Castles in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Počitelj Castle

In the middle ages, Počitelj was the administrative centre and centre of governance of Dubrava župa (county), and its westernmost point, which gave it major strategic importance.  It is supposed that the fortified town and its attendant settlements were built by Bosnia"s King Stjepan Tvrtko I in 1383. The walled town of Počitelj evolved over the period from the sixteenth to the eighteenth centuries. Architectura ...
Founded: 1383 | Location: Čapljina, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Walled city of Jajce

The Walled City of Jajce is a medieval fortified nucleus of Jajce in Bosnia and Herzegovina, with citadel high above town on top of pyramidal-shaped steep hill, enclosed with approximately 1,300 metres long defensive walls,. It is one of the best preserved fortified capitals of the Bosnian Kingdom, the last stronghold before the kingdom dissolved under the pressure of military advancement at the onset of Ottoman Empire ta ...
Founded: 14th century | Location: Jajce, Bosnia and Herzegovina

White Fortress

The White Fortress (Bijela Tabija) is an old fort overlooking the historic core of Sarajevo. It is a protruding part of the wall of what was historically known as the old Vratnik City, and dominates the Eastern, the natural entrance to Sarajevo. It is built of stone and it used to house a gun-crew and an ammunition storage. Its thick walls have openings for cannons. As far as the precise year of construction goes, differ ...
Founded: 1550 | Location: Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Srebrenik Castle

Srebrenik castle is located on the northeastern slopes of Majevica mountain in the village of Gornji Srebrenik, about 5 km away from the city centre. It is built on a steep, almost inaccessible rock, with a deep trench dug underneath, with the only entrance being a small bridge. No current historical sources identify the exact year of its construction or who its constructor was. Earliest records date back to edicts of St ...
Founded: 14th century | Location: Srebrenik, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Travnik Castle

Travnik Castle, locally known as Stari Grad Castle (old town castle), is a medieval town-fortress complex in the town of Travnik. Dating back to pre-Ottoman Bosnia when the former Christian Kingdom ruled the region, there is no historical data as to the construction date of the Medieval fortress. However, the construction type and other characteristics indicate that it was built sometime in the second half of the 14th ce ...
Founded: 14th century | Location: Travnik, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Gradačac Castle

Gradačac Castle has a fort with walls 18 metres high, built between 1765 and 1821, and a watchtower 22 metres high, built in 1824 by Husein-kapetan Gradaščević on foundations made originally by the Romans. It is finished in the 19th century. In 1831 general rallied the Bosnians against the Turkish occupation and drove the Ottomans out to Kosovo, winning Bosnia its sovereignty for the coming year. Therefore, fortificat ...
Founded: 1765-1821 | Location: Gradačac, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Ostrožac Castle

Ostrožac Castle is a castle located in Bosnia and Herzegovina in the Una-Sana Canton just outside the town of Cazin, in the village of Ostrožac. The castle dates back to the 13th century when Ostrožac was part of property of the noble house of Babonić family. In 1592 it was captured by the Ottoman Turks and established as an Ottoman province of Bosnia. The castle was built between 1900 and 1906 by Major of Bihać Loth ...
Founded: 13th century | Location: Cazin, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Velika Kladuša Castle

Velika Kladuša was first time mentioned in 1280, but the castle was built by Ottomans after they conquered the area in 1633. It was in military use until the late 19th century, but is today converted as restaurant and travel use.
Founded: 17th century | Location: Velika Kladuša, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Blagaj Castle

Blagaj Fortress is a town-fortress complex built on a high, inaccessible karst hill. The archaeological material scattered above the slopes of Blagaj hill indicate that settlements existed here during the prehistoric and Roman periods. Remains of fortifications were discovered on each of the summit"s highest points: On the north-eastern summit, there are the remains of a Roman or late antique fortification or observa ...
Founded: 10th century AD | Location: Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Ostrovica Castle

The Ostrovica Castle is a large medieval structure situated above the small village of Ostrovica near Kulen Vakuf. Having been built on a heavily wooded ridge of a steep hill overlooking left bank of the shallow Una river, the castle was located on a strategic site connecting the northern and southern parts of the long Una valley. The modern-day castle was most probably built during the 15th century on the foundations o ...
Founded: 15th century | Location: Bihać, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Tešanj Castle

The foundation of Tešanj Castle was started even before the Romans conquered the region. Exact dates are unknown. It was later enhanced by the Romans, Slavs and the Ottoman forces. It has been primarily a defensive fortification. Tešanj Castle is one of the most significant and biggest castles in Bosnia, with an area of 6,296 square metres. During the Ottoman period, the destroyed castle was rebuilt castle and it had a ...
Founded: 14th century | Location: Tešanj, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Hutovo Castle

Hutovo fortress or Hadžibegov Grad is a castle in Bosnia and Herzegovina in the municipality of Neum near the village of Hutovo. The fortress is located along a narrow road leading from Hutovo Blato to Neum, below Žaba mountain and southwest of Hutovo. Strategically situated atop a hill overlooking the Prešjeci pass, it was often traversed by salt caravans from Ston traveling inland. The name Hadžibegov Grad is deriv ...
Founded: 16th century | Location: Neum, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Sokolac Castle

The castle of Sokolac is situated on one hill on the east side of the hill Debeljača on the left bank of the river Une. The oldest charter in which Sokolac is mentioned dates from the 14th century. For a long time the town was exposed to the battles between the Bosnian crown and the Kings of Sigismund of Luxemburg and Ladislaus of Naples. The Ottoman army occupied the fort in 1592. At the site of today’s fortress in t ...
Founded: 14th century | Location: Bihać, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Stolac Castle

Stolac Castle is one of the largest forts in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The complex system of stone walls and towers suggests that it was built in several stages, which are difficult to differentiate.  In the prehistoric period the north-western part of the fortress, towards the settlement outside the walls, was probably the area that was inhabited.  On the site of present-day Stolac lay the antique-era municipium of Dilen ...
Founded: 13th century | Location: Stolac, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Buzim Castle

Bužim Castle was built during the 12th century, and is located at 325 metres above sea level. It was the second-biggest medieval castle in Cazinska krajina, after Bihać. The castle is an example of renaissance architecture, and served as both a military hill fort and a residence for the nobility. Bužim Castle and a nearby old mosque are protected as national monuments in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Founded: 12th century | Location: Bužim, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Fortress of Herzog Stjepan Vukčić Kosača

The Fortress of Herceg Stjepan in Ljubuški, is a medieval fortress in the western part of Herzegovina. It is also known as the Old Town Ljubuški. Yes, it has the same ‘owner’ as a more famous one in Blagaj. The fortress is located on the top of the karst hill called Buturovica, near the city of Ljubuški. It has a height of 396 meters above sea level and it is connected with the main road by a new macadam path. That ...
Founded: 15th century | Location: Ljubuški, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Visoki Castle

The Old Town of Visoki was a medieval royal castle town built during the 14th century on the top of the hill overlooking town of Visoko, Bosnia and Herzegovina. The first mention of the town was on 1 September 1355, in the charter 'in castro nosto Visoka vocatum' written by Tvrtko I of Bosnia while he was a young ban. The town was abandoned before 1503, because it is not mentioned in the Turkish-Hungarian t ...
Founded: 14th century | Location: Visoko, Bosnia and Herzegovina


Hodidjed is a ruined medieval fort near Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina. Hodidjed was the only known fortification in the area of Vrhbosna župa in the High Middle Ages. The fort, located at Han Bulog east of Sarajevo, was first taken by the Ottoman Empire between 1428 and 1430, then retaken by Matko Talovac in 1434, and then taken again by Barak Isaković in 1435.
Founded: 15th century | Location: Istočni Stari Grad, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Ključ Castle

Kljuc Castle was built in the 13th century to the site of ancient Roman fort. The last Bosnian king Stjepan Tomašević was captured by Ottomans from Kljuc  where he was hiding in 1463. There castle contains of tower and some walls.
Founded: 13th century | Location: Una-Sana Canton, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bjelaj Castle

Bjelaj castle, locally known as Stari Grad Bjelaj (Bjelaj old town), is a medieval town-fortress complex near the village of Bjelaj, Bosanski Petrovac. Located on the edge of the Petrovac plain (or part thereof Bjelajsko fields), on the northern slope of the Osječenica mountain. The area around the city is uninhabited and lean. The whole complex is situated on a plateau about 850 metres long. On the south end of the no ...
Founded: 15th century | Location: Bosanski Petrovac, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

Medieval Walls of Avila

The city walls of Avila were built in the 11th century to protect the citizens from the Moors. They have been well maintained throughout the centuries and are now a major tourist attraction as well as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Visitors can walk around about half of the length of the walls.

The layout of the city is an even quadrilateral with a perimeter of 2,516 m. Its walls, which consist in part of stones already used in earlier constructions, have an average thickness of 3 m. Access to the city is afforded by nine gates of different periods; twin 20 m high towers, linked by a semi-circular arch, flank the oldest ones, Puerta de San Vicente and Puerta del Alcázar.