San Nicola di Trullas

Semestene, Italy

San Nicola di Trullas is a countryside church between the communes of Semestene and Pozzomaggiore. It belonged to a local influential family and in 1113 it was assigned to Camaldolese monks. Its condaghe is a valuable source for medieval Sardinian history. It is a small example of Pisan-Lombardy Romanesque architecture. The interior has cross vaults and several frescoes.



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SP8, Semestene, Italy
See all sites in Semestene


Founded: 12th century
Category: Religious sites in Italy

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User Reviews

Michele Marras (3 months ago)
The church of S. Nicola di Truddas and the related Camaldolese monastery, partly still existing in the century XIX, were built on the site of a Roman-imperial "villa Domenica", as the fulcrum of a rich one "Domestic" with a Curtense economy, whose administration between 1113 and the mid-twelfth century informs the “Condaghe of S. Nicola di Trullas”. The name of Trullas already appears in the deed of donation to Camaldolesi, dated 1113, and could refer to a pre-existing domed Byzantine church, as the entry “Trudda” is the Logudorese version of the Greek-Latin “troulla / trulla”, “dome”. The Romanesque building, in ashlars calcareous with trachyte inserts, was undertaken after 1113 following the donation of the title to the Camaldolese, wanted by the Athen family. The interior is single-naved with two cross vaulted spans separated by arch rising from pilasters, riveted by projections that extend the edges of the sails and arches to the ground parietal, as in the little bells of S. Maria del Regno, the work of the same architect by training Lombard and Pisan extraction. The apse, perfectly oriented, has a double strip end frame, arches with two rings and pilaster that marks two mirrors with single lancet windows; wire cut bows run under the base frame of the pediment, compensated like the western one. In the sides the median pilaster is almost as wide as the corner ones; the arches are double ferrules and one opens in each mirror single lancet window, with smooth creases on the southern side, with a sill marked by a molded frame. The south-east single-lancet window it has a rib with a very low relief with geometric decoration. In the false loggia of the facade they stretch arches with double ferrules, with ceramic basins in the sails and corbels with the function of capitals for the semi-columns; very low reliefs or simply engraved with phytomorphic or abstract motifs decorate the peduccicapitelli, the string courses and various ashlars in the mirrors of the higher order, open in the center in a small oculus. In the lower order, the architraved portal (with a raised arch of discharge) leads in the classroom, where occasional falls of the plaster revealed medieval frescoes perhaps contemporary with the factory of the church.
T. Giuseppe Tola (2 years ago)
Splendid monument of Romanesque architecture. It is considered one of the most interesting Romanesque buildings in Sardinia.
Giacomo Enna (2 years ago)
There is a well and the foundations of buildings around the church.
Stefano Papp (3 years ago)
Beautiful ancient church (around 1000) in the middle of nowhere !!!
Raffaella Spanedda (3 years ago)
Pretty Romanesque church of the century XII located in the countryside of Semestene, a few kilometers outside the village. You can admire it only from the outside, unless you contact the Municipality of Semestene to get the keys. A curiosity: on the other side of the SS131 is its "little sister" S. Lorenzo di Rebeccu (Bonorva), built with the same type of stone.
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