San Leone is a 12th-century Byzantine church located in Saracena. Built in the Greek Cross layout typical of churches of Byzantine cult (11th century), the church, originally dedicated to St Catherine of Alexandria, was reconsecrated to St Leo in the 13th century by bishop Guglielmo di Bisignano. The layout has elements of both Romanesque and early Gothic architecture. For example, the bell-tower has mullioned windows. In the 17th century during the Sanseverino rule of the region, the church was heavily ornamented in a Baroque fashion. On the ceiling of the central nave are frescoes depicting four episodes of the Old Testament: the Sacrifice of Abraham, Judith and Holofernes, the Good Shepherd, and a Coronation of the Virgin. The interior houses 12 altars. They include a marble Mannerist style statue of the Virgin and a ciborium (1522) by an unknown Tuscan sculptor.
The portal decorated with yellow stone, was carved in Renaissance style by a local 16th-century artist. To the left of the entrance is the 16th-century baptismal font with stone base with a sculpted lion and foliage. The lion holds the seal of the church with a bishop's mitre, and the words S. Leo 1592. Above the portal are statuettes depicting a baptism.
The main altar, with a polychrome baroque balustrade, has a 16th-century marble Virgin. The apse is frescoed with angels and a depiction of heaven. At the left in the choir is a fresco of St Heliodorus. In the right nave, near the secondary door, is the 17th-century altar of Santa Maria degli Angeli, housing the marble statue of Santa Maria degli Angeli with Child-Jesus. The Virgin wrapped in thick draperies dates back to the seventeenth century and is of Neapolitan manufacture built in Baroque style. The work was transferred to San Leone from its original location in the town's Capuchin monastery, which was suppressed by the French military. The church underwent a major restoration in 1960.References:
Roman Walls of Lugo are an exceptional architectural, archaeological and constructive legacy of Roman engineering, dating from the 3rd and 4th centuries AD. The Walls are built of internal and external stone facings of slate with some granite, with a core filling of a conglomerate of slate slabs and worked stone pieces from Roman buildings, interlocked with lime mortar.
Their total length of 2117 m in the shape of an oblong rectangle occupies an area of 1.68 ha. Their height varies between 8 and 10 m, with a width of 4.2 m, reaching 7 m in some specific points. The walls still contain 85 external towers, 10 gates (five of which are original and five that were opened in modern times), four staircases and two ramps providing access to the walkway along the top of the walls, one of which is internal and the other external. Each tower contained access stairs leading from the intervallum to the wall walk of town wall, of which a total of 21 have been discovered to date.
The defences of Lugo are the most complete and best preserved example of Roman military architecture in the Western Roman Empire.
Despite the renovation work carried out, the walls conserve their original layout and the construction features associated with their defensive purpose, with walls, battlements, towers, fortifications, both modern and original gates and stairways, and a moat.
Since they were built, the walls have defined the layout and growth of the city, which was declared a Historical-Artistic Ensemble in 1973, forming a part of it and becoming an emblematic structure that can be freely accessed to walk along. The local inhabitants and visitors alike have used them as an area for enjoyment and as a part of urban life for centuries.
The fortifications were added to UNESCO"s World Heritage List in late 2000 and are a popular tourist attraction.