Alcazaba of Almería

Almería, Spain

In 955, Almería gained the title of medina ('city') by the Caliph of Cordoba, Abd ar-Rahman III: construction of the defensive citadel, located in the upper sector of the city, began in this period. The alcazaba, provided not only with walls and towers but also with squares, houses and a mosque, was to be also the seat of the local government, commanding the city and the sea nearby.

The complex was enlarged under caliph Al-Mansur and, later, under Al-Jairan, first king of the independent taifa of Almería (1012–1028).

The first line of walls is a wide enclosure corresponding to the first Muslim military camp, used as shelter for the population in case of siege. For this task it was provided with large cisterns.

The first enclosure is separated by the second one by the so-called Muro de la Vela ('Wall of the Sail'), taking its name from a bell that warned the population in case of events such as the arrival of a ship in the port, danger, fires etc. This wall was built by King Charles III of Spain.

In the second enclosure was the residence for the governors, their soldiers and their servants. It included also the mosque, baths, tanks, tents etc.

The third enclosure, the most external, is also the most modern in the complex. After the Christian conquest of Almería, the Catholic monarchs Isabella I of Castile and Ferdinand II of Aragon had a castle built in the most elevated sector of the town, more apt to resist the new gunpowder artillery.

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Details

Founded: c. 955 AD
Category: Castles and fortifications in Spain

Rating

4.5/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Vladimir Balaz (23 days ago)
The Alcazaba castle is built on two hills. These are connected by a long wall. There are great views of the Almeria City and sea from tbe castle.
Angela Horton (4 months ago)
Wonderful place to visit. Gardens are beautiful and lots of interesting history dating back to the 1400's. Being free entry is a huge bonus too, very safe re Covid, masks on all the time, one way system viewing the sights and maintain 2m distancing throughout.
Martin Ochoa (4 months ago)
Very nice 10th century fortress. Although it's quite rebuilt you can still see older parts and enjoy the gardens and fountains. Being free gives it 5 stars (otherwise I would probably rare 4 stars).
Rowena Rowley (4 months ago)
What a beautiful tranquil place, and escape from the city. It’s also completely free to go in as long as you are European
Rowena Rowley (4 months ago)
What a beautiful tranquil place, and escape from the city. It’s also completely free to go in as long as you are European ?. Anyway take some time here, it’s so well done and incredibly maintained by a bunch of gardeners, cleaners and security guards to keep and eye on it all. It’s all on a one way system at the moment so make sure you have enjoyed each bit before you move on as you can’t really go back. Great place if you like cats too.
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