Poti Cathedral

Poti, Georgia

Poti Cathedral is an imitation of Hagia Sofia in Istanbul, and it was built in 1906-07 with the great contribution of Niko Nikoladze, the mayor of Poti. Notably, Niko Nikoladze chose the location of the cathedral in the center of the town to make it viewable from every side of Poti.

A. Zelenko and M. Marfeld were the architects of this Neo-Byzantine cathedral and the capacity of the church is 2,000 people. The ornaments and decorations are modeled after the medieval Christian cathedrals in the Trabzonmountains. The Poti Cathedral has three iconostases and among the main decoration of the iconostasis are the icons of St. Nino, St. Andrew the First Called, and the St. David the Builder.

This is one of the earliest examples of reinforced concrete applied to a church. The Hennebique system was employed following a project made by the office's engineers in Paris. Several projects were made, but because of the bad soil, a traditional solution in masonry was not adequate. So, the reinforced concrete was used for the foundations and the entire structure, domes comprised.

In 1923, after the Red Army invasion of Georgia, the Communist government turned it into a theater and the bells were donated to the industrialization foundation. In 2005, the cathedral was restored to the Georgian Orthodox Church.

References:

Comments

Your name

Website (optional)



Address

E60 24, Poti, Georgia
See all sites in Poti

Details

Founded: 1906-1907
Category: Religious sites in Georgia

More Information

en.wikipedia.org

Rating

4.7/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

vlD noni (16 months ago)
nádherný kostel
Giorgi Bekurashvili (2 years ago)
Beautiful and modern church
Mariam Kvitsiani (3 years ago)
It's a beautiful church, with interesting history. Nothing like traditional Georgian-style church, it was supposed to imitate Hagia Sofia. During Soviet era, it was transformed into a theater, but since then it went back to being a church.
Bacho Zarra (3 years ago)
1895 წლის 17 ივნისს რუსეთის იმპერატორმა ქუთაისის სამხედრო გუბერნატორს ნება დართო, შექმნილიყო ფოთის საკათედრო ტაძრის მშენებლობის განსაკუთრებული კომიტეტი, რომლის ხელმძღვანელობა დაევალა ნიკო ნიკოლაძეს, რომელსაც განუზრახავს ქართული არქიტექტურული სტილის ტაძრის აგება, სათანადო პროექტიც შექმნილა, მაგრამ როგორც ირკვევა იგი რუსულმა მმართველობამ დაიწუნა, შემდგომ კი არქიტექტორების ზელენკოსა და მარფელდის მიერ შემუშავებულ იქნა ახალი პროექტი კონსტანტინეპოლში არსებული წმ. სოფიას ტაძრის მიხედვით. იგი წარმოადგენდა თითქმის მის ზუსტ ასლს, შემცირებული მასშტაბით. ტაძარი 2000 მლოცველზე იყო გათვალისწინებული. ფოთის საკათედრო ტაძარი 2011 წელს 1906 წლის 14 სექტემბერს, ჯვართამაღლების დღესასწაულზე, გურია-სამეგრელოს ეპისკოპოსმა გიორგიმ (ალადაშვილი) ტაძრის საძირკველი საზეიმო ვითარებაში აკურთხა. საბჭოთა მმართველობის დროს ტაძარში აიკრძალა ღვთისმსახურება და შენობა გადეცა ქალაქ ფოთის თეატრს, ამდენად იქ ფუნქციონირებდა ფოთის დრამატული თეატრი. 2005 წელს სახელმწიფომ ტაძარი ისევ საქართველოს ავტოკეფალურ მართლმადიდებლურ ეკლესიას გადასცა.
archili skhvediani (5 years ago)
Nice church, built a couple of years ago.
Powered by Google

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

Hagios Demetrios

The Church of Saint Demetrius, or Hagios Demetrios, is the main sanctuary dedicated to Saint Demetrius, the patron saint of Thessaloniki. It is part of the site Palaeochristian and Byzantine Monuments of Thessaloniki on the list of World Heritage Sites by UNESCO since 1988.

The first church on the spot was constructed in the early 4th century AD, replacing a Roman bath. A century later, a prefect named Leontios replaced the small oratory with a larger, three-aisled basilica. Repeatedly gutted by fires, the church eventually was reconstructed as a five-aisled basilica in 629–634. This was the surviving form of the church much as it is today. The most important shrine in the city, it was probably larger than the local cathedral. The historic location of the latter is now unknown.

The church had an unusual shrine called the ciborium, a hexagonal, roofed structure at one side of the nave. It was made of or covered with silver. The structure had doors and inside was a couch or bed. Unusually, it did not hold any physical relics of the saint. The ciborium seems to have been a symbolic tomb. It was rebuilt at least once.

The basilica is famous for six extant mosaic panels, dated to the period between the latest reconstruction and the inauguration of the Byzantine Iconoclasm in 730. These mosaics depict St. Demetrius with officials responsible for the restoration of the church (called the founders, ktetors) and with children. An inscription below one of the images glorifies heaven for saving the people of Thessalonica from a pagan Slavic raid in 615.

Thessaloniki became part of the Ottoman Empire in 1430. About 60 years later, during the reign of Bayezid II, the church was converted into a mosque, known as the Kasımiye Camii after the local Ottoman mayor, Cezeri Kasım Pasha. The symbolic tomb however was kept open for Christian veneration. Other magnificent mosaics, recorded as covering the church interior, were lost either during the four centuries when it functioned as a mosque (1493–1912) or in the Great Thessaloniki Fire of 1917 that destroyed much of the city. It also destroyed the roof and upper walls of the church. Black-and-white photographs and good watercolour versions give an idea of the early Byzantine craftsmanship lost during the fire.

Following the Great Fire of 1917, it took decades to restore the church. Tombstones from the city"s Jewish cemetery - destroyed by the Greek and Nazi German authorities - were used as building materials in these restoration efforts in the 1940s. Archeological excavations conducted in the 1930s and 1940s revealed interesting artifacts that may be seen in a museum situated inside the church"s crypt. The excavations also uncovered the ruins of a Roman bath, where St. Demetrius was said to have been held prisoner and executed. A Roman well was also discovered. Scholars believe this is where soldiers dropped the body of St. Demetrius after his execution. After restoration, the church was reconsecrated in 1949.