Sint-Laurenskerk church is built on the spot of an earlier roman church that was destroyed in 1360, when the Prince-Bishopric of Liège fought with the County of Loon. The Jus patronatus was in the hands of the powerful Herkenrode Abbey. Construction of the church was begun in the 14th century, and the tower, which is built in marl stone, was completed in 1411. The nave was completed in 1476. In 1585 the church was plundered by the troops of Willem the Silent, and the roof and top of the tower were severely damaged in a storm in 1608. Repairs were not completed before 1720.
In 1910 the church was expanded with two bays, and to achieve this the tower was moved approximately 10 meters under the direction of the German-American engineer of Budapest, Henry Weiss. On 13 September 1944 the church burned during the retreat of the German occupying forces, and many treasures were lost. The church was rebuilt in 1950 under the direction of the architect Van den Dael.
Today, the Sint-Laurentiuskerk is late Gothic with a neo-gothic main altar with a retable dating from around 1500, depicting six scenes from the Life of Mary. The shutters depict scenes from the life of Saint Laurence. The church contains a church tabernacle from the second half of the 16th century, and two confessionals in baroque style. The church also has nine sculptures of saints and a 3 meter high statue of Saint Christopher.References:
Roman Walls of Lugo are an exceptional architectural, archaeological and constructive legacy of Roman engineering, dating from the 3rd and 4th centuries AD. The Walls are built of internal and external stone facings of slate with some granite, with a core filling of a conglomerate of slate slabs and worked stone pieces from Roman buildings, interlocked with lime mortar.
Their total length of 2117 m in the shape of an oblong rectangle occupies an area of 1.68 ha. Their height varies between 8 and 10 m, with a width of 4.2 m, reaching 7 m in some specific points. The walls still contain 85 external towers, 10 gates (five of which are original and five that were opened in modern times), four staircases and two ramps providing access to the walkway along the top of the walls, one of which is internal and the other external. Each tower contained access stairs leading from the intervallum to the wall walk of town wall, of which a total of 21 have been discovered to date.
The defences of Lugo are the most complete and best preserved example of Roman military architecture in the Western Roman Empire.
Despite the renovation work carried out, the walls conserve their original layout and the construction features associated with their defensive purpose, with walls, battlements, towers, fortifications, both modern and original gates and stairways, and a moat.
Since they were built, the walls have defined the layout and growth of the city, which was declared a Historical-Artistic Ensemble in 1973, forming a part of it and becoming an emblematic structure that can be freely accessed to walk along. The local inhabitants and visitors alike have used them as an area for enjoyment and as a part of urban life for centuries.
The fortifications were added to UNESCO"s World Heritage List in late 2000 and are a popular tourist attraction.