De Motte van dit kasteel komt naar alle waarschijnlijkheid uit de 10e eeuw, en is opgeworpen om de dreiging komende van de Maas tegen te gaan.

De hoofdburcht of 'Bovenste Slot' omvat een Mottekasteel op een natuurlijke verhoging met een forse mergelstenen donjon uit ca. 1200, 'Witte Toren' genaamd. In de 13e eeuw werd een veelhoekige ringmuur om een binnenplein aangelegd. Van een tegen de ringmuur gebouwde grote zaal met woonvertrekken zijn alleen nog de tongewelfde kelders aanwezig. Van een eveneens 13e-eeuwse vierkante poorttoren aan de noordzijde van de burcht zijn slechts enkele restanten over. De zogenaamde 'Rode Toren' en de puttoren welke ernaast ligt, zijn gebouwd door Jan van Heinsberg en stammen uit ca. 1450.

De voorburcht of 'Benedenste Slot' is lager gelegen dan de hoofdburcht. Een tussengelegen gracht werd rond 1840 gedempt. Van de voorburcht zijn slechts de mergelstenen funderingen overgebleven. De torenvormige toegangspoort in de noordvleugel is 16e-eeuws. Het mansardehelmdak op de poort stamt uit ca. 1730 toen de poort tevens werd verhoogd.

De oostvleugel is een neoclassicistisch gepleisterd landhuis uit twee lagen en dateert uit 1840. De westvleugel uit ca. 1850 omvat een eveneens neoclassicistisch koetshuis met uitspringende hoekdelen. Zowel oost- als westvleugel zijn gebouwd in opdracht van de Luikse familie Grissard. Buiten de omgrachting is een park aangelegd.

De gracht rond de burcht werd oorspronkelijk gevoed door de Putbeek die gevoed werd door de Zonput. Toen de Zonput droogviel schakelde men over op kanaalwater om de gracht te voeden. Tot het landgoed van het kasteel behoorde vroeger ook een windmolen en een watermolen.

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Address

Nederhof 25, Stein, Netherlands
See all sites in Stein

Details

Founded: 13th century
Category: Castles and fortifications in Netherlands

Rating

4.2/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Sandra Vaessen (2 years ago)
Beautiful rural setting with many hiking trails that lead you to various historical sites.
Igor Odicki (2 years ago)
nice place to walk with family and dog
Castle Biker (2 years ago)
Nice ruin with a large tower surrounded by a walking path. Free parking in the immediate vicinity.
Wilbert Schrijvers (2 years ago)
Nice place for a nice walk.
George On tour (3 years ago)
The main castle or "Bovenste Slot" comprises a Motte castle on a natural elevation with a large marlstone keep from about 1200, called "Witte Toren". In the 13th century, a polygonal ring wall was built around a courtyard. Of a large hall with living quarters built against the ring wall, only the arched cellars are left. Only a few remains of a 13th-century square gate tower on the north side of the castle. The so-called "Red Tower" and the well tower, which is next to it, were built by Jan van Heinsberg and date from around 1450 .
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Saint-Eustache

The Church of St Eustace was built between 1532-1632. St Eustace"s is considered a masterpiece of late Gothic architecture. The church’s reputation was strong enough of the time for it to be chosen as the location for a young Louis XIV to receive communion. Mozart also chose the sanctuary as the location for his mother’s funeral. Among those baptised here as children were Richelieu, Jeanne-Antoinette Poisson, future Madame de Pompadour and Molière, who was also married here in the 17th century. The last rites for Anne of Austria, Turenne and Mirabeau were pronounced within its walls. Marie de Gournay is buried there.

The origins of Saint Eustache date back to 13th century. The church became a parish church in 1223, thanks to a man named Jean Alais who achieved this by taxing the baskets of fish sold nearby, as granted by King Philip Augustus. To thank such divine generosity, Alais constructed a chapel dedicated to Sainte-Agnès, a Roman martyr. The construction of the current church began in 1532, the work not being finally completed until 1637. The name of the church refers to Saint Eustace, a Roman general of the second century AD who was burned, along with his family, for converting to Christianity, and it is believed that it was the transfer of a relic of Saint Eustache from the Abbey to Saint-Denis to the Church of Saint Eustache which resulted in its naming. Jeanne Baptiste d"Albert de Luynes was baptised here.

According to tourist literature on-site, during the French Revolution the church, like most churches in Paris, was desecrated, looted, and used for a time as a barn. The church was restored after the Revolution had run its course and remains in use today. Several impressive paintings by Rubens remain in the church today. Each summer, organ concerts commemorate the premieres of Berlioz’s Te Deum and Liszt’s Christus here in 1886.

The church is an example of a Gothic structure clothed in Renaissance detail. The church is relatively short in length at 105m, but its interior is 33.45m high to the vaulting. At the main façade, the left tower has been completed in Renaissance style, while the right tower remains a stump. The front and rear aspects provide a remarkable contrast between the comparatively sober classical front and the exuberant rear, which integrates Gothic forms and organization with Classical details. The L"écoute sculpture by Henri de Miller appears outside the church, to the south. A Keith Haring sculpture stands in a chapel of the church.

The Chapel of the Virgin was built in 1640 and restored from 1801 to 1804. It was inaugurated by Pius VII on the 22nd of December, 1804 when he came to Paris for the coronation of Napoleon. The apse chapel, with a ribbed cul-de-four vault, has at its centre a sculpture of the Virgin and Child of Jean-Baptiste Pigalle that the painter Thomas Couture highlighted by three large paintings.

With 8,000 pipes, the organ is reputed to be the largest pipe organ in France, surpassing the organs of Saint Sulpice and Notre Dame de Paris. The organ originally constructed by P.-A. Ducroquet was powerful enough for the premiere of Hector Berlioz" titanic Te Deum to be performed at St-Eustache in 1855.