Citânia de Santa Luzia

Viana do Castelo, Portugal

The Citânia de Santa Luzia (also known as the Old City of Santa Luzia) is an archaeological site of the Castro culture. Its construction dates from the Iron Age, and it shows evidence of occupation during the Roman period. The Castro was first dug in 1876 by Joaquim Possidonio Narciso da Silva. Only about one third of the structures have been dug, with the remaining part being under or destroyed during the construction of the nearby hotel (1900 - c. 1910), church (1904 - 1943), and respective roads. The site also included a possibly medieval chapel dedicated to Saint Lucy which persisted, after some reconstructions, until 1926 when it was destroyed to give way to the Saint Lucy Church of Miguel Ventura Terra.

The Citânia was constructed on the top of the Santa Luzia hill, overseeing the Lima River's delta and is protected by three lines of walls, towers, and two moats. The innermost walls (1.20 to 1.25 in thickness) enclose a 30m by 20m area that contains a single circular house and its only entrance faces West.

Ruins of approximately 74 houses have been found. Most of them have circular foundations or elliptical, and few are rectangular. The houses are found within small, walled neighborhoods.

The findings of the Citânia de Santa Luzia include multiple ceramics of the Castro, Roman, and Visigothic eras.



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Founded: 8th century BCE
Category: Prehistoric and archaeological sites in Portugal

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4.3/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

aleksandar dinic (2 years ago)
Not working, closed and here it states that it's open... Come here for nothing unfortunately...??????☹️
Jack Spat (3 years ago)
Great historical site of the Celts. Views of the valley below.
Douglas 'xtechx' Souza (4 years ago)
Super old and super cool. A great piece ir history
Antonieta Ponce de Leão (4 years ago)
Was not able to understand much about the place... The majority of the buildings were round and that was interesting, but was not able to understand why. Would be helpful if we could find more information. Was fun to see the sheep :D
Tony M Leitao (6 years ago)
If you visit Santa Luzia like I have been doing for years, it's very easy to miss the hidden jams at the top of the mountain. I recommend everyone to visit this beautiful historical ruins.
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