The Fortress of Herceg Stjepan in Ljubuški, is a medieval fortress in the western part of Herzegovina. It is also known as the Old Town Ljubuški. Yes, it has the same ‘owner’ as a more famous one in Blagaj. The fortress is located on the top of the karst hill called Buturovica, near the city of Ljubuški. It has a height of 396 meters above sea level and it is connected with the main road by a new macadam path. That makes this fortress very reachable for all the visitors that are coming to Herzegovina and Croatia too.
Besides that, in this area, there are some beautiful natural waterfalls like Kravica, Koćuša and other natural treasures. Međugorje, the destination for Catholic pilgrims, and many good traditional restaurants as well. Therefore, all of the mentioned makes this area ideal for one-day excursions which Hit Booker can organize for you.
Historians are guessing that the fortress is built in the middle of 15th century. The name of the fortress is connected with the Herzog Stjepan Vukčić Kosača. He was a member of Kosača noble family, and also was one of the most powerful men of that time. The fortress was one of his residences, and it was built after disputes with his two sons. One of them, Vladislav, took the side of Dubrovnik Republic, and Herceg Stjepan moved to a fortress in Ljubuški. Vladislav then tried to take over the fortress but failed to do it.
Shortly after it was built, the Ottoman army occupied this fortress and it has become their border with Croatia. It was abandoned in 1835. Today you can find two parts of this fortress, and the main one is the medieval part located in the center of the fortress. There you can find some beautiful old constructions, while around the fortress there is an Ottoman part of it.References:
The Petersberg Citadel is one of the largest extant early-modern citadels in Europe and covers the whole north-western part of the Erfurt city centre. It was built after 1665 on Petersberg hill and was in military use until 1963. It dates from a time when Erfurt was ruled by the Electors of Mainz and is a unique example of the European style of fortress construction. Beneath the citadel is an underground maze of passageways that can be visited on guided tours organised by Erfurt Tourist Office.
The citadel was originally built on the site of a medieval Benedictine Monastery and the earliest parts of the complex date from the 12th century. Erfurt has also been ruled by Sweden, Prussia, Napoleon, the German Empire, the Nazis, and post-World War II Soviet occupying forces, and it was part of the German Democratic Republic (East Germany). All of these regimes used Petersberg Citadel and had an influence on its development. The baroque fortress was in military use until 1963. Since German reunification in 1990, the citadel has undergone significant restoration and it is now open to the public as a historic site.