St. Nicholas Church

Cheb, Czech Republic

The Church of St. Nicholas (Kostel svatého Mikuláše ) is a three-aisled basilica in Cheb, built in the 13th century. The first written mention of the church refers to the year 1239, when one of the side altars was supposedly consecrated. In 1258 the emperor ceded the patronage rights to the Teutonic Order , which retained it until the end of the 16th century.

The lower parts of both towers and the west portal are mainly preserved from the original building. After a fire in 1270, the old apse was replaced by an early Gothic presbytery. In the middle of the 15th century wealthy citizens got involved in the renovation of the church, which was realized between 1456 and 1476. The municipal works foreman built a monumental three-aisled hall with 14 altars, 50 meters long, 30 meters wide and 21 meters Height, which master Lukas of Nuremberg painted.

After the fire in 1742, two towers with baroque domes were raised according to a design by the local builder Balthasar Neumann and adorned with a baroque onion roof. After a fire in 1809, the church received a historicist interior in neo-Gothic style (altar , choir stalls and organ).

During a US air bomb attack on April 20, 1945, the Balthasar Neumann church towers burned down and were not reconstructed. The church was given its present shape after restoration work in 1966 and thanks to a city foundation in summer 2008.

From the old furnishings of the church, a Romanesque baptismal font and six Gothic sculptures on both side altars have been preserved. There is a Gothic tabernacle in the presbytery. There are two Renaissance tombstones in the south porch. Of the remains of the former lavish Baroque furnishings, the large picture Adoration of the Shepherds above the north entrance, the Crucified above the south entrance and a depiction of the transfer of the remains of the Roman martyr Vincent to the church in 1693 are striking. Most of the furnishings, which also include the glass windows and the organ from Martin Zaus' workshop , come from the first (1862/64) and, above all, the second neo-Gothic redesign (1891/94).



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Founded: 13th century
Category: Religious sites in Czech Republic

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4.7/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Daniel Brvnišťan (2 years ago)
Loved the ambient church music playing I the empty church, gives it a completely different ambience. The tower is also worth ascending.
Knefröd Zwentibold (3 years ago)
Free entry to the largest church in Cheb, several exhibtions going on inside.
Lajos Varga (3 years ago)
Old cathedral from the times when Europe was on the top.
jaewan Sung (3 years ago)
Going up to the tower costs 20CZK. Lovely view from the top as soon as you open the window
Ver Ger (3 years ago)
A Gothic cathedral with a great spirit. The entrance is for free (you can donate of course) and it was a really nice and helpful man to give you a great understanding of the place. You can go to the crypt which was 2 years ago reopend after 150 years. The priceless windows and the Gothic architecture is fascinating. You can climb the tower to have a look at the beautiful town.
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Walled city of Jajce

The Walled City of Jajce is a medieval fortified nucleus of Jajce in Bosnia and Herzegovina, with citadel high above town on top of pyramidal-shaped steep hill, enclosed with approximately 1,300 metres long defensive walls,. It is one of the best preserved fortified capitals of the Bosnian Kingdom, the last stronghold before the kingdom dissolved under the pressure of military advancement at the onset of Ottoman Empire takeover.

The entire complex of the Walled city of Jajce, with the citadel, city ramparts, watchtower Medvjed-kula, and two main city gate-towers lies on the southern slope of a large rocky pyramid at the confluence of the rivers Pliva and Vrbas, enclosed by these rivers from the south-southwest, with the bed of the Pliva, and east-southeast by the river Vrbas gorge.


The fortress was built by Hrvoje Vukčić Hrvatinić, the founder of Jajce. However, the city became the seat of the Bosnian kings, hence the royal coat of arms decoration on the citadel entrance. A part of the wall was built by the Hungarian King, while the Ottomans erected the powder magazine. The walls are high and the castle was built on a hill that is egg shaped, the rivers Pliva and Vrbas also protect the castle. There is no rampart on the south and west.

Jajce was first built in the 14th century and served as the capital of the independent Kingdom of Bosnia during its time. The town has gates as fortifications, as well as a castle with walls which lead to the various gates around the town. About 10–20 kilometres from Jajce lies the Komotin Castle and town area which is older but smaller than Jajce. It is believed the town of Jajce was previously Komotin but was moved after the Black Death.

The first reference to the name of Jajce in written sources is from the year 1396, but the fortress had already existed by then. Jajce was the residence of the last Bosnian king Stjepan Tomasevic; the Ottomans besieged the town and executed him, but held it only for six months, before the Hungarian King Matthias Corvinus seized it at the siege of Jajce and established the Banovina of Jajce.

Skenderbeg Mihajlović besieged Jajce in 1501, but without success because he was defeated by Ivaniš Korvin assisted by Zrinski, Frankopan, Karlović and Cubor.

During this period, Queen Catherine restored the Saint Mary"s Church in Jajce, today the oldest church in town. Eventually, in 1527, Jajce became the last Bosnian town to fall to Ottoman rule. The town then lost its strategic importance, as the border moved further north and west.

Jajce passed with the rest of Bosnia and Herzegovina under the administration of Austria-Hungary in 1878. The Franciscan monastery of Saint Luke was completed in 1885.


The Walled city of Jajce is located at the confluence of the Pliva and Vrbas rivers. It was founded and started developing in the Middle Ages and acquired its final form during the Ottoman period. There are several churches and mosques built in different times during different rules, making Jajce a rather diverse town in this aspect. It is declared National Monument of Bosnia and Herzegovina, and, as the old Jajce city core, including the waterfall, and other individual sites outside the walled city perimeter, such as the Jajce Mithraeum, it is designated as The natural and architectural ensemble of Jajce and proposed as such for inscription into the UNESCO"s World Heritage Site list. The bid for inscription is currently placed on the UNESCO Tentative list.