Nostra Segnora de Mesumundu

Siligo, Italy

Nostra Segnora de Mesumundu is located in the archaeological complex with the same name. It was built in the 6th century, during the Byzantine domination of the island, over a pre-existing Roman structure (2nd century AD). The Byzantines re-used part of the walls of the Roman building, as well as the aqueduct. The edifice could have been used as a baptistery. However, it is also possible that it was used for the purification of ill people through an immersion rite.

In 1063, the structure was donated by the Giudice (duke) Barisone I of Torres to the Abbey of Montecassino. When monks came from the Italian religious community, they adapted the building for Roman Catholic use, adding an apse and a new entrance (demolished in 1934). For the work, they used materials from the nearby Roman ruins and the nuraghe Culzu.



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SP80, Siligo, Italy
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Founded: 6th century AD
Category: Religious sites in Italy

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User Reviews

mauro tavella (13 months ago)
Small church, Roman architectural jewel and reused in a later period, adjacent to the thermal baths built, certainly to be enhanced.
Michele Marras (20 months ago)
The church of "Nostra Segnora de mesu mundu" is in a rural region rich in both mineral and spa. "Funtana de Púbulos" was "a great spring two miles away from the said Church towards Tramontana '; Abba de Bagnos a closer and warmer, who suggested identifying a balnearium in the building Roman, adapted to church (G. Spano). They are perhaps late Roman imperial baths, already in ruins when there an early medieval domed rotunda was built from scratch. Outside its perimeter walls yes they placed Byzantine tombs, which returned digital silver rings, bronze buckles, gold earrings; the inscription to the seventh century counts as ante quem for the church. The denomination of "mesu mundu" it would derive from a Sardinian entry for "dome" (A. Della Marmora); that of "Púbulos" is corruption of toponym Bubalis, given to the region starting from the 1065 map with which S. Maria was donated by the judge Torcotorio-Barisone I de Lacon-Gunale to the abbey of Montecassino. Still in the last century, i ruins around the church were identified by the locals as "Domos de Benedectinos" (G. Spano). The installation of a Cassinese monastic community led to the construction of an apse oriented and of an apsed north compartment, perhaps in replacement of two arms, similar to those which grafted and coeval with the domed rotunda hints at a cruciform icnography. The plant walls are distinguished by the "opus listatum ”in a variable number of courses with alternate bands of brick and basaltic corners; the great lights they have brick ribs. The early Romanesque apses are in black subsqual, small basaltic ashlars size, installed in rows of a certain regularity; the extrados of the basin falls within the tax line. The north compartment has sack walls, in limestone of various sizes; there is a short single lancet window cut flush.
franco morittu (2 years ago)
Fantastic place
Paolo Lombardi (3 years ago)
Ancient Roman baths transformed into a Christian place of worship.
Antica Sardegna (3 years ago)
The church of Santa Maria di Mesumundu is one of the most fascinating monuments of Sardinian medieval architecture, due to its singular forms and the construction technique ad opus listatum, which alternates rows of red bricks with courses of small basaltic stones of dark color.
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