Religious sites in Slovenia

St. Peter's Church

St. Peter's Parish Church is one of the oldest churches in Ljubljana. The original church at the site was presumably built near the city walls already at the turn of the 9th century on the order of Paulinus II, the Patriarch of Aquilea. It was the seat of the Primitive Parish of Ljubljana. The church was encircled by a cemetery that was the main town cemetery until 1779, when it was abandoned. The current building was er ...
Founded: 1730-1733 | Location: Ljubljana, Slovenia

Kostanjevica Monastery

Kostanjevica Franciscan Monastery with the Church of the Annunciation of Our Lady stands on a hill dividing the town of Nova Gorica and the suburb of Pristava. It is located just some 200 meters from the border with Italy. It is famous as the burial place of Charles X of France and his family. In 1623 as small Carmelite sanctuary was erected just outside the limits of the town of Gorizia. In the next hundred years, a mon ...
Founded: 1623 | Location: Nova Gorica, Slovenia

St. Bartholomew's Church

St. Bartholomew's Church is one of the oldest church buildings in Ljubljana. The church was first mentioned in 1370, when in front of it a peace treaty between the Doge of Venice and Leopold III and Albert III of Habsburg was concluded by their representatives on 30 October 1370, in which the Austrians agreed to return the city of Trieste for the compensation of 75,000 florins. In 1526, its valuables were donated to a fu ...
Founded: 1370 | Location: Ljubljana, Slovenia

Visitation of Mary Church

Visitation of Mary Church was already recorded on Rožnik Hill in a 1526 document, stating that it had to provide a copper chalice and three pounds of hellers for the war effort. This church was razed in 1740, and a new church was built in 1746 according to plans by Candido Zulliani (1712–1769) and consecrated by Bishop Ernest Attems (1742–1757) in 1747. The church was damaged by artillery fire during the Nap ...
Founded: 1746 | Location: Ljubljana, Slovenia

Miren Castle Church

Miren Castle hill was once occupied by a castle; it is currently dominated by a collection of ecclesiastical buildings. The origins of Miren Castle is an tale which is famous among the citizens of Miren. Long ago there lived a noble and glorious king known as Miren. He was a man of a kind heart who built the settlement of Miren to serve as homes for peasants who were struggling from poverty. Now he is regarded as an ancie ...
Founded: 1886 | Location: Miren, Slovenia

St. Oswald's Church

Mentioned at the beginning of the 16th century, St. Ožbolt (Oswald) church has been renovated in the Baroque style in the 17th century and remodelled in 1844.
Founded: 16th century | Location: Spodnje Gorje, Slovenia

Zice Charterhouse

The Žiče Charterhouse was a Carthusian monastery founded between 1155 and 1165 by Ottokar III of Styria, the Margrave of Styria. It was the first Carthusian monastery in the German sphere of influence of the time, and also the first outside France or Italy. The monastery also had one of the first pharmacies in what is now Slovenia. The monastery was settled by Carthusian monks from the Grande Chartreuse in France, whic ...
Founded: 1155-1190 | Location: Žiče, Slovenia

Sticna Abbey

Stična Abbey is the oldest monastery in the territory of today"s Slovenia. It is the only Cistercian one in the country that still operates. The abbey foundation charter was issued in 1136 by Pellegrinus I., Patriarch of Aquileia, although monastic conventual life had begun a year earlier, in 1135. The monastery at Stična quickly became important religious, cultural and economic centre. As well as an ordinary ...
Founded: 1136 | Location: Stična, Slovenia

Church of Mary's Annunciation

The Church of Mary’s Annunciation is not only an architectural masterpiece; it has a variety of multilayered paintings as well. At the entrance façade there are several fragments from the Passion of Christ. The workshop from Friuli followed the painter Giotto"s style in the late 14th century. A magnificent image of the Holy Sunday from the workshop of Janez of Ljubljana dating from 1460 is severely damag ...
Founded: 14th century | Location: Skofja Loka, Slovenia

St. Nicholas Church

Succursal Church of St. Nicholas in Mevkuž was built in the Gothic style (16th century) and has a Baroque bell tower. The Gothic presbytery is preserved.
Founded: 16th century | Location: Mevkuž, Slovenia

Jurkloster Monastery

Jurklošter settlement was first attested around 1145. It was the site of a large charterhouse (Carthusian monastery), of which the parish church, a later mansion and a defence tower remain. The monastery was founded in the 12th century. The church is dedicated to Saint Maurice and belongs to the Roman Catholic Diocese of Celje.
Founded: c. 1170 | Location: Jurklošter, Slovenia

St. Margaret's church

Parish Church of St. Margaret in Bohinjska Bela was built at the beginning of the 17th century in the Renaissance style and was renovated in the Baroque style in the 18th century. It includes paintings by Anton Jebačin from 1907.
Founded: 17th century | Location: Bohinjska Bela, Slovenia

Pleterje Charterhouse

Pleterje Charterhouse is the only extant monastery of Carthusian order in Slovenia. The monastery was founded in 1403 by Count Hermann II of Celje, and its construction completed by 1407. In 1471 an Ottoman raid destroyed the buildings, which were reconstructed in a much stronger and more easily defensible manner. After a long period of decline Archduke Ferdinand II of Inner Austria gave the monastery in 1595 to the Jesu ...
Founded: 1403 | Location: Drča, Slovenia

St. Leonard's Church

The Church of St. Leonard includes a Gothic star-shaped arched presbytery and frescoes from the first half of the 15th century, the nave with frescoes dates from the beginning of the 16th century.
Founded: 15th century | Location: Bodešče, Slovenia

St. Stephen's Church

Kupljenik village is on the old pilgrimage path. The Gothic church dedicated to St. Stephen from the Middle Ages still stands in its centre.
Founded: | Location: Kupljenik, Slovenia

St. George's Church

Originally Gothic, in the 17th century the Parish Church of St. George was rebuilt in the Baroque style and in 1894 it was renovated in the neo-Romanesque style. Frescoes by Matija Koželj and paintings by Janez Šubic and Leopold Layer can be seen here.
Founded: 17th century | Location: Zgornje Gorje, Slovenia

St. John's Church

Parish Church of St. John the Baptist in Zasip was first mentioned in the 13th century, but is probably even older. Its core is a Gothic building, although it was renovated to a large extent in the Baroque style in 1778. For many centuries, the patrons of the parish were the Lambergar family who lived in the Kamen Castle near Begunje. Paintings by L. Layer and the tombstone of Count Lamberg can be seen here.
Founded: 13th century | Location: Zasip, Slovenia

Murska Sobota Cathedral

Murska Sobota Cathedral site was originally occupied by Roman temples. The first church here was built of wood from 1071, shortly after the Hungarians who had settled here converted to Christianity. Murska Sobota developed into a religious centre during the Middle Ages. The medieval second cathedral of 1350 was replaced in 1912 by the present Neo-Romanesque building, which includes some decorative elements of the Jugends ...
Founded: 1912 | Location: Murska Sobota, Slovenia

St. Jacob's Church

The Church of St. Jacob in Ribno dates from 1400. the Baroque presbytery is from the second half of the 15th century with Gothic frescoes from around 1500. The church includes a Gothic star-shaped arched presbytery and frescoes from the first half of the 15th century, the nave with frescoes dates from the begining of the 16th century.
Founded: 1400 | Location: Ribno, Slovenia

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

Glimmingehus

Glimmingehus is the best preserved medieval stronghold in Scandinavia. It was built 1499-1506, during an era when Scania formed a vital part of Denmark, and contains many defensive arrangements of the era, such as parapets, false doors and dead-end corridors, 'murder-holes' for pouring boiling pitch over the attackers, moats, drawbridges and various other forms of death traps to surprise trespassers and protect the nobles against peasant uprisings. The lower part of the castle's stone walls are 2.4 meters (94 inches) thick and the upper part 1.8 meters (71 inches).

Construction was started in 1499 by the Danish knight Jens Holgersen Ulfstand and stone-cutter-mason and architect Adam van Düren, a North German master who also worked on Lund Cathedral. Construction was completed in 1506.

Ulfstand was a councillor, nobleman and admiral serving under John I of Denmark and many objects have been uncovered during archeological excavations that demonstrate the extravagant lifestyle of the knight's family at Glimmingehus up until Ulfstand's death in 1523. Some of the most expensive objects for sale in Europe during this period, such as Venetian glass, painted glass from the Rhine district and Spanish ceramics have been found here. Evidence of the family's wealth can also be seen inside the stone fortress, where everyday comforts for the knight's family included hot air channels in the walls and bench seats in the window recesses. Although considered comfortable for its period, it has also been argued that Glimmingehus was an expression of "Knighthood nostalgia" and not considered opulent or progressive enough even to the knight's contemporaries and especially not to later generations of the Scanian nobility. Glimmingehus is thought to have served as a residential castle for only a few generations before being transformed into a storage facility for grain.

An order from Charles XI to the administrators of the Swedish dominion of Scania in 1676 to demolish the castle, in order to ensure that it would not fall into the hands of the Danish king during the Scanian War, could not be executed. A first attempt, in which 20 Scanian farmers were ordered to assist, proved unsuccessful. An additional force of 130 men were sent to Glimmingehus to execute the order in a second attempt. However, before they could carry out the order, a Danish-Dutch naval division arrived in Ystad, and the Swedes had to abandon the demolition attempts. Throughout the 18th century the castle was used as deposit for agricultural produce and in 1924 it was donated to the Swedish state. Today it is administered by the Swedish National Heritage Board.

On site there is a museum, medieval kitchen, shop and restaurant and coffee house. During summer time there are several guided tours daily. In local folklore, the castle is described as haunted by multiple ghosts and the tradition of storytelling inspired by the castle is continued in the summer events at the castle called "Strange stories and terrifying tales".