Citânia de Santa Luzia

Viana do Castelo, Portugal

The Citânia de Santa Luzia (also known as the Old City of Santa Luzia) is an archaeological site of the Castro culture. Its construction dates from the Iron Age, and it shows evidence of occupation during the Roman period. The Castro was first dug in 1876 by Joaquim Possidonio Narciso da Silva. Only about one third of the structures have been dug, with the remaining part being under or destroyed during the construction of the nearby hotel (1900 - c. 1910), church (1904 - 1943), and respective roads. The site also included a possibly medieval chapel dedicated to Saint Lucy which persisted, after some reconstructions, until 1926 when it was destroyed to give way to the Saint Lucy Church of Miguel Ventura Terra.

The Citânia was constructed on the top of the Santa Luzia hill, overseeing the Lima River's delta and is protected by three lines of walls, towers, and two moats. The innermost walls (1.20 to 1.25 in thickness) enclose a 30m by 20m area that contains a single circular house and its only entrance faces West.

Ruins of approximately 74 houses have been found. Most of them have circular foundations or elliptical, and few are rectangular. The houses are found within small, walled neighborhoods.

The findings of the Citânia de Santa Luzia include multiple ceramics of the Castro, Roman, and Visigothic eras.

References:

    Comments

    Your name



    Details

    Founded: 8th century BCE
    Category:

    More Information

    en.wikipedia.org

    Rating

    4.3/5 (based on Google user reviews)

    User Reviews

    aleksandar dinic (12 months ago)
    Not working, closed and here it states that it's open... Come here for nothing unfortunately...??????☹️
    Jack Spat (2 years ago)
    Great historical site of the Celts. Views of the valley below.
    Douglas 'xtechx' Souza (3 years ago)
    Super old and super cool. A great piece ir history
    Antonieta Ponce de Leão (3 years ago)
    Was not able to understand much about the place... The majority of the buildings were round and that was interesting, but was not able to understand why. Would be helpful if we could find more information. Was fun to see the sheep :D
    Tony M Leitao (5 years ago)
    If you visit Santa Luzia like I have been doing for years, it's very easy to miss the hidden jams at the top of the mountain. I recommend everyone to visit this beautiful historical ruins.
    Powered by Google

    Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

    Historic Site of the week

    Redipuglia World War I Memorial

    Redipuglia is the largest Italian Military Sacrarium. It rises up on the western front of the Monte Sei Busi, which, in the First World War was bitterly fought after because, although it was not very high, from its summit it allowed an ample range of access from the West to the first steps of the Karstic table area.

    The monumental staircase on which the remains of one hundred thousand fallen soldiers are lined up and which has at its base the monolith of the Duke of Aosta, who was the commanding officer of the third Brigade, and gives an image of a military grouping in the field of a Great Unity with its Commanding Officer at the front. The mortal remains of 100,187 fallen soldiers lie here, 39,857 of them identified and 60,330 unknown.