Panteón de Marinos Ilustres

San Fernando, Spain

Panteón de Marinos Ilustres (Pantheon of Distinguished Sailors) began construction in 1786, was inaugurated without a roof in 1870, and covered in 1948. Here rest the mortal remains of many Spanish sailors.

From the exterior of the Pantheon of Illustrious Mariños, the sober and imposing doorway in neoclassical style stands out. Inside, the elliptical-shaped vestibule particularly stands out, as well as the church, with three naves and a dome over the transept. The most important feature inside are the tombs of sailors situated in the sections of the side aisles: Gravina, Álava, Valdés, etc.

References:

Comments

Your name



Details

Founded: 1786
Category: Cemeteries, mausoleums and burial places in Spain

Rating

4.7/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

CADIZ LOCAL GUIDE Cadiz local guide (4 months ago)
Today we visit the Pantheon of Illustrious Sailors in San Fernando. An experience that makes you immerse yourself in the History of Spain and Cádiz. Your visit is highly recommended.
alfonso garcia carrillo (6 months ago)
Beautiful and a great story of our sailors
Maite Hime (7 months ago)
There are no words to sum up the visit to the Pantheon ... You don't know how important our land and its sailors have been until an "excellent" guide immerses you (pun intended) in a sea of ​​knowledge, full of names, dates, situations geographies and despite everything "you find out" without losing interest and the thread of events. Amazed with the experience and surprised because IT IS FREE !!!
Arija Noel (12 months ago)
Beautiful memorial to Spanish Sailors. There are guided tours in Spanish on Saturdays. So much history!
guillermo (2 years ago)
Impresionante edificio que alberga en su interior distintos homenajes a personajes vinculados a la Amada Española. Lástima que los responsables no hayan adaptado un recorrido para ser visitado por personas con movilidad reducida, sobre todo teniendo en cuenta que solo hay que salvar unos pocos escalones. Las incomodidades las paliaron el guia y la buena voluntad de los demás visitantes, El guia hace gala de un magnífico humor gaditano que, con las explicaciones h¡storicas, convierten la visita en una amena clase de historia, Chapó. La experiencia es demasiado corta para el juego que puede dar. Merece la pena.
Powered by Google

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

Mosque–Cathedral of Córdoba

The Mosque–Cathedral of Córdoba, also known as the Great Mosque of Córdoba and the Mezquita is regarded as one of the most accomplished monuments of Moorish architecture.

According to a traditional account, a small Visigoth church, the Catholic Basilica of Saint Vincent of Lérins, originally stood on the site. In 784 Abd al-Rahman I ordered construction of the Great Mosque, which was considerably expanded by later Muslim rulers. The mosque underwent numerous subsequent changes: Abd al-Rahman II ordered a new minaret, while in 961 Al-Hakam II enlarged the building and enriched the Mihrab. The last of such reforms was carried out by Almanzor in 987. It was connected to the Caliph"s palace by a raised walkway, mosques within the palaces being the tradition for previous Islamic rulers – as well as Christian Kings who built their palaces adjacent to churches. The Mezquita reached its current dimensions in 987 with the completion of the outer naves and courtyard.

In 1236, Córdoba was conquered by King Ferdinand III of Castile, and the centre of the mosque was converted into a Catholic cathedral. Alfonso X oversaw the construction of the Villaviciosa Chapel and the Royal Chapel within the mosque. The kings who followed added further Christian features, such as King Henry II rebuilding the chapel in the 14th century. The minaret of the mosque was also converted to the bell tower of the cathedral. It was adorned with Santiago de Compostela"s captured cathedral bells. Following a windstorm in 1589, the former minaret was further reinforced by encasing it within a new structure.

The most significant alteration was the building of a Renaissance cathedral nave in the middle of the expansive structure. The insertion was constructed by permission of Charles V, king of Castile and Aragon. Artisans and architects continued to add to the existing structure until the late 18th century.

Architecture

The building"s floor plan is seen to be parallel to some of the earliest mosques built from the very beginning of Islam. It had a rectangular prayer hall with aisles arranged perpendicular to the qibla, the direction towards which Muslims pray. The prayer hall was large and flat, with timber ceilings held up by arches of horseshoe-like appearance.

In planning the mosque, the architects incorporated a number of Roman columns with choice capitals. Some of the columns were already in the Gothic structure; others were sent from various regions of Iberia as presents from the governors of provinces. Ivory, jasper, porphyry, gold, silver, copper, and brass were used in the decorations. Marvellous mosaics and azulejos were designed. Later, the immense temple embodied all the styles of Morisco architecture into one composition.

The building is most notable for its arcaded hypostyle hall, with 856 columns of jasper, onyx, marble, granite and porphyry. These were made from pieces of the Roman temple that had occupied the site previously, as well as other Roman buildings, such as the Mérida amphitheatre. The double arches were an innovation, permitting higher ceilings than would otherwise be possible with relatively low columns. The double arches consist of a lower horseshoe arch and an upper semi-circular arch.