Knossos, as this complex was spared the drive by Evans to reconstruct everything.
irsch (12 months ago)
Must see on Crete. Very interesting site, not crowded. Decent amount of descriptions are provided. Surrounding area is marvelous, olive trees as far as the eye can see.
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