St. Nicholas Church

Cheb, Czech Republic

The Church of St. Nicholas (Kostel svatého Mikuláše ) is a three-aisled basilica in Cheb, built in the 13th century. The first written mention of the church refers to the year 1239, when one of the side altars was supposedly consecrated. In 1258 the emperor ceded the patronage rights to the Teutonic Order , which retained it until the end of the 16th century.

The lower parts of both towers and the west portal are mainly preserved from the original building. After a fire in 1270, the old apse was replaced by an early Gothic presbytery. In the middle of the 15th century wealthy citizens got involved in the renovation of the church, which was realized between 1456 and 1476. The municipal works foreman built a monumental three-aisled hall with 14 altars, 50 meters long, 30 meters wide and 21 meters Height, which master Lukas of Nuremberg painted.

After the fire in 1742, two towers with baroque domes were raised according to a design by the local builder Balthasar Neumann and adorned with a baroque onion roof. After a fire in 1809, the church received a historicist interior in neo-Gothic style (altar , choir stalls and organ).

During a US air bomb attack on April 20, 1945, the Balthasar Neumann church towers burned down and were not reconstructed. The church was given its present shape after restoration work in 1966 and thanks to a city foundation in summer 2008.

From the old furnishings of the church, a Romanesque baptismal font and six Gothic sculptures on both side altars have been preserved. There is a Gothic tabernacle in the presbytery. There are two Renaissance tombstones in the south porch. Of the remains of the former lavish Baroque furnishings, the large picture Adoration of the Shepherds above the north entrance, the Crucified above the south entrance and a depiction of the transfer of the remains of the Roman martyr Vincent to the church in 1693 are striking. Most of the furnishings, which also include the glass windows and the organ from Martin Zaus' workshop , come from the first (1862/64) and, above all, the second neo-Gothic redesign (1891/94).

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Founded: 13th century
Category: Religious sites in Czech Republic

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User Reviews

Daniel Brvnišťan (2 years ago)
Loved the ambient church music playing I the empty church, gives it a completely different ambience. The tower is also worth ascending.
Knefröd Zwentibold (3 years ago)
Free entry to the largest church in Cheb, several exhibtions going on inside.
Lajos Varga (3 years ago)
Old cathedral from the times when Europe was on the top.
jaewan Sung (3 years ago)
Going up to the tower costs 20CZK. Lovely view from the top as soon as you open the window
Ver Ger (3 years ago)
A Gothic cathedral with a great spirit. The entrance is for free (you can donate of course) and it was a really nice and helpful man to give you a great understanding of the place. You can go to the crypt which was 2 years ago reopend after 150 years. The priceless windows and the Gothic architecture is fascinating. You can climb the tower to have a look at the beautiful town.
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The fortress was built by Hrvoje Vukčić Hrvatinić, the founder of Jajce. However, the city became the seat of the Bosnian kings, hence the royal coat of arms decoration on the citadel entrance. A part of the wall was built by the Hungarian King, while the Ottomans erected the powder magazine. The walls are high and the castle was built on a hill that is egg shaped, the rivers Pliva and Vrbas also protect the castle. There is no rampart on the south and west.

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Skenderbeg Mihajlović besieged Jajce in 1501, but without success because he was defeated by Ivaniš Korvin assisted by Zrinski, Frankopan, Karlović and Cubor.

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