Repora Open-Air Museum

Prague, Czech Republic

In Prague you can come across an intriguing open-air museum that imitates a medieval village. The Řepora Open-Air Museum can be found in the southwest part of Prague. This medieval village was built as a replica of a fourteenth-century village and allows visitors to get acquainted with the kind of environment that surrounded people under the reigns of Charles IV and Wenceslas IV.

No modern technologies, only natural materials were used during the construction of the open-air museum, and the construction procedures used were the same as those actually used in the 14th century. The village, whose construction started in 1999, is surrounded with a wooden palisade and you enter it through a gate with towers. In the village you can visit a medieval tavern, a farmer's house, potter's house, as well as the gallows and many other interesting sites and houses. The settlement does not lack life, on the contrary, you can meet farm animals such as sheep and goats here, while in the lakes there are several kinds of fish and also crawfish, in addition to the people representing the original inhabitants.

If you are lucky, there will be a cultural event such as a swordplay tournament or a musical performance while you are there. If you decide to visit the Řepora Open-Air Museum, we recommend taking the metro B line to the Stodůlky metro station, from where it is only a walk of a few minutes to reach the museum. There is no possibility for parking in the premises of the village and the path leading to it is not suitable for cars.



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Founded: 1999
Category: Museums in Czech Republic

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4/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Petr Šnajdr (7 months ago)
Nice place, it's a pity that it was closed and after it burned down it was probably just sad :-(
Мими Gadget (7 months ago)
It was great but burned down yesterday
Michal Hrdlička (9 months ago)
There probably won't be free access today, will there? It looks good, I just got it a little out of hand and go there to keep it closed, I don't really want it ??? Thanks
Vladimir Pecha (15 months ago)
The local open-air museum tries to evoke the most faithful idea of ​​14th century Czech folk architecture and life in a medieval town. It was built on the site of a former brick clay mining plant and is still being built with the help of contemporary building technologies and exclusively from natural materials. The village is surrounded by a wooden palisade and unfortunately a high metal fence. I arrived at the open-air museum, at least taking a few pictures from the outside, but it didn't work out. Never mind, I'll give another try in the summer of 2020. The local open-air museum tries to evoke the most faithful idea of ​​the 14th century Czech folk architecture and life in a medieval town. It was built on the site of a former brick clay mining plant and made with the help of contemporary building technologies and exclusively from natural materials. The village is surrounded by wooden palisade and unfortunately a high metal fence. I arrived at the open-air museum outside of the summer season, with the least taking of a few pictures from outside, but failed. Never mind, I'll give you another try in the summer of 2020.
Karel Tomas (2 years ago)
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Pembroke Castle

Pembroke Castle is a Norman castle, founded in 1093. It survived many changes of ownership and is now the largest privately owned castle in Wales. It was the birthplace of Henry Tudor (later Henry VII of England) in 1457.

Pembroke Castle stands on a site that has been occupied at least since the Roman period. Roger de Montgomerie, 1st Earl of Shrewsbury founded the first castle here in the 11th century. Although only made from earth and wood, Pembroke Castle resisted several Welsh attacks and sieges over the next 30 years. The castle was established at the heart of the Norman-controlled lands of southwest Wales.

When William Rufus died, Arnulf de Montgomery joined his elder brother, Robert of Bellême, in rebellion against Henry I, William's brother and successor as king; when the rebellion failed, he was forced to forfeit all his British lands and titles. Henry appointed his castellan, but when the chosen ally turned out to be incompetent, the King reappointed Gerald in 1102. By 1138 King Stephen had given Pembroke Castle to Gilbert de Clare who used it as an important base in the Norman invasion of Ireland.

In August 1189 Richard I arranged the marriage of Isabel, de Clare's granddaughter, to William Marshal who received both the castle and the title, Earl of Pembroke. He had the castle rebuilt in stone and established the great keep at the same time. Marshal was succeeded in turn by each of his five sons. His third son, Gilbert Marshal, was responsible for enlarging and further strengthening the castle between 1234 and 1241.

Later de Valence family held Pembroke for 70 years. During this time, the town was fortified with defensive walls, three main gates and a postern. Pembroke Castle became de Valence's military base for fighting the Welsh princes during the conquest of North Wales by Edward I between 1277 and 1295.

Pembroke Castle then reverted to the crown. In the 15th and 16th centuries, the castle was a place of peace until the outbreak of the English Civil War. Although most of South Wales sided with the King, Pembroke declared for Parliament. It was besieged by Royalist troops but was saved after Parliamentary reinforcements arrived by sea from nearby Milford Haven. Parliamentary forces then went on to capture the Royalist castles of Tenby, Haverfordwest and Carew.

In 1648, at the beginning of the Second Civil War, Pembroke's commander Colonel John Poyer led a Royalist uprising. Oliver Cromwell came to Pembroke on 24 May 1648 and took the castle after a seven-week siege. Its three leaders were found guilty of treason and Cromwell ordered the castle to be destroyed. Townspeople were even encouraged to disassemble the fortress and re-use its stone for their purposes.

The castle was then abandoned and allowed to decay. It remained in ruins until 1880, when a three-year restoration project was undertaken. Nothing further was done until 1928, when Major-General Sir Ivor Philipps acquired the castle and began an extensive restoration of the castle's walls, gatehouses, and towers. After his death, a trust was set up for the castle, jointly managed by the Philipps family and Pembroke town council.


The castle is sited on a strategic rocky promontory by the Milford Haven Waterway. The first fortification on the site was a Norman motte-and-bailey. It had earthen ramparts and a timber palisade.

In 1189, Pembroke Castle was acquired by William Marshal. He soon became Lord Marshal of England, and set about turning the earth and wood fort into an impressive Norman stone castle. The inner ward, which was constructed first, contains the huge round keep with its domed roof. Its original first-floor entrance was through an external stairwell. Inside, a spiral staircase connected its four stories. The keep's domed roof also has several putlog holes that supported a wooden fighting-platform. If the castle was attacked, the hoarding allowed defenders to go out beyond the keep's massive walls above the heads of the attackers.

The inner ward's curtain wall had a large horseshoe-shaped gateway. But only a thin wall was required along the promontory. This section of the wall has a small observation turret and a square stone platform. Domestic buildings including William Marshal's Great Hall and private apartments were within the inner ward. The 13th century keep is 23 metres tall with walls up to 6 metres thick at its base.

In the late 13th century, additional buildings were added to the inner ward, including a new Great Hall. A 55-step spiral staircase was also created that led down to a large limestone cave, known as Wogan Cavern, beneath the castle. The cave, which was created by natural water erosion, was fortified with a wall, a barred gateway and arrowslits. It may have served as a boathouse or a sallyport to the river where cargo or people could have been transferred.

The outer ward was defended by a large twin-towered gatehouse, a barbican and several round towers. The outer wall is 5 metres thick in places and constructed from Siltstone ashlar.

Although Pembroke Castle is a Norman-style enclosure castle with great keep, it can be more accurately described as a linear fortification because, like the later 13th-century castles at Caernarfon and Conwy, it was built on a rocky promontory surrounded by water. This meant that attacking forces could only assault on a narrow front. Architecturally, Pembroke's thickest walls and towers are all concentrated on its landward side facing the town, with Pembroke River providing a natural defense around the rest of its perimeter.