Nostra Segnora de Mesumundu

Siligo, Italy

Nostra Segnora de Mesumundu is located in the archaeological complex with the same name. It was built in the 6th century, during the Byzantine domination of the island, over a pre-existing Roman structure (2nd century AD). The Byzantines re-used part of the walls of the Roman building, as well as the aqueduct. The edifice could have been used as a baptistery. However, it is also possible that it was used for the purification of ill people through an immersion rite.

In 1063, the structure was donated by the Giudice (duke) Barisone I of Torres to the Abbey of Montecassino. When monks came from the Italian religious community, they adapted the building for Roman Catholic use, adding an apse and a new entrance (demolished in 1934). For the work, they used materials from the nearby Roman ruins and the nuraghe Culzu.



Your name


SP80, Siligo, Italy
See all sites in Siligo


Founded: 6th century AD
Category: Religious sites in Italy

More Information


4.8/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

mauro tavella (7 months ago)
Small church, Roman architectural jewel and reused in a later period, adjacent to the thermal baths built, certainly to be enhanced.
Michele Marras (14 months ago)
The church of "Nostra Segnora de mesu mundu" is in a rural region rich in both mineral and spa. "Funtana de Púbulos" was "a great spring two miles away from the said Church towards Tramontana '; Abba de Bagnos a closer and warmer, who suggested identifying a balnearium in the building Roman, adapted to church (G. Spano). They are perhaps late Roman imperial baths, already in ruins when there an early medieval domed rotunda was built from scratch. Outside its perimeter walls yes they placed Byzantine tombs, which returned digital silver rings, bronze buckles, gold earrings; the inscription to the seventh century counts as ante quem for the church. The denomination of "mesu mundu" it would derive from a Sardinian entry for "dome" (A. Della Marmora); that of "Púbulos" is corruption of toponym Bubalis, given to the region starting from the 1065 map with which S. Maria was donated by the judge Torcotorio-Barisone I de Lacon-Gunale to the abbey of Montecassino. Still in the last century, i ruins around the church were identified by the locals as "Domos de Benedectinos" (G. Spano). The installation of a Cassinese monastic community led to the construction of an apse oriented and of an apsed north compartment, perhaps in replacement of two arms, similar to those which grafted and coeval with the domed rotunda hints at a cruciform icnography. The plant walls are distinguished by the "opus listatum ”in a variable number of courses with alternate bands of brick and basaltic corners; the great lights they have brick ribs. The early Romanesque apses are in black subsqual, small basaltic ashlars size, installed in rows of a certain regularity; the extrados of the basin falls within the tax line. The north compartment has sack walls, in limestone of various sizes; there is a short single lancet window cut flush.
franco morittu (2 years ago)
Fantastic place
Paolo Lombardi (3 years ago)
Ancient Roman baths transformed into a Christian place of worship.
Antica Sardegna (3 years ago)
The church of Santa Maria di Mesumundu is one of the most fascinating monuments of Sardinian medieval architecture, due to its singular forms and the construction technique ad opus listatum, which alternates rows of red bricks with courses of small basaltic stones of dark color.
Powered by Google

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

Lednice Castle

The first historical record of Lednice locality dates from 1222. At that time there stood a Gothic fort with courtyard, which was lent by Czech King Václav I to Austrian nobleman Sigfried Sirotek in 1249.

At the end of the 13th century the Liechtensteins, originally from Styria, became holders of all of Lednice and of nearby Mikulov. They gradually acquired land on both sides of the Moravian-Austrian border. Members of the family most often found fame in military service, during the Renaissance they expanded their estates through economic activity. From the middle of the 15th century members of the family occupied the highest offices in the land. However, the family’s position in Moravia really changed under the brothers Karel, Maximilian, and Gundakar of Liechtenstein. Through marriage Karel and Maximilian acquired the great wealth of the old Moravian dynasty of the Černohorskýs of Boskovice. At that time the brothers, like their father and grandfather, were Lutheran, but they soon converted to Catholicism, thus preparing the ground for their rise in politics. Particularly Karel, who served at the court of Emperor Rudolf II, became hetman of Moravia in 1608, and was later raised to princely status by King Matyas II and awarded the Duchy of Opava.

During the revolt of the Czech nobility he stood on the side of the Habsburgs, and took part in the Battle of White Mountain. After the uprising was defeated in 1620 he systematically acquired property confiscated from some of the rebels, and the Liechtensteins became the wealthiest family in Moravia, rising in status above the Žerotíns. Their enormous land holdings brought them great profits, and eventually allowed them to carry out their grandious building projects here in Lednice.

In the 16th century it was probably Hartmann II of Liechtenstein who had the old medieval water castle torn down and replaced with a Renaissance chateau. At the end of the 17th century the chateau was torn down and a Baroque palace was built, with an extensive formal garden, and a massive riding hall designed by Johann Bernard Fischer von Erlach that still stands in almost unaltered form.

In the mid-18th century the chateau was again renovated, and in 1815 its front tracts that had been part of the Baroque chateau were removed.

The chateau as it looks today dates from 1846-1858, when Prince Alois II decided that Vienna was not suitable for entertaining in the summer, and had Lednice rebuilt into a summer palace in the spirit of English Gothic. The hall on the ground floor would serve to entertain the European aristocracy at sumptuous banquets, and was furnished with carved wood ceilings, wooden panelling, and select furniture, surpassing anything of its kind in Europe.