Vlčtejn was first mentioned in 1284 as Wildenstein due to the bizzare high rock which it was built on. At first just a small, mostly wooden fort, it was widely rebuilt in the 14th century into a stone castle. It was a far, but important county owned by the wealthy Rosenberg family, and stood in the center of many historical events.
1421 seized by Hussites due to the owner deserting to their enemy, it stayed in the hands of a Hussite leader even after the movement was defeated, and the owner (unable to retake it) had to buy it back. But in 1444 the Hussite came back with his private army, and took the castle using a hole in the walls, which he prepared and then masked before he previously left. The rich elite from Pilsen engaged a local lord, which should move the Hussite to leave the castle through diplomacy, but his initiative officer, who had to deliver the message, directly besieged the castle with his troiops, which scared the Hussite so much that he agreed to leave. But soon after, another lords sent an army to help return the castle to the heirs of the last official owner, and the castle was given to the Hussite, who became it´s lord for the third time. After this a small civil war broke out between the two parties. But a much larger conflict broke out in 1450 between the king and an alliance of South Bohemian lords, which was ended at Vlčtejn, where the peace was concluded.
Owners often changed in the next 200 years, it was not an important strongpoint at the Thirty year war, as it is not mentioned in military listings of forts, it was then possibly abandoned.
The ruined castle was partially reconstructed in roman style in 1822, and became a recreational place for the owners, but it was not maintained and in 1845 already became a ruin again. The stone from lower parts was used for the bulding of a nearby imperial road, so the walls and industrial buildings vanished. The remainder of the castle was conserved through the 20th Century, the central palace still stands and is freely accessible.References:
Tyniec Benedictine abbey was founded by King Casimir the Restorer probably around 1044. Casimir decided to rebuild the newly established Kingdom of Poland, after a Pagan rebellion and a disastrous Czech raid of Duke Bretislaus I (1039). The Benedictines, invited to Tyniec by the King, were tasked with restoring order as well as cementing the position of the State and the Church. First Tyniec Abbot was Aaron, who became the Bishop of Kraków. Since there is no conclusive evidence to support the foundation date as 1040, some historians claim that the abbey was founded by Casimir the Restorer’ son, King Boleslaw II the Generous.
In the second half of the 11th century, a complex of Romanesque buildings was completed, consisting of a basilica and the abbey. In the 14th century, it was destroyed in Tatar and Czech raids, and in the 15th century it was rebuilt in Gothic style. Further remodelings took place in the 17th and 18th centuries, first in Baroque, then in Rococo style. The abbey was partly destroyed in the Swedish invasion of Poland, and soon afterwards was rebuilt, with a new library. Further destruction took place during the Bar Confederation, when Polish rebels turned the abbey into their fortress.
In 1816, Austrian authorities liquidated the abbey, and in 1821-1826, it was the seat of the Bishop of Tyniec, Grzegorz Tomasz Ziegler. The monks, however, did not return to the abbey until 1939, and in 1947, remodelling of the neglected complex was initiated. In 1968, the Church of St. Peter and Paul was once again named the seat of the abbot. The church itself consists of a Gothic presbytery and a Baroque main nave. Several altars were created by an 18th-century Italian sculptor Francesco Placidi. The church also has a late Baroque pulpit by Franciszek Jozef Mangoldt.