Panteón de Marinos Ilustres

San Fernando, Spain

Panteón de Marinos Ilustres (Pantheon of Distinguished Sailors) began construction in 1786, was inaugurated without a roof in 1870, and covered in 1948. Here rest the mortal remains of many Spanish sailors.

From the exterior of the Pantheon of Illustrious Mariños, the sober and imposing doorway in neoclassical style stands out. Inside, the elliptical-shaped vestibule particularly stands out, as well as the church, with three naves and a dome over the transept. The most important feature inside are the tombs of sailors situated in the sections of the side aisles: Gravina, Álava, Valdés, etc.

References:

Comments

Your name



Details

Founded: 1786
Category: Cemeteries, mausoleums and burial places in Spain

Rating

4.7/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

eusebio quintana gonzalez (15 months ago)
Muchas gracias a nuestro guía Sergio Torrecilla. Hemos salido de la visita muy ilustrados con sus reseñas históricas con alegría y buen humor. Serví en el TEAR entre 1985 y 1986 y nunca tuve la oportunidad de visitarlo. Fue mi asignatura pendiente en mi estancia en San Fernando y por fin pude cumplirla.
Vicente Salvador Peña Gomez (15 months ago)
Impresionante el panteón asi como,su guia Sergio. Te lo explica todo de una manera muy amena,de hecho la hora y media de la visita se hace corta. Sin duda volveremos.
Asun Perez Alonso (17 months ago)
Magnífica la visita, muy amena. Gracias al guía Sergio que se nota que es historiador con un poso Cultural magnífico. Un juglar Moderno. Salimos encantados de conocer la grandeza histórica de nuestro país. Un suspiro de hora y media. Volveremos
CADIZ LOCAL GUIDE Cadiz local guide (2 years ago)
Today we visit the Pantheon of Illustrious Sailors in San Fernando. An experience that makes you immerse yourself in the History of Spain and Cádiz. Your visit is highly recommended.
alfonso garcia carrillo (2 years ago)
Beautiful and a great story of our sailors
Powered by Google

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

Saint-Eustache

The Church of St Eustace was built between 1532-1632. St Eustace"s is considered a masterpiece of late Gothic architecture. The church’s reputation was strong enough of the time for it to be chosen as the location for a young Louis XIV to receive communion. Mozart also chose the sanctuary as the location for his mother’s funeral. Among those baptised here as children were Richelieu, Jeanne-Antoinette Poisson, future Madame de Pompadour and Molière, who was also married here in the 17th century. The last rites for Anne of Austria, Turenne and Mirabeau were pronounced within its walls. Marie de Gournay is buried there.

The origins of Saint Eustache date back to 13th century. The church became a parish church in 1223, thanks to a man named Jean Alais who achieved this by taxing the baskets of fish sold nearby, as granted by King Philip Augustus. To thank such divine generosity, Alais constructed a chapel dedicated to Sainte-Agnès, a Roman martyr. The construction of the current church began in 1532, the work not being finally completed until 1637. The name of the church refers to Saint Eustace, a Roman general of the second century AD who was burned, along with his family, for converting to Christianity, and it is believed that it was the transfer of a relic of Saint Eustache from the Abbey to Saint-Denis to the Church of Saint Eustache which resulted in its naming. Jeanne Baptiste d"Albert de Luynes was baptised here.

According to tourist literature on-site, during the French Revolution the church, like most churches in Paris, was desecrated, looted, and used for a time as a barn. The church was restored after the Revolution had run its course and remains in use today. Several impressive paintings by Rubens remain in the church today. Each summer, organ concerts commemorate the premieres of Berlioz’s Te Deum and Liszt’s Christus here in 1886.

The church is an example of a Gothic structure clothed in Renaissance detail. The church is relatively short in length at 105m, but its interior is 33.45m high to the vaulting. At the main façade, the left tower has been completed in Renaissance style, while the right tower remains a stump. The front and rear aspects provide a remarkable contrast between the comparatively sober classical front and the exuberant rear, which integrates Gothic forms and organization with Classical details. The L"écoute sculpture by Henri de Miller appears outside the church, to the south. A Keith Haring sculpture stands in a chapel of the church.

The Chapel of the Virgin was built in 1640 and restored from 1801 to 1804. It was inaugurated by Pius VII on the 22nd of December, 1804 when he came to Paris for the coronation of Napoleon. The apse chapel, with a ribbed cul-de-four vault, has at its centre a sculpture of the Virgin and Child of Jean-Baptiste Pigalle that the painter Thomas Couture highlighted by three large paintings.

With 8,000 pipes, the organ is reputed to be the largest pipe organ in France, surpassing the organs of Saint Sulpice and Notre Dame de Paris. The organ originally constructed by P.-A. Ducroquet was powerful enough for the premiere of Hector Berlioz" titanic Te Deum to be performed at St-Eustache in 1855.