Mogorjelo is a Roman villa rustica that dates from the early fourth century. It is situated on a hill off the Neretva branch, 5 km south of Čapljina.

An Italic settler had a private manor complex built for agricultural purposes on the Mogorjelo site in the mid first century CE. He located the building designed for processing agricultural produce (villa rustica fructuaria) on a salient on the hill (the ground plan of the villa lies near the north or main gate of the walls of later date), and the residential building (villa rustica habitatoria) on the south slope exposed to the sun. This building burned down in the third century.

In the early fourth century, a state-owned estate was constructed over the ruins, with a villa which now forms the major feature of the complex. During the third century the property probably changed hands to become state-owned. The estate was destroyed in a major fire. The latest coins discovered on this site, in a layer of soot, were minted by Honorius in 388, so that it may be assumed that Mogorjelo fell into enemy hands some time between 401 and 403 with the Visigoth invasion of these parts. Life continued in these new circumstances.

In the mid fifth century, two basilicas were erected within the ruined perimeter walls in the north-eastern corner of the former villa, first one to the north and immediately thereafter the one to the south. To judge from various conversion works within the buildings, it appears that they were converted to residential use. Some items of Carolingian provenance, dating from the ninth century, have been found in the round tower and adjacent premises. Burials took place all over the site and its surroundings from the period of construction of late antique churches to the nineteenth century.



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Founded: 1st century AD
Category: Prehistoric and archaeological sites in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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User Reviews

Armin Isic (12 months ago)
Historical landmark in Čapljina, Bosnia and Herzegovina. Mogorjelo must visit this beautiful palace.
Settle Gold (12 months ago)
It's a shame that something with such history from 1st century is not preserved better. The building is magnificent but it's getting overgrown with trees and weeds. Lost of rubbish and old furniture is dumped about the site. You must enter via the restaurant, which obliges you to eat there. We didn't because the staff looked miserable and just stared at us. It's an interesting stop but don't come specifically for this. We were the only visitors there.
BicyclettMan Around the world (13 months ago)
A Tranquil Journey Back in Time at Mogorjelo Mogorjelo, a serene archaeological site near the town of Čapljina, is nothing short of a treasure for those who appreciate history, architecture, and nature. This well-preserved Roman villa rustica offers an enchanting window into the past that both history enthusiasts and casual visitors are sure to appreciate. As you wander around the ruins, you can easily imagine the grandeur that once marked this location. The remnants of the complex, including walls, arches, and courtyards, are wonderfully preserved, offering a vivid glimpse of Roman architecture. Information boards around the site provide valuable insights into its history and function, enhancing your understanding of the place. Moreover, the location of Mogorjelo is truly exceptional. Nestled amidst verdant hills, it's a blissful escape from the rush of everyday life. The surrounding landscape, with its lush greenery and the nearby river, adds a layer of tranquillity to the entire experience. The area is also perfect for picnics and leisurely strolls, making it a wonderful destination for a family outing or a quiet day out with friends. In conclusion, Mogorjelo is a hidden gem that offers a rich combination of history, architecture, and natural beauty. It's a place where you can escape the present and journey back into the ancient Roman times while enjoying the calming embrace of nature. A visit to Mogorjelo is not merely a trip to an archaeological site, but an immersive experience that leaves you richer in knowledge and appreciation of the past. I wholeheartedly recommend it to anyone seeking an enriching outing in the heart of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
J W (2 years ago)
Nice for a short stop
Jozo S (3 years ago)
It's beautiful historical site. However, reastaurant on one side and the horse stable on other just lower the overall experience. This is a Roman villa, not someone's private property, for God's sake
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