Urgnano castle was built in the 14th century to the site of older medieval fort. Throughout history, this Castle belonged to the Republic of Venice and many well-known families, such as Barbarossa, Visconti, Sforza, Malatesta and Colleoni. It was also sold to G. Gerolamo Albani, who became Cardinal Albani in Rome. This castle has been a property of the Municipality since 1953.
The castle has a square plan with a tower at each corner. It is surrounded by a moat, which had a defensive function, and it is made of cotto tiles, a characteristic related to the architectural style of the Visconti. The castle has two entrances. One is part of the massive north tower, which was used to monitor the drawbridge. The other entrance corresponds to the tower on the opposite side of the castle.
The inner area of the castle can be divided into two parts. In the eastern part there is a yard, while in the western part there is a roof garden where you can see nine small caricatures, which in the XVIII century were an expression of the grotesque.References:
Narikala is an ancient fortress overlooking Tbilisi, the capital of Georgia, and the Kura River. The fortress consists of two walled sections on a steep hill between the sulphur baths and the botanical gardens of Tbilisi. On the lower court there is the recently restored St Nicholas church. Newly built in 1996–1997, it replaces the original 13th-century church that was destroyed in a fire. The new church is of 'prescribed cross' type, having doors on three sides. The internal part of the church is decorated with the frescos showing scenes both from the Bible and history of Georgia.
The fortress was established in the 4th century and it was a Persian citadel. It was considerably expanded by the Umayyads in the 7th century and later, by king David the Builder (1089–1125). Most of extant fortifications date from the 16th and 17th centuries. In 1827, parts of the fortress were damaged by an earthquake and demolished.