The main tower and a secondary tower of Nuraghe Oes contain a single room, which was once divided into three spaces with wooden garrets supported by recesses, attached thanks to holes made in the walls.
Dating back to a period between the Bronze Age and the Iron Age (9th-6th century BC), the Oes is a majestic work of Nuragic architecture, built using well-finished basalt rocks. The main building consists of a tower (keep) with three floors and a truncated cone shape that ‘falls’ on all sides with a uniform slope. It is made up of 29 rows of stones. It is 16 metres tall and has a diameter of 11 and a half metres, making it the largest Nuragic building found so far. It once had a tholos vault (false dome). Against it, there is a bilobed bastion, with a perimeter of 50 metres, on two levels and with two entrances, that encloses a courtyard and two secondary towers. One of these is well-preserved. The overall complex measures 425 square metres and also includes a sacred area, with a fence (temenos) that has a vaguely hexagonal shape and a little megaron temple, the remains of a Tomb of Giants, of which you will notice the stele resting on the ground, a vast residential settlement of circular and oval huts. Their type is uncertain (perhaps cisterns and a second little temple). Between the sacred area and the Nuraghe, twenty rocks laid on edge and fixed in the ground resemble a megalithic circle.References:
Château de Falaise is best known as a castle, where William the Conqueror, the son of Duke Robert of Normandy, was born in about 1028. William went on to conquer England and become king and possession of the castle descended through his heirs until the 13th century when it was captured by King Philip II of France. Possession of the castle changed hands several times during the Hundred Years' War. The castle was deserted during the 17th century. Since 1840 it has been protected as a monument historique.
The castle (12th–13th century), which overlooks the town from a high crag, was formerly the seat of the Dukes of Normandy. The construction was started on the site of an earlier castle in 1123 by Henry I of England, with the 'large keep' (grand donjon). Later was added the 'small keep' (petit donjon). The tower built in the first quarter of the 12th century contained a hall, chapel, and a room for the lord, but no small rooms for a complicated household arrangement; in this way, it was similar to towers at Corfe, Norwich, and Portchester, all in England. In 1202 Arthur I, Duke of Brittany was King John of England's nephew, was imprisoned in Falaise castle's keep. According to contemporaneous chronicler Ralph of Coggeshall, John ordered two of his servants to mutilate the duke. Hugh de Burgh was in charge of guarding Arthur and refused to let him be mutilated, but to demoralise Arthur's supporters was to announce his death. The circumstances of Arthur's death are unclear, though he probably died in 1203.
In about 1207, after having conquered Normandy, Philip II Augustus ordered the building of a new cylindrical keep. It was later named the Talbot Tower (Tour Talbot) after the English commander responsible for its repair during the Hundred Years' War. It is a tall round tower, similar design to the towers built at Gisors and the medieval Louvre.Possession of the castle changed hands several times during the Hundred Years' War. The castle was deserted during the 17th century. Since 1840, Château de Falaise has been recognised as a monument historique by the French Ministry of Culture.
A programme of restoration was carried out between 1870 and 1874. The castle suffered due to bombardment during the Second World War in the battle for the Falaise pocket in 1944, but the three keeps were unscathed.