Miranda de Ebro Castle

Miranda de Ebro, Spain

The castle of Miranda de Ebro is located on Picota hill and offers great views of the city and the mountains that surround it. The origins of the castle date from 1358, when Tello of Castille asked the bishopric of Calahorra for the land to construct a castle at the top of the hill of La Picota, a place that was at that time occupied by the church of Santa Maria. Nevertheless, the construction did not begin until 1449, when Pedro Sarmiento occupied the church. Construction was delayed until 1485 and were directed by the expert stonecutter Juan Guas.

The fact that Miranda has been always a border region has caused the castle to witness the consequences of war on numerous occasions, and was continuously redeveloped. The most recent conflict it saw was during the War of Independence of Spain and the Carlist Wars, that left the castle in ruins. Perhaps the most important event of the fortress's history occurred during the War of Spanish Independence, when Jose Bonaparte signed the decree of use of the French currency in Spain at the castle.

In 1903, the city council, which was at the time the owner of the castle, decided to dismantle it. The stone from the castle was used for the construction of the bullring (today disappeared), the ruins of the castle were covered with earth and used as the foundations for the construction of a water tank.

Today only the north wall is visible, between the King's Battery and the Queen's Battery. Also preserved, though hidden by vegetation, is the East-West wall and a circular tower in the southwestern edge, which was probably crenellated. The entrance to the fortification was through a barbican: a small defensive system that consisted of a series of entrance halls before the front door. It also had a pit on the west side that looks towards the rest of the hill of the Picota.

The castle was constructed of ashlar masonry stone, or at least the external walls, while the rest was completed with rubble.

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Details

Founded: 1449
Category: Castles and fortifications in Spain

More Information

en.wikipedia.org

Rating

4.3/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Ornella Petrazzini (6 months ago)
We went up at 1:20 pm and it was closed
Pedro Benito Urbina (7 months ago)
Medieval fortification, currently part of its remains have been recovered and valued. It is located on the hill of La Picota, in the heart of the old town.
Griselda Olga Castro (2 years ago)
Nice walk with great views of the city. First we have spent a 6 minute video explaining some history and then you lift up stairs or ramps. The visit is free. All the way is surrounded by varied species of plants in winter but in spring do not look to be a wonderful show.
RGR Rigel (2 years ago)
Great view and nice music concerts on Fridays in July
Gbemi Cinto (2 years ago)
Very lovely place to look at the whole city and learn about plant
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