Historic City of Toledo

Toledo, Spain

Successively a Roman municipium, the capital of the Visigothic Kingdom, a fortress of the Emirate of Cordoba, an outpost of the Christian kingdoms fighting the Moors and, in the 16th century, the temporary seat of supreme power under Charles V, Toledo is the repository of more than 2,000 years of history. Its masterpieces are the product of heterogeneous civilizations in an environment where the existence of three major religions – Judaism, Christianity and Islam – was a major factor.

Toledo is one of the Spanish cities with the greatest wealth of monuments. Toledo was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1986 for its extensive monumental and cultural heritage.

References:

Comments

Your name



Address

Plaza Mayor 1, Toledo, Spain
See all sites in Toledo

Details

Founded: around 200 BC
Category: Historic city squares, old towns and villages in Spain

Rating

4.6/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

J K (2 years ago)
Impressive gate to the city with lots of local shops selling local delicacies
Anthony Scott (2 years ago)
The architecture in this location as well as in the town of Toledo is so beautiful. Such a nice place to walk and see amazing views and enjoy the town with very nice people
LOLO (3 years ago)
The travelers can take great photos there
Fernando Islas (3 years ago)
I used this as sort of a ‘marker’ because Toledo is a bit of a maze when walking through. I made my way into the city through one side and following roads in one direction and ended up on the complete other side but knowing exactly where I would end up by this monument. It’s huge and I highly suggest taking a couple of pictures while enjoying the scenery around the direct area. There are a couple of shops nearby as well that you should take a quick look at. It’s not much of a walk but it is a great spot to meet up or plan your walking trip around the city
Jorge Mario Montes Restrepo (3 years ago)
Just great. One of the best towns I've seen
Powered by Google

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

Royal Palace of Naples

Royal Palace of Naples was one of the four residences near Naples used by the Bourbon Kings during their rule of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies (1734-1860): the others were the palaces of Caserta, Capodimonte overlooking Naples, and the third Portici, on the slopes of Vesuvius.

Construction on the present building was begun in the 17th century by the architect Domenico Fontana. Intended to house the King Philip III of Spain on a visit never fulfilled to this part of his kingdom, instead it initially housed the Viceroy Fernando Ruiz de Castro, count of Lemos. By 1616, the facade had been completed, and by 1620, the interior was frescoed by Battistello Caracciolo, Giovanni Balducci, and Belisario Corenzio. The decoration of the Royal Chapel of Assumption was not completed until 1644 by Antonio Picchiatti.

In 1734, with the arrival of Charles III of Spain to Naples, the palace became the royal residence of the Bourbons. On the occasion of his marriage to Maria Amalia of Saxony in 1738, Francesco De Mura and Domenico Antonio Vaccaro helped remodel the interior. Further modernization took place under Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies. In 1768, on the occasion of his marriage to Maria Carolina of Austria, under the direction of Ferdinando Fuga, the great hall was rebuilt and the court theater added. During the second half of the 18th century, a 'new wing' was added, which in 1927 became the Vittorio Emanuele III National Library. By the 18th century, the royal residence was moved to Reggia of Caserta, as that inland town was more defensible from naval assault, as well as more distant from the often-rebellious populace of Naples.

During the Napoleonic occupation the palace was enriched by Joachim Murat and his wife, Caroline Bonaparte, with Neoclassic decorations and furnishings. However, a fire in 1837 damaged many rooms, and required restoration from 1838 to 1858 under the direction of Gaetano Genovese. Further additions of a Party Wing and a Belvedere were made in this period. At the corner of the palace with San Carlo Theatre, a new facade was created that obscured the viceroyal palace of Pedro de Toledo.

In 1922, it was decided to transfer here the contents of the National Library. The transfer of library collections was made by 1925.

The library suffered from bombing during World War II and the subsequent military occupation of the building caused serious damage. Today, the palace and adjacent grounds house the famous Teatro San Carlo, the smaller Teatrino di Corte (recently restored), the Biblioteca Nazionale Vittorio Emanuele III, a museum, and offices, including those of the regional tourist board.