Niebla Castle

Niebla, Spain

The construction of the Niebla Castle started in 1402, when Don Enrique de Guzmán, the second Duke of Medinasidonia and the fourth of Niebla, pulled down the old Moorish Alcázar to build the one we know today. The result was a magnificent royal palace which preserved the most interesting and luxurious parts built by the Arabs, such as the Muslim Tower of Homage.

After the works of restoration made in the last few years, the Alcázar is now in good conditions. It has a rectangular structure divided by an inner wall which separates the patio of arms from the luxurious rooms intended as palace. This main structure has ten towers; six of them are square (four are on the corners -including the Tower of Homage - and two of them are at the ends of the inner wall). The other four are semicircular cubes alternated with the square ones. The walls go on from the Tower of Homage and the one located on the north-west angle to form a barbican surrounding the central building on the east, south and west sides. This barbican has six towers and joins the almohade wall near the Puerta de Sevilla and del Socorro. An adarve and a barbican built in the late 15th century completed the building.



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Founded: 1402
Category: Castles and fortifications in Spain

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User Reviews

Manuel Hidalgo (11 months ago)
They had not warned me that the best of the Castle was closed (torture chamber and most of the rooms, including the weapons room). At the end you pay the entrance fee to take a walk close to the wall and little else. It has been a disappointment.
Sergio Gonzalez (12 months ago)
The castle is very well preserved. The only downside I can put is that they had closed the museum of torture when I went.
Isabel Maria Agudo Torres (16 months ago)
The new reform is, very good, also its history is explained very well.
Paula González (16 months ago)
It is very beautiful, but I think that the restoration they have done has skipped the historical rhythm of the place a bit, it is also worth seeing
Acisclo Pedraza Nevado (2 years ago)
Since we have been interested in it, it is worth knowing something more about the Alcazaba or Castle of the Counts of Niebla ... Despite the fact that some chroniclers affirm the existence of a Roman citadel, which must have been located in the place where Today it occupies the castle, there is no archaeological record of it. On the other hand, there is evidence of an important building from this time, next to the Puerta de Sevilla, as well as a great profusion of Roman ashlars in the foundations and corners of the towers of the fortress and wall. Niebla owned a citadel in Muslim times, which was handed over to the Castilian king in the surrender of the city in 1262. Later the town, and with it the fortress, was handed over to the Guzmán manor (1367), they repaired and rebuilt it in part. It is in the last decades of the 15th or early 16th century that the castle is built. Don Enrique, fourth Count of Niebla and second Duke of Medina Sidonia, was the only representative of the Guzmán lineage that ever inhabited the castle. The builders of this magnificent building were Mudejar builders brought expressly for it; These people came to constitute an important colony in the city whose relations were regulated by ordinances in 1493. At the end of the 17th century or the beginning of the 18th century, the north barbican had to be built on the remains of the old one, which was already very deteriorated in 1615. The entire enclosure, and especially the keep, suffered enormous damage in the 1755 Lisbon earthquake. During the War of Independence, Marshal Soult repaired the walls of his fence and opened embrasures in the walls of the barbican for artillery, in 1810. It is the last time that this building fulfills its military function. But in 1812, before his retirement, he blew up the building and left it completely demolished. From this date it became a home for marginalized people, until in 1935 Mrs. E. Wisah tried to evict them from there, for which she built a neighborhood. It was built in the late 15th or early 16th century. In the 60s, the architect Rafael Manzano restored the north wall of the first enclosure that was destroyed and acted on the homage wall. He also acted in the main courtyard, finding the foundations and the organization of the interior bays. The staircase in the main patio is also his work. In the eighties, cleaning and consolidation works were carried out on part of the castle by the architect D. Manuel López Vicente. The Niebla Workshop School and the Niebla Archaeological project have carried out rehabilitation work in the northern barbican area. It is located in the northwestern area of ​​the Historic Complex of Niebla, between the gates of Seville and that of the Hole. The castle consists of two enclosures. The first, the castle itself and the second, an outer defensive perimeter that completely surrounds the inner building. The fortress, at present, is protected by ten towers (six square and four cylindrical), built, like the walls, in masonry with baseboards and ashlar edges in the corners. It has many characteristic embrasures of the "cross and orb" type. On its north flank, the canvas of the castle merges with the route of the wall that surrounds the entire town, as the fortress is attached to this walled enclosure. The interior enclosure consists of a rectangle subdivided into two others by a practically disappeared central wall. One of them would be the parade ground where the stables and other military units were located. The other courtyard is domestic and residential, where the keep is located, which is it became the last defensive redoubt in case of attack. This tower, badly affected by the earthquake of November 2, 1755, has a square plan. The outer enclosure is constituted by the north wall, which will be replaced during the s. XVII
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