Alcazaba of Almería

Almería, Spain

In 955, Almería gained the title of medina ('city') by the Caliph of Cordoba, Abd ar-Rahman III: construction of the defensive citadel, located in the upper sector of the city, began in this period. The alcazaba, provided not only with walls and towers but also with squares, houses and a mosque, was to be also the seat of the local government, commanding the city and the sea nearby.

The complex was enlarged under caliph Al-Mansur and, later, under Al-Jairan, first king of the independent taifa of Almería (1012–1028).

The first line of walls is a wide enclosure corresponding to the first Muslim military camp, used as shelter for the population in case of siege. For this task it was provided with large cisterns.

The first enclosure is separated by the second one by the so-called Muro de la Vela ('Wall of the Sail'), taking its name from a bell that warned the population in case of events such as the arrival of a ship in the port, danger, fires etc. This wall was built by King Charles III of Spain.

In the second enclosure was the residence for the governors, their soldiers and their servants. It included also the mosque, baths, tanks, tents etc.

The third enclosure, the most external, is also the most modern in the complex. After the Christian conquest of Almería, the Catholic monarchs Isabella I of Castile and Ferdinand II of Aragon had a castle built in the most elevated sector of the town, more apt to resist the new gunpowder artillery.

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Details

Founded: c. 955 AD
Category: Castles and fortifications in Spain

Rating

4.5/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Martin Ochoa (14 days ago)
Very nice 10th century fortress. Although it's quite rebuilt you can still see older parts and enjoy the gardens and fountains. Being free gives it 5 stars (otherwise I would probably rare 4 stars).
Rowena Rowley (18 days ago)
What a beautiful tranquil place, and escape from the city. It’s also completely free to go in as long as you are European
Martin Baines (33 days ago)
Fascinating Moorish fort/palace overlooking the city. A very large area covered and well worth the visit. The fact entry is free is a bonus.
Daniel Sanchez (2 months ago)
Amazing castle where Game of thrones shoot some episodes.
Marcell Bővíz (2 months ago)
One of the most beautiful Alcazaba I've visited, better than the one in Malaga. Inside the gardens are very green and the architecture is phenomenal. The history is interesting. Better to know that all this in Spain is thanks to the Moroccan Muslims, not to Spanish or Christians... Lucky for them they didn't destroy it when they left, now they earn more from this cleverly unspoken part of their past than from FC Barcelona. :D إِنْ شَاءَ ٱللَّٰهُ‎
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