Cavriana Castle

Cavriana, Italy

Towards the 11th century Cavriana became one of the properties of Canossa and it is in this period that the first fortification was probably built. Subsequently to the Canossa the ownership of the village passes to the free Municipality of Mantua that, to defend the boundaries from the growing power of the Municipality of Verona, grants it to the family of the Riva with defensive tasks but, in the second half of the XIII century, they are supplanted by the emergent family of the Bonacolsi, who in turn, in 1328, were replaced by the Gonzagas with the election to Imperial Vicar of Luigi Gonzaga by the Emperor Ludwig IV the Bavaro. With the increase in danger due to the neighboring Visconti, the castle is reinforced with high walls that surround the entire village, while the fortress has at that time four towers at the corners; in the second half of the 14th century clashes with the Visconti are frequent and in 1383 he moved to Cavriana Francesco I Gonzaga to escape the plague and died here in 1407.

Between 1458 and 1461 the fortress was strengthened and modified to a design by Giovanni da Padova to adapt to new war techniques and the advent of cannons, it is also surrounded by a system of ditches. In 1501 Francesco II Gonzaga, at the time military commander in the pay of the Serenissima, armed the fortress of artillery.

In the first decades of the 17th century the Rocca Castello di Cavriana appears to be the largest of the state, is then attacked and occupied with partial demolition, so that in a census of the defensive structures of 1650 the castle is decayed. In 1708 the Gonzagas fall and the Austrians are not interested in rebuilding the fortification, so much so that in 1771 they ordered the demolition.

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Founded: 11th century
Category: Castles and fortifications in Italy

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User Reviews

Gaetano Cavaleri (2 years ago)
Cavriana e un comune di 3710 abitanti della provincia di Mantova fa parte dei comuni dell'alto Mantovano .Cavriana ha origini preistoriche testimoniate dai numerosi reperti archeologici rinvenuti nel proprio territorio i più antichi dei quali risalgono al neolitico .V millennio A C ..numerose le testimonianze della civiltà Palafitticola ritrovate soprattutto nel sito archeologico di Bande ..recentemente proclamato Patrimonio Dellunesco ..Dopo la presenza di popolazioni Galliche larea fu abitata dai Romani come dimostrano le numerose tombe e gli edifici con pavimenti mosaicati scoperti .Tra le colline della prima glaciazione di Wurm ..In epoca romanica fu eretta la suggestiva Pieve risalente all Xl secolo ..Cavriana che nel tempo e riuscita a mantenere l'originaria struttura di borgo fortificato dominato dalla torre ha ospitato in epoca rinascimentale la Corte Gonzaghesca dei Marchesi di Mantova che qui soggiornava nel periodo estivo nella stagione in cui Mantova era meno confortevole .Una prima residenza signorile venne eretta ai piedi della Rocca dal Capitano Francesco Gonzaga rifugiatosi qui per sfuggire alla peste scoppiata a Mantova .Nel 1383 e poi rimastovi fino alla morte .IL castello fu distrutto dagli Austriaci alla metà del 700 e oggi rimangono solo la torre medioevale e le mura che ne costituivano il sistema difensivo .Cavriana coinvolta direttamente durante la battaglia di Solferino e San Martino del 1859 ospitò curiosamente nella Villa Siliprandi l'imperatore Francesco Giuseppe alla vigilia dello scontro e la notte successiva l'imperatore vincente Napoleone III .....
Luciano Milanesi (2 years ago)
Beautiful
calimero 65 (3 years ago)
Ruins of what was one of the most important castles in the area. Panorama from the meadow towards Lake Garda
Luciano Cauzzi (4 years ago)
Situato in un bellissimo paese
Niccolo Pirillo (4 years ago)
Pacifico
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