Church of the Holy Cross

Nin, Croatia

Church of the Holy Cross Crkva svetog Križa) is a Pre-Romanesque Catholic church originating from the 9th century in Nin.

According to a theory from an art historian Mladen Pejaković, the design has an intentionally unbalanced elliptical form designated to 'follow' the position of the Sun, retaining the functionality of a calendar and sundial. In its beginning, in the time of the Croatian principality, it was used as a royal chapel of the duke's courtyard nearby.



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Founded: 9th century AD
Category: Religious sites in Croatia

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User Reviews

Ivan Rinčić (13 months ago)
Great place for visit over summer!
Robert & Katie (Christophoros) (13 months ago)
Church of St. Križa, also known as the "smallest cathedral in the world", is located next to the parish church in the old Croatian royal town of Nin. It dates from IX. century, the shape is reminiscent of the Greek one-armed cross. The arms are vaulted with a cubic vault. The outer part is decorated with a series of blind niches, while the dome is irregularly elliptical in shape, tapering towards the top and decorated with blind niches on the outside. There are noticeable mistakes in the construction that were not caused by ignorance, but were deliberate because the shifts from the correct axis in the masonry are the result of following the sun, so this church served as a kind of clock and calendar, which is understandable given the liturgical hours to be observed. (clock). During the time of the Croatian national rulers, it served as a court chapel of the duke's court, which was located in the immediate vicinity. On the lintel at the bottom is the name of the prefect Godečaj (Godeslav), which is believed to be the oldest known inscription of Croatian times. In the immediate vicinity, about 170 medieval Old Croatian graves dating from VIII. to XV. st.
Lulitha Lekhapriya Wickramarachchi (14 months ago)
Nice place to walk around
pts pts (14 months ago)
Nicely preserved Church and site.
Edgar Ter Danielyan (14 months ago)
Amazing acoustics in this small ancient church dating from the ninth century.
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