De Motte van dit kasteel komt naar alle waarschijnlijkheid uit de 10e eeuw, en is opgeworpen om de dreiging komende van de Maas tegen te gaan.

De hoofdburcht of 'Bovenste Slot' omvat een Mottekasteel op een natuurlijke verhoging met een forse mergelstenen donjon uit ca. 1200, 'Witte Toren' genaamd. In de 13e eeuw werd een veelhoekige ringmuur om een binnenplein aangelegd. Van een tegen de ringmuur gebouwde grote zaal met woonvertrekken zijn alleen nog de tongewelfde kelders aanwezig. Van een eveneens 13e-eeuwse vierkante poorttoren aan de noordzijde van de burcht zijn slechts enkele restanten over. De zogenaamde 'Rode Toren' en de puttoren welke ernaast ligt, zijn gebouwd door Jan van Heinsberg en stammen uit ca. 1450.

De voorburcht of 'Benedenste Slot' is lager gelegen dan de hoofdburcht. Een tussengelegen gracht werd rond 1840 gedempt. Van de voorburcht zijn slechts de mergelstenen funderingen overgebleven. De torenvormige toegangspoort in de noordvleugel is 16e-eeuws. Het mansardehelmdak op de poort stamt uit ca. 1730 toen de poort tevens werd verhoogd.

De oostvleugel is een neoclassicistisch gepleisterd landhuis uit twee lagen en dateert uit 1840. De westvleugel uit ca. 1850 omvat een eveneens neoclassicistisch koetshuis met uitspringende hoekdelen. Zowel oost- als westvleugel zijn gebouwd in opdracht van de Luikse familie Grissard. Buiten de omgrachting is een park aangelegd.

De gracht rond de burcht werd oorspronkelijk gevoed door de Putbeek die gevoed werd door de Zonput. Toen de Zonput droogviel schakelde men over op kanaalwater om de gracht te voeden. Tot het landgoed van het kasteel behoorde vroeger ook een windmolen en een watermolen.

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Address

Nederhof 25, Stein, Netherlands
See all sites in Stein

Details

Founded: 13th century
Category: Castles and fortifications in Netherlands

Rating

4.2/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Sandra Vaessen (43 days ago)
Beautiful rural setting with many hiking trails that lead you to various historical sites.
Igor Odicki (2 months ago)
nice place to walk with family and dog
Castle Biker (2 months ago)
Nice ruin with a large tower surrounded by a walking path. Free parking in the immediate vicinity.
Wilbert Schrijvers (2 months ago)
Nice place for a nice walk.
George On tour (2 years ago)
The main castle or "Bovenste Slot" comprises a Motte castle on a natural elevation with a large marlstone keep from about 1200, called "Witte Toren". In the 13th century, a polygonal ring wall was built around a courtyard. Of a large hall with living quarters built against the ring wall, only the arched cellars are left. Only a few remains of a 13th-century square gate tower on the north side of the castle. The so-called "Red Tower" and the well tower, which is next to it, were built by Jan van Heinsberg and date from around 1450 .
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Glimmingehus

Glimmingehus is the best preserved medieval stronghold in Scandinavia. It was built 1499-1506, during an era when Scania formed a vital part of Denmark, and contains many defensive arrangements of the era, such as parapets, false doors and dead-end corridors, 'murder-holes' for pouring boiling pitch over the attackers, moats, drawbridges and various other forms of death traps to surprise trespassers and protect the nobles against peasant uprisings. The lower part of the castle's stone walls are 2.4 meters (94 inches) thick and the upper part 1.8 meters (71 inches).

Construction was started in 1499 by the Danish knight Jens Holgersen Ulfstand and stone-cutter-mason and architect Adam van Düren, a North German master who also worked on Lund Cathedral. Construction was completed in 1506.

Ulfstand was a councillor, nobleman and admiral serving under John I of Denmark and many objects have been uncovered during archeological excavations that demonstrate the extravagant lifestyle of the knight's family at Glimmingehus up until Ulfstand's death in 1523. Some of the most expensive objects for sale in Europe during this period, such as Venetian glass, painted glass from the Rhine district and Spanish ceramics have been found here. Evidence of the family's wealth can also be seen inside the stone fortress, where everyday comforts for the knight's family included hot air channels in the walls and bench seats in the window recesses. Although considered comfortable for its period, it has also been argued that Glimmingehus was an expression of "Knighthood nostalgia" and not considered opulent or progressive enough even to the knight's contemporaries and especially not to later generations of the Scanian nobility. Glimmingehus is thought to have served as a residential castle for only a few generations before being transformed into a storage facility for grain.

An order from Charles XI to the administrators of the Swedish dominion of Scania in 1676 to demolish the castle, in order to ensure that it would not fall into the hands of the Danish king during the Scanian War, could not be executed. A first attempt, in which 20 Scanian farmers were ordered to assist, proved unsuccessful. An additional force of 130 men were sent to Glimmingehus to execute the order in a second attempt. However, before they could carry out the order, a Danish-Dutch naval division arrived in Ystad, and the Swedes had to abandon the demolition attempts. Throughout the 18th century the castle was used as deposit for agricultural produce and in 1924 it was donated to the Swedish state. Today it is administered by the Swedish National Heritage Board.

On site there is a museum, medieval kitchen, shop and restaurant and coffee house. During summer time there are several guided tours daily. In local folklore, the castle is described as haunted by multiple ghosts and the tradition of storytelling inspired by the castle is continued in the summer events at the castle called "Strange stories and terrifying tales".